Strategy for Housing and Inclusion- Cluj Metropolitan Area

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Text of Strategy for Housing and Inclusion- Cluj Metropolitan Area

  • 1. CLUJ METROPOLITAN AREANovember 28, 2012(2012-2020)

2. Metropolitan Area ClujNovember 28, 2012 3. November 28, 2012Cluj Napoca 4. Pata Rat in Cluj Build upColina Verde New Pata-RtFamilies relocated from Coastei street (central street of Cluj) in December 2010. Substandard social housing in modular dwellings, overcrowded and segregated at the periphery of the city.Total inhabitants: 243 personsChildren below school age: 37School age children: 72Active-age population (18-64): 140 persons, out of whom 22 were formally employed at the time of relocation. The majority of men have work experience in construction and manual labor, whereas women work in semi- skilled routine service jobs, mostly without a contract. Before relocation, they were relatively well integrated, and all children were in school. Except from four families, allNovember 28, 2012 of them are ethnic Roma. 5. Pata Rat in Cluj BuildupCantonului streetBarracks near an old railway station and on the unused railway lines, donated by charity organizations (Ecce Homo and Pro Roma) to the families evicted from the city after 2000. The families are sued by the National Railway Company for abusive occupation of the land and face the threat of eviction.Total inhabitants: 451 personsChildren below school age: 101School age children: 103, but one-third not attending school. Half of those attending education are in special schools for children with disabilities.Active-age population (18-64): 234 persons, out of whom 65 have some formal work experience and 49 are currently employed, mostly in cleaning services. The majority completed only primary education or gymnasium, but 20 persons have vocational secondary education or high school.November 28, 2012Almost one-fifth of the inhabitants do not hold valid identity papers. The settlement is ethnically mixed: cca 60% are Roma, 30% Romanians and 10% Hungarians. 6. Pata Rat in Cluj Build upDALLAS OLD PATA-RT The agglomeration of improvised houses andbarracks known as Dallas colony. Twointernational NGOs active there: Pro RomaFoundation and the Association AjutorulFamiliilor. Total inhabitants: 271 persons Children below school age: 83 School age children: 58, but half of them notattending school Active-age population (18-64): 130 persons,but only 16 have some formal workexperience and two are currently employed.They make a living mostly from recyclingwaste from the nearby garbage dump. Thevery majority completed only primaryeducation or gymnasium. At least one-fourthdo not hold valid identity papers. AroundNovember 28, 201285% of the inhabitants declared to be ethnicRoma. 7. Pata Rat in Cluj Build up GARBAGE DUMP At the very end of Pata-Rt street, right near the garbage dump of the city (ramp de guano). Some of them seasonal workers coming from other regions, earning a living from recycling waste at the dump. Total inhabitants: 109 persons Children below school age: 37 School age children: 26, but none of them attending school Active-age population (18-64): 46 persons, out of them 18 have some formal work experience and two are currently employed. They make a living mostly from recycling waste. The very majority completed only primary education or gymnasium. At least one-fourth of the inhabitants do not hold valid identity papers. 90% declared to beNovember 28, 2012 ethnic Roma. 8. November 28, 2012Claudiu Cosier, NW-RDA, 19 December 2011 9. INTEGRATED HOUSING AND INCLUSION STRATEGYCLUJ NAPOCA METROPOLITAN AREA (2012-2020)Short term interventions Long term development(2012 -2015) (2011-2020) Implementing a long-term strategy forProject package financeable complex solutions to the problems ofin this programmatic periodexclusion of vulnerable citizens, including Roma, in an integrated and sustainable way in Cluj MetropolitanEmergency Interventions Area, which addresses housing needs as part of an integrated approach including education, health, social affairs, employment, security and desegregation measures and ensuresNovember 28, 2012 equal opportunities for all in all policy areas regardless of social status, ethnicity and gender. 10. Social Inclusion Strategy for the ClujMetropolitan Area (Objectives)Social innovation in terms of empowermentof the citizens at risk of exclusion toparticipate in the planned housing programand ensuring their ability to sustain theresults.November 28, 2012 11. Social Inclusion Strategy for the ClujMetropolitan Area (Objectives)Improving inclusion oriented public andcommunities services and integrating themwith the social housing programNovember 28, 2012 12. Social Inclusion Strategy for the ClujMetropolitan Area (Objectives)Set-up and realize a social housing systemand program in CMA with participation ofthe target group and social enterprises inplanning and implementation of the housingprogram.November 28, 2012 13. Social Inclusion Strategy for the ClujMetropolitan Area (Objectives)Integrate the social housing programme withthe Economic Development Plan of the CMAfocused on employment opportunities andjob creation for the target group.November 28, 2012 14. Social Inclusion Strategy for the ClujMetropolitan Area (Objectives)Provide model to other similar initiatives inRomania and other countries in Central andEastern Europe and join the Clujprogrammes development network toother, existing area-based networks acrossnational bordersNovember 28, 2012 15. Methodological principleParticipation.Real progress takes place only when the target group is actively involved in local development. This project is aimed to invest in the local stakeholders not simply by providing fund and expertise, but also by expanding peoples knowledge, skills and ownership of theNovember 28, 2012 process. 16. Methodological principleParticipation. In order to ensure localMotivation and commitment. participation of the poor,disadvantaged people need tofeel motivated and committedto the goals of development andself-confidence to contribute tothe implementation of them. Tospur motivation andparticipation in the project it isneeded to use external coaches.Two Coaches will work with thecommunities of the Pata RtNovember 28, 2012during the whole project periodand continue after for minimumtwo years. 17. Methodological principleParticipation. Local development must beMotivation and commitment. inclusive. It is for everyone in aEveryones, and should involveeveryone, including the mostvulnerable. Everyone can haveideas, everyone can contribute.The mission is to create thecapacity of locals to transformtheir perceived needs intoprojects. Experts should not tellpeople how to live, or what toNovember 28, 2012do. Learning is an interactionamong equals. 18. Methodological principleParticipation. In order to be effective,Motivation and commitment. people need to conveyEveryones development.development knowledge toStrengthening communication. others who need it. For thispurpose, the project willestablish a Resource Centrefor Integrated Housing andInclusion that serves as aninformation and coordinationhub for communicating bestNovember 28, 2012practices to other parts ofthe country and the region. 19. Methodological principleParticipation. Each community will functionMotivation and commitment. better if it is well organized.Everyones development.The level of socialStrengthening communication. organization is related to theSocial organization. life quality and the economicpotential of communities too.November 28, 2012 20. Methodological principleParticipation. The Project offers a broadMotivation and commitment. conceptual model whichaddresses some of theEveryones development.complexities faced by thoseStrengthening communication. involved in development. TheseSocial organization. complexities lie in the variety ofComplexity.local needs, the multiplicity ofpeople and organizations, thecomplex pattern of publicbodies and the fact that area-based development is both top-down and bottom-up inNovember 28, 2012character, calling upon theresources of government andthe energy of the people. 21. Methodological principleParticipation. Cluj Pole City, as the targetMotivation and commitment. area, is considered in theEveryones development.project as a social andStrengthening communication. economic whole, comprisingSocial organization. people, nature and otherComplexity.resources and know-how.Area-based approach.November 28, 2012 22. Methodological principleParticipation. That means to find a way toMotivation and commitment. harness the resources andEveryones development.energies of relevant bodies toStrengthening communication. coherent and coordinatedSocial organization. development actions andComplexity.process.Area-based approach.Integrated development.November 28, 2012 23. Methodological principleParticipation. Which can be built upMotivation and commitment. through implementation ofEveryones development.the previous principlesStrengthening communication.Social organization.Complexity.Area-based approach.Integrated development.Social CohesionNovember 28, 2012 24. Methodological principleParticipation.Motivation and commitment.Everyones development.Strengthening communication.Social organization.Complexity.Area-based approach.Integrated development.Social CohesionDesegregationNovember 28, 2012 25. The planning and strategichierarchy PIDU (Urban Development Plan of the GrowthPole) PUG (Urban Plan) Cluj-Napoca Development Strategy National Roma Inclusion Strategy Cluj Roma Inclusion Strategy (to be prepared) National Poverty Reduction StrategyNovember 28, 2012 26. The institutional hierarchy Municipality of Cluj Napoca Growth Pole NW-RDA Development Association of MetropolitanMunicipalities Cluj County Council Line Ministries, Lead MinistriesNovember 28, 2012 Operational Programs 27. Preparatory Phase:2012 OSI UNDP Project Community level interventions OSI Making the most of EU Funds forRoma Initiativein Pata Rat Participatory asses