Personal view on some success factors to take into account for career development in research, specially targeted to junior researchers.
- 1.Researching careers: careers in research UR-LING Workshop Aurelio Ruiz. March 2014
2. What is this talk about? 3. Researching Careers This presentation is about my personal feelings, based on experience related to work with different research groups But just meant as food for thought 4. Researching Careers NOT a 10 tips to succeed in research (because there are NO such 10 tips!) NOT a compilation of fellowships and grants (though, if we have time, we will briefly discuss a couple of them) NOT a discussion about the way things should be, but as I find they are 45 presentation 15 discussion among senior researchers and master students to comment / correct / enrich my experiences 5. Researching Careers What I expect from you There is not a magic solution, but different adequate approaches Personalise the explanation to your own case You need to create the one that suits you best! 6. Who we are 7. Servei de Recerca Som uns FACILITADORS els requeriments dels programes de finanament de la recerca les normes de les institucions les necessitats de linvestigador Finanadors, programes UPF,administraci pblica Estratgiaprpia, situaciactual 8. Servei de Recerca ESTRUCTURA CENTRALITZADA Secci de suport a la poltica cientfica Oficina de projectes Secci de Gesti Econmica ESTRUCTURA DESCENTRALITZADA Delegaci Oficina de Projectes SdR Campus Comunicaci-Poblenou Servei de Recerca i Unitat d'Innovaci i Parcs Edifici Merc Rodoreda C/Ramon Trias Fargas, 25-27 08005 Barcelona http://www.upf.edu/rdi/ Servei de Recerca Edifici Tnger C/Roc Boronat, 138 08018 Barcelona Despatx 55.223 Aurelio Ruiz: Promotor Campus Barbara Albareda: Oficina de Projectes (baixa) Neus Balaguer: Oficina de Projectes Goretti Mallorqui: Oficina de Projectes Txema Farrona: Gesti Econmica Manel Ronda: Gesti Econmica Nom.firstname.lastname@example.org 9. TRAINING Graduate, post-graduate and professional training Joint programs, national and international exchanges In-house training Career development for students, including stays at companies (practicum, thesis, etc) Innovation in teaching RESEARCH Research training (PhD programs) Public and private R&D calls (projects, human resources, infrastructures, research awards, etc) Collaborative projects, industrial PhDs Tailor-made R&D projects for external entities Prototyping and proof-of-concepts of new technologies and services Trend and business analysis in changing ICT, Health, Humanities and Social Sciences OTHER ACTIVITIES Access to spaces and specialized infrastructures to external parties Sponsorship, Social Responsibility Specialized consulting Technological platforms Direct technology and knowledge transfer (patents, open source, publications, etc) Cultural and artistic production UPF activities 10. Overview on career options 11. Traditional career path Traditional research careers Graduate Studies + Master + PhD + Postdoc / Tenure track position at university + Research Group + Research recognition But current reality is that the number of PhDs granted exceeds by large the amount of postdoctoral positions Pyramid Scheme Professional Specialist, state-of-the-art Expert, advance state-of- the-art Increasing leadership and mentoring Different purposes 12. What others say about research careers http://www.economist.com/node/17723223 http://www.nature.com/news/2011/110302/full/471007a.html 13. Career options Careers around research are not limited to university positions. Each of them may require, however, a different approach Academic Research It is not enough that we do our best; sometimes we have to do what is required. Winston ChurchillI Industrial / Policy Making / NGOs Social / Business Enterpreneurship 14. Be the driver Strategy Available Resources / Capabilities / Opportunities Determines Strategy Available Resources / Capabilities / Opportunities Conditions Achieved Results Determines Efforts and courage are not enough without purpose and direction. John F. Kennedy 15. Characterising successful teams / individuals Attitude: Creativity / Originality / Self-criticism X Direction: Ambition / Goals / Perseverance X Aptitude: Methods / Results X Environment If any of the factors is zero, result is zero All of them depend on / are influenced by personal decisions 16. Characterising successful teams / individuals Academic Research Industrial Policy Making Enterpreneurship Creativity Originality Ambition Goals Perseverance Methods Results Environment Different Gold Standards for different expected careers 17. Characterising successful teams / individuals Each field of knowledge has different social norms Learn to know what is relevant for yours Within a given field, roles are multiple Different possible roles in academia Industrial: R&D direction, expert, ... Enterpreneur: CTO, CEO, business developer, scientist And also the research activities Basic vs applied Knowledge driven vs needs driven Integrative vs narrow and specialised . Required personal and scientific skills, career paths, etc are also different! 18. Characterising successful teams / individuals No panic!! This is an iterative process, which also needs to be adapting (specially in areas of quick evolution) when kids are requested what they want to be when they grow up, the do not say I will go to school for 10 years, then I will choose in secondary school the scientific branch, then to university.... They just think they want to be doctors 19. Career options policy making Department of Economics and Business - UPF 18 PhDs awarded. They found jobs in universities (Bocconi, Zurich, Central European University, Oxford, Vienna, the European Business School in Berlin, EDEC, Carlos III, etc.), central banks (Italy, France, England) and research departments of private banks like the BBVA. 20. Career options - Entrepreneurship http://liftlab.com/think/fabien/2011/05/31/a-trajectory-from-academia-to-entrepreneurship/ Lift Lab was already taking shape during our research as part of our constant efforts to communicate our ideas and results, using our blogs, pamphlets, talks and workshops as echo chambers It was particularly important for us to confront our findings outside of a single research community as much as outside of academia. In our case, it helped us capture the interest of what- would-then-become clients and create diverse channels of communication with people that challenged our intuitions, confront our points of view and ultimately made our methods evolve. Prior to move out of academia, these contacts were already grasping the value we could produce in their contact. few concepts spun out of our PhDs, but none of them were ready to even remotely consider a product or service 21. Making decisions Know yourself Be informed Test your choices Start early http://www.nature.com/scitable/ebooks/guide-to-life-science-careers-14053951/know-yourself-14356565 22. Factors 23. Creativity / Originality / Self-criticism You can tell whether a man is clever by his answers. You can tell whether a man is wise by his questions. Naguib Mahfouz It is a good morning exercise for a research scientist to discard a pet hypothesis every day before breakfast. It keeps him young. Konrad Lorenz When things get too complicated, it sometimes makes sense to stop and wonder: Have I asked the right question? Enrico Bombieri 24. Creativity / Originality There are many people in this room much more qualified than myself to comment on this 25. Ambition / Goals / Perseverance The higher you set your target, the higher you will grow J. C. Friedrich von Schiller 26. If you dont set goals for yourself, you are doomed to work to achieve the goals of someone else. Brian Tracy Ambition / Goals / Perseverance 27. Ambition / Goals / Perseverance Swiftness, which is a virtue, generates a vice, which is hurry Gregorio Maran 28. Ambition / Goals / Perseverance Inputs Human Resources Competitive proj. R+D Contracts Other specific funding sources .... Execution Management of people, money Infrastructure Good practices Research methodol Collaborations .... Outputs PhD Thesis Publications IPR Comercialization Dissemination and training ... Motivation Impact Impact in Research Social Impact Economic Impact .... 29. Ambition / Goals / Perseverance Ms importante que la inteligencia, son sus factores instrumentales: orden, constancia, voluntad, motivacin, y la alegra de ver que uno es capaz de vencerse, y ponerse metas y cumplirlas. Una persona con voluntad llega en la vida ms lejos que una persona inteligente Enrique Rojas 30. Methods / Results The craft (learning to do research) + Capability to perform independent research 31. Methods / Results The craft (learning to do research) Insanity is doing things the way they have always been done and expecting the results to be different! Theodore Eischeid Choose the right mentor / supervisor for your targets! 32. Capability to perform independent research .... Choose the right mentor for your targets! .... And deal with him / her! The care and maintenance of your adviser http://www.nature.com/naturejobs/2011/110127/full/nj7331- 570a.html Methods / Results 33. Making decisions Know yourself Be informed Test your choices Start early We are judged by what we finish, not by what we start. We are judged by what we achieve, not by what we do. Own assessment All profiles in research are very qualified In terms of fundraising, absolute assessment is not useful Relative to competitors What is special in our CV with respect to equivalent peers? 34. Methods / Results http://www.idi.mineco.gob.es/portal/site/MICINN/menuitem.8ce192e94ba842bea3bc811001432ea0/?vgnextoid=1a24e5e 169b51210VgnVCM1000001034e20aRCRD 35. Methods / Results On scientific publication -Which is the best place I can publish my work? - Journals, conferences, etc organised by impact factor / prestige / audience they target -> Quality matters - Adequacy of my results (type of content sought by the publisher / quality of my results) 3