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Hijri Calendar Mohamad Sani 6 Muharram 1435 – Pengajian Glasgow

Hijri Calendar, Virtues of Muharram and 'Ashura' Fasting

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1. History of Hijri Calendar 2. Virtues of Muharram 3. 'Ashura' Fasting

Text of Hijri Calendar, Virtues of Muharram and 'Ashura' Fasting

  • Hijri Calendar Mohamad Sani 6 Muharram 1435 Pengajian Glasgow
  • Disclaimer Im not an Islamic scholar intended to be a discussion trigger taken from: www.konsultasisyariah.com http://sunnahonline.com
  • Before Umar Arabs has known qamari calendar Lunar calendar Origin of most of month names Known the 4 holy months However, they didnt count years Referring a year by notable event Elephant year 10 years after Kaab ibn Luay died Sanatul idzni (year of clearance)
  • The Trigger On the 3rd year of caliphate of Umar Basra governor wrote Umar a letter I received letters from you, one of them dated on Shaban, but I dont know whether it is this year Shaban or last year?
  • The Discussion Umar gathered some companions for discussion to establish calendar year Gregorian calendar had been numerous 4 different opinions when the 1st year should be Hijra event was chosen Alis idea Thats why the name is hijri calendar Then, which month should be the 1st month? Uthman propose Muharram for 3 reasons 1. Already the 1st month in qamari calendar 2. After hajj 3. Hijra intention was firstly on Muharram
  • Hijri Calendar Hasnt exist in the prophecy, so Prophet saw didnt teach any new years eve dua He didnt teach any special ceremony/ritual We better popularize the usage. Benefits: 1. No disagreement for Eid 2. Better remembrance for important dates Rajab, ashura day, etc. Fasting in the middle of months 3. Association to Islam
  • What Allah Said About Calendar Indeed, the number of months with Allah is twelve [lunar] months in the register of Allah [from] the day He created the heavens and the earth; of these, four are sacred. That is the correct religion, so do not wrong yourselves during them. And fight against the disbelievers collectively as they fight against you collectively. And know that Allah is with the righteous [who fear Him] QS At-Tawba (9): 36
  • 1. One of The Sacred Months Abu Bakarah r.a. reported that the Prophet saw said: "The year is twelve months of which four are sacred, the three consecutive months of Dhul-Qa'dah, Dhul-Hijjah and Muharram, and Rajab Mudar which comes between Jumadah and Sha'ban. Reported by al-Bukhari [2958] and Muslim
  • 2. The Best Month After Ramadan Abu Hurayrah r.a. said: "The Messenger of Allah saw said: 'The best of fasting after Ramadhan is fasting Allah's month (Shahrullah) of Muharram.' [Reported by Muslim, 1982] Previously, Jahiliyya named this month Safar AlAwwal, then Allah changed it into Muharram when Islam came. Thats why Allah refers it to His month (Shahrullah) [Sharh Suyuthi Ala shahih Muslim, 3:252] Allah open the year in the month of haram (Muharram) and make the end of it the month of haram (Dhul-Hijjah). There is no month in the year, after the month of Ramadan, which is more precious in the sight of Allah than Muharram. The first month is called Syahrullah Al-Asham (Allahs month of quite), because it is very noble of this month. [Hasan Al-Basri, Lathaiful Maarif, pg. 34)
  • 3. Best Month For Sunnah Fasting Abu Hurayrah r.a. said: "The Messenger of Allah saw said: 'The best of fasting after Ramadhan is fasting Allah's month of Muharram.' Reported by Muslim [1982]
  • Ashura (10 Muharram) Fasting Ibn 'Abbas r.a. said: "The Prophet saw came to Madinah and saw the Jews fasting on the day of 'Ashura'. He said, 'What is this?' They said, 'This is a great day, on which Allah saved Musa and his people, and drowned Pharaoh and his people.' He said to his Companions: 'You have more right to Musa than they do, so fast on that day.' Reported by al-Bukhari [1865] and Muslim
  • Mustahabb to Fast Tasu'a' (9 Muharram) with 'Ashura 'Abdullah ibn 'Abbas r.a. said: "When the Messenger of Allah saw fasted on 'Ashura' and commanded the Muslims to fast as well, they said, 'O Messenger of Allah, it is a day that is venerated by the Jews and Christians.' The Messenger of Allah saw said, 'If I live to see the next year, inshaAllah, we will fast on the ninth day too.' But it so happened that the Messenger of Allah saw passed away before the next year came. Reported by Muslim [1916]
  • The Virtues of Fasting 'Ashura' Ibn 'Abbas r.a. said: "I never saw the Messenger of Allah saw so keen to fast any day and give it priority over any other than this day, the day of 'Ashura', and this month, meaning Ramadhan." [Reported by al-Bukhari, 1867] The meaning of his being keen was that he intended to fast on that day in the hope of earning the reward for doing so: The Prophet saw said: "For fasting the day of 'Ashura', I hope that Allah will accept it as expiation for the year that went before." [Reported by Muslim, 1976]
  • Remember 9 Muharram 1435 Wed, 13 Nov 2013 According to Glasgow Central Mosque: www.centralmosque.co.uk London Central Mosque: www.iccuk.org
  • Reference http://www.konsultasisyariah.com/sejarahpenetapan-kalender-hijriah http://www.konsultasisyariah.com/5-artikelpenting-seputar-bulan-muharram http://sunnahonline.com/library/hajj-umrahand-the-islamic-calendar/324-virtues-ofmuharram-and-fasting-on-ashura-the Image: Wallpapers99.com MakkahCalendar.org FreeFever.com http://profile.typepad.com/mumudesign