Participation Schemas: A tool to characterize Collaborative Participation

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Presentation used at the PDD2014 Conference on "Contemporary difficulties and future prospects for participatory and deliberative democracy". Newcastle upon Tyne, 9-11 July 2014

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  • Participation Schemas A tool to characterize Collaborative Participation Dr. Pedro Prieto Martn Computer Science Dept., Universidad de Alcal Founder of CitYsens 9-11 July 2014 Culture Lab Newcastle upon Tyne Get the paper at: http://bit.ly/participation-schemas Other stuff: http://bit.ly/prieto-martin
  • Pedro Prieto-Martn, UAH 1 nth revision of Arnstein ladder of citizen participation Identify the most important dimensions of a participatory initiative, standardizing their graphic representation Framework for the analysis, design and comparison of participatory cases and methods. Pragmatic compromise between complexity, utility and versatility Support the critical and comparative evaluation of participatory projects and initiatives by raising awareness about their strengths and weakneses What are Participatory Schemas eta
  • Pedro Prieto-Martn, UAH 1. WHAT Intensity of Collaboration 6. Delegated Control 5. Delegated Power 4. Collaboration 3. Advisement 2. Consultation 1. Information 0. Manipulation 1. Legitimate coercion 2. Illegal Duress Collaborative Participation 3. WHERE Institutionalization level: 1. Low: "Sporadic, "Episodic 2. Medium: "Periodic, "Continuous" 3. High: Functional Inst. and Organic Inst. Non- Participation Consultative Participation - - Conflict Transparency Cliff SIX Dimensions of Participatory Schemas 2. WHEN Phases (ex. Policy Cycle): 1. Agenda Setting 2. Policy Formulation 3. Decision Making 4. Policy Implementation 5. Monitoring and evaluation 4. WHO Actors involvement: 1. Type: Political, Corporate, Civil Society, Others 2. Stakes & Special Roles: - Affected, Interested, Participant, Influencer - Decision maker, Promoter, Facilitator 3. Selection methods: - Inclusiveness, Representativeness, Self-selection, Others 5. HOW Deliberativeness & Transparency: 1. None 1. None 2. Low 2. Low 3. Medium 3. Medium 4. High 4. High eta
  • Pedro Prieto-Martn, UAH 2005: My year in the Land of Light 3 Applied research on how to use ICT to improve local participation Got involved in the introduction of Participatory Budgeting!!!
  • Pedro Prieto-Martn, UAH 4 Fortalezas 2005 Participatory Budgeting
  • Pedro Prieto-Martn, UAH Fortalezas 2005 Participatory Budgetingdeliberative 5
  • Pedro Prieto-Martn, UAH 6 Fortalezas 2005 Participatory Budgetingdeliberative
  • Pedro Prieto-Martn, UAH Fortalezas 2005 Participatory Budgetingmanipulative - Conceptual negligence - Execution negligence - Design negligence - Dificulties 7
  • Pedro Prieto-Martn, UAH Fortalezas 2005 Participatory Budgeting 8
  • Pedro Prieto-Martn, UAH PARTICIPATO RYBUDGETING ? 9(Karsten 2011, Brodie et al. 2009, Cornwall 2008) Participation models maze
  • Pedro Prieto-Martn, UAH XXI Century Social Sciences?
  • Pedro Prieto-Martn, UAH Who? How? Where? Why? What? What for? When? Much research and academics In whose interest? XXI Century Social Sciences?
  • Pedro Prieto-Martn, UAH None Low Medium High 1. WHAT? Others [20,15, 7] None Low Medium High Participate [0, 0, 0]Self-Selection Representative Sel. Mech. Inclusive Sel. Mech. Selected by Elections Arbitrary Selection Decision Makers Sponsors Facilitators - - Collaborative Participation Non-Participation Consultative Participation Conflict Periodic Continuous Functional Inst. Organic Inst. 5. WHO? Affected and involved Actors 2. WHEN? eg: Phase within Policy Cycle 3. WHERE? Institutionalization Level Sporadic Episodic POLICY IMPLEMENTATIONMONITORING & EVALUATION POLICY FORMULATION AGENDA SETTING DECISION MAKING Political Actors [15, 13, 11] Corporate Actors [10, 2, 1] Civil Soc. & Citizenry Influence Affected Transparency 4. HOW? Deliberativeness 6. Delegated Control 5. Delegated Power 4. Collaboration 3. Advice 2. Consultation 1. Information 0. Manipulation 1. Legitimate coercion 2. Illegal Duress Intensity of Collaboration Transparency Cliff SIX Dimensions of Participatory Schemaseta
  • Pedro Prieto-Martn, UAH None Low Medium High 1. WHAT? Others [20,15, 7] None Low Medium High Participate [0, 0, 0]Self-Selection Representative Sel. Mech. Inclusive Sel. Mech. Selected by Elections Arbitrary Selection Decision Makers Sponsors Facilitators - - Collaborative Participation Non-Participation Consultative Participation Conflict Periodic Continuous Functional Inst. Organic Inst. 5. WHO? Affected and involved Actors 2. WHEN? eg: Phase within Policy Cycle 3. WHERE? Institutionalization Level Sporadic Episodic POLICY IMPLEMENTATIONMONITORING & EVALUATION POLICY FORMULATION AGENDA SETTING DECISION MAKING Political Actors [15, 13, 11] Corporate Actors [10, 2, 1] Civil Soc. & Citizenry Influence Affected Transparency 4. HOW? Deliberativeness 6. Delegated Control 5. Delegated Power 4. Collaboration 3. Advice 2. Consultation 1. Information 0. Manipulation 1. Legitimate coercion 2. Illegal Duress Intensity of Collaboration Transparency Cliff SIX Dimensions of Participatory Schemaseta
  • Thank you!! Dr. Pedro Prieto Martn Computer Science Dept, Universidad de Alcal (ES) Founder of CitYsens 9-11 July 2014 Culture Lab Newcastle upon Tyne pedro.prieto-martin@kyopol.net Get the paper at: http://bit.ly/participation-schemas Other stuff: http://bit.ly/prieto-martin
  • Participation Schemas A tool to characterize Collaborative Participation Dr. Pedro Prieto Martn Computer Science Dept., Universidad de Alcal Founder of CitYsens 9-11 July 2014 Culture Lab Newcastle upon Tyne Back-up Slides
  • Pedro Prieto-Martn, UAH Participation = 1/5 of Deliberation + 1/4 of Manipulation + plenty of Politics as usual (ie: a continuous struggle for power and (un)accountability) Knowledge vs Reality
  • Pedro Prieto-Martn, UAH 17 Fortalezas 2005 Participatory Budgeting
  • Pedro Prieto-Martn, UAH Clientelism Paternalism Patrimonialism Nepotism Burocratism Obscurantism Autoritarism Coronelismo Cronyism (Grsons Law) PARTICIPATOR YBUDGETING POLITICAL CULTURE 18 Fortalezas 2005 Participatory Budgeting
  • Pedro Prieto-Martn, UAH Violence Analphabetism Racism Disaffection Inequality Geographic dispersion Exclusion SOCIAL CONTEXT Shortage Social disintegration PRESUPUESTO PARTICIPATIV O 19 Fortalezas 2005 Participatory Budgeting
  • Pedro Prieto-Martn, UAH 20 Fortalezas 2005 Participatory Budgeting
  • Pedro Prieto-Martn, UAH 21 Fortalezas 2005 Participatory Budgetinginstrumental
  • Pedro Prieto-Martn, UAH Preparative Regional and Social Segments Assemblies Decision-Making Regional Assemblies (Deliberativas) Mayors Office (MO) Municipal Budget Investment Plan Regional Delegates Forums Council of the Participatory Budgeting (COP) PB Actions Plan Participatory Budgeting Office Municipal Organisms & Departments Regional Executive Offices Executive Power Legislative Power PB Peoples Power Popular Councils Unions Neighbour Assoc. other Social Movements Public Workers in all Public Agencies Administrative Power Citizenry - Electorate Municipal Leg. Chamber Big Companies (private or semi-public) Economic Power Elections Negotiation Decisions Citizens KEY Mayor 22 MO Strong Influence

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