Introduction to Biblical Archaeology

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Introduction to Archaeology and the Bible

Text of Introduction to Biblical Archaeology

  • 1. THE BIBLE AND ARCHAEOLOGY Session 1 Welcome

2. DOES THE ARCHAEOLOGIST LOOK LIKE IS THIS? 3. CAN YOU SAY? 4. IS THE ARCHAEOLOGIST YOU SEE LIKE THIS? 5. WHAT FIRST INTERESTED YOU IN ARCHAEOLOGY? Parents Schooling Siblings Reading the Bible Curiosity Early influences 6. FORMATIVE EXPERIENCES 7. DR DAVE REID Old Testament Emmaus Bible College Professor 8. HE LOVED THE BIBLE AND THE LAND OF THE BIBLE I would like to dedicated this Sunday School class to the memory and ministry of Dr. Dave Reid (April 2, 1937 - January 31, 2012) 9. INSTITUTE OF HOLY LAND STUDIES Jerusalem University College 10. Overview and Summary THE BIBLE AND ARCHAEOLOGY 11. WHY STUDY ARCHAEOLOGY? Increase my knowledge in the Word of God Build up or deepen my Faith Curiosity To solve a Biblical problem Defend the Faith Come up with Bible illustrations Reconstruct the biblical background 12. WHAT IS ARCHAEOLOGY? The word archaeology is strictly speaking the study of ancient things the study of past human life and activities by the examination of materials and artifacts of human civilization 13. ARCHAEOLOGY TELLS OR ANCIENT MOUNDS Tell or Tel - Josh 8:28 Mound Ancient Ruin Names of Ancient Cities that have been buried 14. MODERN DAY TELL OR ANCIENT RUIN 15. CROSS SECTION OF A TELL 16. WHAT IS THE VALUE OF ARCHAEOLOGY? 1. Archaeology confirms the Bible. 2. Archaeology clarifies the Bible. 3. Archaeology complements the Bible. 17. REASONS TO STUDY ARCHAEOLOGY Archaeology confirms the Bible. 18. ISAIAH 20:1 In the year that Tartan came unto Ashdod, (when Sargon the king of Assyria sent him,) and fought against Ashdod, and took it; 19. Paul Emile Botta French Archaeologist who discovered the fortress of Sargon in 1843 ARCHAEOLOGY CONFIRMS THE BIBLE 20. A ROYAL PALACE 21. KING SARGONS ROYAL PALACE 22. KING SARGONS PALACE 23. WINGED LION FOUND IN KING SARGONS PALACE 24. ARCHAEOLOGY CONFIRMS THE BIBLE King Sargon Isaiah 20:1 25. REASONS TO STUDY ARCHAEOLOGY Archaeology clarifies the Bible. 26. ARCHAEOLOGY CLARIFIES THE BIBLE Nuzi Tablets Genesis 29-31 The Story of Jacob and Laban 27. WHERE IS NUZI? 28. THE ANCIENT MOUND OF NUZI 29. WHAT ARE THE NUZI TABLETS? Clay tablets Inscribed by a pen (called a stylus) Hardened by baking Clay was used as the paper of Abrahams time Language was Hurrian or Babylonian written in Cuneiforms characters Property deeds, lists and government documents 30. HOUSEHOLD IDOLS OR TERAPHIM 31. NUZI TABLETS CLARIFY LABAN/JACOB STORY Jacob was adopted by Laban Adoption meant rights to grandchildren Teraphim where evidence in court to the right to property ownership Natural children have more rights then adopted children Teraphim even gave ownership to in-laws and adopted children 32. REASONS TO STUDY ARCHAEOLOGY Archaeology complements the Bible. 33. HOME OF ABRAHAM (Abram) 34. THE WORLD OF ABRAM (Abraham) (Circa 2000 BC) Ancient Ziggurat from Ur: the stairway to heaven to worship the moon goddess. Sumerian god and goddess join together around a sacred tree. 35. ARCHAEOLOGY COMPLEMENTS THE BIBLE Ur of old Babylonia worshipped the moon god Stele of Ur-Nammu (ca. 2200 BC), detail (cf. Frankfort) showing the crescent moon. 36. PROBLEMS IN ARCHAEOLOGY Dating Context of finds Verification Testing a hypothesis Reconstruction of the past Historical problems 37. GENESIS 12:16 And he entreated Abram well for her sake: and he had sheep, and oxen, and he asses, and menservants, and maidservants, and she asses, and camels. 38. ONE HISTORICAL PROBLEM Genesis 12:16 refers to Abraham bringing camels into Egypt Lack of evidence referring to camels Its too early for camel domestication during Abrahams time Higher critics say that the earliest evidence for camels in Egypt is the Greek era (330 BC) 39. CAMELS AND ABRAHAM? Is the Bible wrong? 40. CAMELS AND ABRAHAM? Are the Critics Wrong? 41. WHAT IS THIS? 42. Its a Camel! Hello! 43. WHAT IS THE PLACE OF ARCHAEOLOGY? Archaeology CANNOT prove the Bible. Spiritual truth is of such a nature that it cannot be proven or disproved by the material discoveries of archaeology. The truths of the Bible do not need proving; they are self-evident. The net effect of archaeology has been to support the general trustworthiness and substantial historicity of the biblical tradition where data is available 44. ARCHAEOLOGY IMPROVES OUR UNDERSTANDING Archaeology helps to place the Bible (an Oriental book) in its Near Eastern setting and thereby to improve the ability of the westerner to understand it. This science provides much material that serves to confirm the Scripture. 45. ARCHAEOLOGY AND THE TEXT OF SCRIPTURE 1. Clarifies Scripture 2. Confirms Scripture 3. Complements Scripture 46. SILVER SCROLL: THE AARONIC BLESSING Numbers 6:24-26 May Yahweh bless you and keep you; May Yahweh cause his face to Shine upon you and grant you Peace 47. ARCHAEOLOGY HELPS US VALUE THE TRUE WORD OF LIFE That which was from the beginning, which we have heard, which we have seen with our eyes, which we have looked upon, and our hands have handled, of the Word of life; (For the life was manifested, and we have seen it, and bear witness, and shew unto you that eternal life, which was with the Father, and was manifested unto us;) 1 John 1:1-2