City That William Pynchon Built hcc 30 jul 2016

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SPRINGFIELD

SPRINGFIELDFrontier plantation to the core of a 698,000 population METROPOLITAN AREA --- The City That William Pynchon Built

Dave Robison of Old Bones Genealogy of New England Sponsored by Pioneer Valley History Network30 July 2016 History Camp Pioneer Valley

Springfield Metropolitan Area 3 counties of Western Massachusetts: Hampden, Hampshire and Franklin Towns in Mass are more important than counties which barely exist and dont exist in Connecticut, Rhode Island or most of Massachusetts. Conflict with Captain John Mason who was to come to Springfield with cash in one hand and a sword in another The southern settlements dealt with the Peqouts and the Mohegans, warlike tribes. Pynchon dealt peacefully with the Pocumtucs.Springfield was burned to the ground at the end of King Phillips War in 16751

William Pynchon 1590 - 1662 England to New England to EnglandBorn in 1590 near Springfield, Chelmsford, EnglandWealthy landowner in EnglandInvestor in Massachusetts Bay Company (25)Civic leader and land speculatorDiplomatPoliticianFur traderAuthor of The Meritorious Price of Our SalvationSold all his holdings to his son JohnReturned to EnglandDied in 1662 in Wraysbury, Buckingham, EnglandCopyright 2016 Dave Robison of Old Bones Genealogy of New England

The Agawam DeedSigned by the Native Americans and 3 colonists: William PynchonHenry Smith, Pynchons Step-SonJehu Burr, planterIncluded land east and west of the Great RiverJohn Pynchon expanded the familys holdingsNorthernmost settlement of the Connecticut ColonyCopyright 2016 Dave Robison of Old Bones Genealogy of New England

Notable Landowners

Copyright 2016 Dave Robison of Old Bones Genealogy of New EnglandWilliam PynchonHenry Smith (Williams step-son/Ann Pynchon)Elizur Holyoke (Mary Pynchon)Henry Chapin (Bethiah Cooley)George Moxon, MinisterDeacon Samuel Chapin

Figures against each lot indicate the width in rods (1 rod = 5.5 yards) versus a rood (1 rood = acre 10,890 sq ft 0.10 hectares) WIKIPEDIA: Rood is an English unit of area, equal to one quarter of an acre or10,890 square feet(1,012 m2) or0.10 hectares). A rectangular area with edges of one furlong (i.e. 10 chains, or 40 rods) and one rod respectively is one rood, as is an area consisting of 40 perches (square rods).4

Notable Landowners

Copyright 2016 Dave Robison of Old Bones Genealogy of New EnglandRobert AshleyThomas MerrickHenry BurtNathaniel BlissBenjamin CooleyHugh Parsons

Figures against each lot indicate the width in rods (1 rod = 5.5 yards) versus a rood (1 rood = acre 10,890 sq ft 0.10 hectares) WIKIPEDIA: Rood is an English unit of area, equal to one quarter of an acre or10,890 square feet(1,012 m2) or0.10 hectares). A rectangular area with edges of one furlong (i.e. 10 chains, or 40 rods) and one rod respectively is one rood, as is an area consisting of 40 perches (square rods).5

Notable Landmarks

Copyright 2016 Dave Robison of Old Bones Genealogy of New EnglandRound HillHampden Park Pynchon Park Pride GasGreat RiverWood LotsRoad to the Bay (Boston) now State StreetTraining Field and Burying GroundWay to the lower wharf Became York Street

Figures against each lot indicate the width in rods (1 rod = 5.5 yards) versus a rood (1 rood = acre 10,890 sq ft 0.10 hectares) WIKIPEDIA: Rood is an English unit of area, equal to one quarter of an acre or10,890 square feet(1,012 m2) or0.10 hectares). A rectangular area with edges of one furlong (i.e. 10 chains, or 40 rods) and one rod respectively is one rood, as is an area consisting of 40 perches (square rods).6

Current Street Names

Copyright 2016 Dave Robison of Old Bones Genealogy of New EnglandBancroft StreetCarew StreetMain StreetLiberty Street - Just north of Wet MeadowRoad to the Bay (Boston) now State StreetCentral StreetBroad StreetLocust Street

Figures against each lot indicate the width in rods (1 rod = 5.5 yards) versus a rood (1 rood = acre 10,890 sq. ft. 0.10 hectares) WIKIPEDIA: Rood is an English unit of area, equal to one quarter of an acre or10,890 square feet(1,012 m2) or0.10 hectares). A rectangular area with edges of one furlong (i.e. 10 chains, or 40 rods) and one rod respectively is one rood, as is an area consisting of 40 perches (square rods).7

Deacon Samuel Chapin1598 - 1675England to SpringfieldBorn in 1598 in Paignton, Devon, EnglandMember of Prudential Affairs Committee (Selectman)Became 1 of 3 Commissioners (Board of Magistrates) with Elizur Holyoke and John PynchonAppointed by the General Court to lay out the town of Northampton with John PynchonOwned over 200 acres of land5 sons, 3 daughters and 72 grandchildren at the time of his deathDied 11 November 1675 shortly after King Phillips WarStatue in Merrick Park commissioned by Chester Chapin Copyright 2016 Dave Robison of Old Bones Genealogy of New England

Prudential Affairs=Board of Selectman then Magistrates (with John Pynchon and Elizur Holyoke who had full power and authority to govern

Augustus Saint-Gaudens: Born in Dublin came to New York with parents at 6 months of age. Studied in New York but went to Paris in 1867 to the cole des Beaux-Arts. 1870 Paris to Rome for art and architecture where he met and married deaf art student Augusta Fisher Homer. Back in the US: David Damn the Torpedoes Full Speed Ahead Farragut memorial in Madison Square Park, Standing Lincoln in Lincoln Park, at Lincolns tomb AND Parliament Square, London, Robert Gould Shaw of the 54th Mass Volunteers in Boston, and Medallion for Robert Louis Stevenson memorial at St Giles Cathedral in Edinburgh and many others around the US and the world. Lived in Cornish NH where died of cancer and his studio burned taking with it sketches, notebooks, correspondence, works in progress.8

From Samuel to Dave Samuel Chapin and Cicely Penny had a daughter named Hannah (1644 -1719)Hannah Chapin and John Hitchcock had a son named Luke (1674/75 1752)Luke Hitchcock and Elizabeth Walker had a son also named Luke (1706 1770)Luke Hitchcock and Abigail Norton had a daughter named Chloe (1751 1843)Chloe Hitchcock and Lemuel Newton had a daughter named Tabitha (1781 1865)Tabitha Newton and Ephraim Lane Bassett had a son named Ralph (1824 1861)Ralph Harmon Bassett and Mary Ann Blodgett had a son named Edward (1856 1940)Edward Harmon Bassett and Emma Tuggey had a daughter named Hazel (1895 1962)Hazel Adel Bassett and Clement Dickson had a daughter named Beatrice (1924 2003)Beatrice Agatha Dickson and Henry Dunn Robison had a son named Dave!Copyright 2016 Dave Robison of Old Bones Genealogy of New England

1669 - 1894Towns Created by Date of Separation

Copyright 2016 Dave Robison of Old Bones Genealogy of New EnglandWestfield 1669Suffield CT (as Southfield) 1682Enfield CT (as Freshwater) 1683Stafford CT 1719Somers CT (from Enfield) 1734Wilbraham 1763East Windsor CT (northern)1768West Springfield 1774Ludlow 1774

Southwick 1775 (from Westfield) Montgomery1780 (from Westfield)Longmeadow1783Russell1792 (from Westfield)Chicopee1848Holyoke (southern)1850 (from W Springfield)Agawam1855 (from W Springfield)Hampden 1878 (from Wilbraham)East Longmeadow1894 (from Longmeadow)

In 1645 Mary Parsons accused Widow Marshfield who in turn was herself accused in 1651. Then Mary accused her husband, Hugh Parsons. Mary and Hugh were acquitted of witchcraft but Mary was found guilty of murdering her own child and sentenced to death. She died in prison.10

1636 to 1736Slow growth to the Revolutionary WarPynchons conflict with Connecticut Colony escalates over price of goods, the cost of minor wars in Connecticut, taxes Aligns with Massachusetts Bay Colony

King Phillips War devastated Springfield About 75% of the village was burned to the ground

George Washington and Henry Knox picked the town for the site of a National Armory stimulated new growthCopyright 2016 Dave Robison of Old Bones Genealogy of New England

Recover from the burning of the town after King Phillips War in 1675 to build up to Revolutionary War11

17th Century Highlights

Copyright 2016 Dave Robison of Old Bones Genealogy of New England1636 16508 men and their families settle Agawam Deed signed William Pynchon appointed by the Connecticut General Court to buy grainName changed from Agawam to Springfield (April 1640)Boundaries of Springfield setThe Causeway (State Street) was laid out First Selectmen: Henry Smith, Thomas Cooper, Samuel Chapin, Henry Burt and Richard Sikes

1640 to 1643 arrival of a second company of Roxbury residents

Carpenters, brick masons, smiths, farmers, coopers, craftsmen. Indentured young men sent from England. John Matthews and Griffith Jones (coopers), Hugh Parsons (brick maker), Francis Ball (smith)12

17th Century Highlights

Copyright 2016 Dave Robison of Old Bones Genealogy of New England1636 1650First meeting house 40 X 25 24 landholders were settled by 1645 42 by 1647Order to build a shop for the blacksmithRobert Ashley ordered to keep the ordinarySpringfield officially listed as a town on Massachusetts Bay lists in 1647Town spreads out through the Long MeadowPynchons The Meritorious Price of Our Redemption was published in England then banned and burned in Boston

Illegal to transport building timber out of townIn 1645 Mary Parsons accused Widow Marshfield who in turn was herself accused in 1651. Then Mary accused her husband, Hugh Parsons. Mary and Hugh were acquitted of witchcraft but Mary was found guilty of murdering her own child and sentenced to death. She died in prison13

17th Century Highlights

Copyright 2016 Dave Robison of Old Bones Genealogy of New England1651 1700The first witchcraft accusations occurred in SpringfieldWilli