UGC Human Resource Development CentreJadavpur UniversityShort Term Course in LISFebruary 10, 2016Prof. Dibyendu Paul/2016_Guerilla_Open Access Manifesto*Guerilla OpenAccess Manifesto
PL Manifesto:PreambleProf. Dibyendu Paul/2016_Guerilla_Open Access Manifesto*
3 Fundamental Human Values: Freedom, prosperity and the development.
Exercise of democratic rights and take active role in society
Ability of well-informed citizens
Depend on satisfactory education as well as on free and unlimited access to knowledge, thought, culture and information.
PL Manifesto:Missions of the PL[Relate to information, literacy, education and culture]Prof. Dibyendu Paul/2016_Guerilla_Open Access Manifesto*Reading habits Self conducted & formal education Personal creative developmentsImagination and creativity of children and young peopleAwareness of cultural heritage, arts, science & innovationsProviding access to cultural expressions of all performing artsCultural diversity Oral traditionCommunity informationInformation services to local enterprisesInformation and computer literacy skillsLiterary activities
PL Manifesto:Democratic AccessProf. Dibyendu Paul/2016_Guerilla_Open Access Manifesto*
PL as local center of information, making all kinds of knowledge and information readily available to its users
On the basis of equality of access for all age, race, sex, religion, nationality, language or social status
PL Manifesto: Social inclusionProf. Dibyendu Paul/2016_Guerilla_Open Access Manifesto*
Specific services and materials must be provided for those users who cannot, for whatever reason, use the regular services and materials, for example linguistic minorities, people with disabilities or people in hospital or prison.
PL Manifesto: Cultural and social understanding Prof. Dibyendu Paul/2016_Guerilla_Open Access Manifesto*
Material must reflect current trends and the evolution of society, as well as the memory of human endeavour and imagination.
PL Manifesto: New technologiesProf. Dibyendu Paul/2016_Guerilla_Open Access Manifesto*
Collections and services have to include all types of appropriate media and modern technologies as well as traditional materials.
PL Manifesto: Censorship and controlProf. Dibyendu Paul/2016_Guerilla_Open Access Manifesto*
Collections and services should not be subject to any form of ideological, political or religious censorship, nor commercial pressures.
Changes beyond the PL Manifesto
Libraries are in radical transformations economically and technologically. Economically: towards commodification of what scholars create knowledgeusers as consumersknowledge as intellectual property to be monetizedWhich had a profound effect on the library. Specially escalating cost of subscriptions to journals and databasesshrinking budget, and cuts in professional staff We are living in a world in which knowledge is turned into intellectual property, monetizied, and made artificially scarce.
Paradigm shift of Library's IdentityUsers increasingly value the library primarily as a purchaser of the information Rather library as a gateway to knowledge or an institution that will preserve it for the greater good.
Libraries are depends on rental of information (licensed) Rather Possession of information (not owned)
A large portion of the librarys virtual stacks could be emptied out at the flick of a switch, a sudden repossession of cultural materials if the rent isnt paid
Guerilla Open Access Manifesto: PreambleProf. Dibyendu Paul/2016_Guerilla_Open Access Manifesto*
Information is power. But like all power, there are those who want to keep it for themselves.
The worlds entire scientific and cultural heritage, published over centuries in books and journals, is increasingly being digitized and locked up by a handful of private corporations. . . .
Providing scientific articles to those at elite universities in the First World, but not to children in the Global South? Its outrageous and unacceptable.
I agree, many say, but what can we do? The companies hold the copyrights, and its perfectly legal theres nothing we can do to stop them.
Guerilla Open Access Manifesto: Operative PartProf. Dibyendu Paul/2016_Guerilla_Open Access Manifesto*
But there is something we can do: we can fight back.
.. . Its called stealing or piracy, as if sharing a wealth of knowledge were the moral equivalent of plundering a ship and murdering its crew.
But sharing isnt immoral its a moral imperative. . . . There is no justice in following unjust laws.
Guerilla Open Access Manifesto:The Fight forProf. Dibyendu Paul/2016_Guerilla_Open Access Manifesto*
We need to take information, wherever it is stored, make our copies and share them with the world.
We need to take the stuff thats out of copyright and add it to the archive. We need to buy secret databases and put them on the Web.We need to download scientific journals and upload them to file sharing networks. We need to fight for Guerrilla Open Access. . . .
Who is the Guerilla?
Let us introduce
RSSProf. Dibyendu Paul/2016_Guerilla_Open Access Manifesto*
Rich Site Summary, RDF Site Summary, Really Simple SyndicationPublish frequently updated information like blog entries, news headlines, audio, videoIncludes full or summarized text, and metadata, like publishing date and author's nameRSS feeds enable publishers to syndicate data automatically. RSS feeds also benefit users who want to receive timely updates from favorite websites or to aggregate data from many sites.
Prof. Dibyendu Paul/2016_Guerilla_Open Access Manifesto*Resource Description FrameworkFamily of World Wide Web Consortium (W3C) specificationsOriginally designed as a metadata data modelIdea of making statements about resources (in particular web resources)In the form of subjectpredicateobject expressionsE. g.:Blue skyEntity (sky), attribute (color) and value (blue)
This is some text!This is some text!
is a nonprofit organization that enables the sharing and use of creativity and knowledge through free legal tools.CC's free, easy-to-use copyright licenses provide a simple, standardized way to give the public permission to share and use creative work on conditions of peoples choice. CC licenses let peoples easily change copyright terms from the default of all rights reserved to some rights reserved
Want to Prof. Dibyendu Paul/2016_Guerilla_Open Access Manifesto*
Keep the Internet creative, free and open.helps you share your knowledge and creativity with the worldhelping to realize the full potential of the Internetuniversal access to research and education, full participation in cultureto drive a new era of development growth, and productivity.
Want to Prof. Dibyendu Paul/2016_Guerilla_Open Access Manifesto*
Let people share and use photographs, but not to sell Provide access to course materials from the worlds top universities encourage readers to re-publish blog posts Provide songs that you can use and remix, royalty-free
How reddit worksredditors vote on which stories and discussions are important. the hottest stories rise to the top, while cooler stories sink.
comments can be posted on every story on reddit. comments add information, context, and humor.
anyone can create a community (called "subreddits"). each subreddit is independent and moderated by a team of volunteers.
reddit is open source. community members are constantly tinkering and contributing features, bug fixes, and translations back to the site.
OpenLibrary.org Prof. Dibyendu Paul/2016_Guerilla_Open Access Manifesto*
OpenLibrary.orgProf. Dibyendu Paul/2016_Guerilla_Open Access Manifesto*allows users to borrow or browse every published book in the world.cemented the obsession with freeing the mind of humanity from its elite clutches. Over 1,000,000 free ebook titles available. Open Library is an open project: the software is open, the data are open, the documentation is open, and we welcome your contribution. Whether you fix a typo, add a book, or write a widget--it's all welcome. We have a small team of fantastic programmers who have accomplished a lot, but we can't do it alone!
OpenLibrary.orgProf. Dibyendu Paul/2016_Guerilla_Open Access Manifesto*wants to provide quality bibliographic information as the basis for its information about resources often in MARC format. Because of its "wiki nature", Open Library can mix and match data from different sources OpenLibrary follow FRBR that defines the essential things that a library catalogue describes. The Open Library embraces the identification of basic things called "types." These types are entities like Works, Authors, Editions, and Subjects
Aaron H. SwartzProf. Dibyendu Paul/2016_Guerilla_Open Access Manifesto*
Born November 8, 1986, Illinois, U.S.Died January 11, 2013 (aged 26), New YorkCause of death Suicide by hangingEducation Stanford UniversityOccupation Software developer, writer, Internet activistTitle Fellow, Harvard University Edmond J. Safra Center for EthicsAwardsAmerican Library Association's James Madison Award (posthumously)EFF Pioneer Award 2013 (posthumously)Internet Hall of Fame 2013 (posthumously)
Is it a Suicide or Murder of a Guerilla?
Prof. Dibyendu Paul/2016_Guerilla_Open Access Manifesto*January 6, 2011, he arrested after connecting to the MIT network and setting to download academic journal articles from JSTOR.He charged with two counts of wire fraud and eleven violations of the Computer Fraud and Abuse Act, with maximum penalty of $1 million in fines, 35 years in prison, asset forfeiture, restitution, and supervised release.Swartz declined a plea bargain under which he would have served six months in prison. Two days after rejection of his pray, he was found dead in his apartment, where he had hanged himself.
Guerilla Open Access Manifesto: Legal, Ethical, and Moral ConcernsProf. Dibyendu Paul/2016_Guerilla_Open Access Manifesto*
Although Swartzs method was legally questionable, but he the issue of pay-walling of publicly funded research into light and the debate for open access resurfaced
His activity brought guerilla open access out into the open
..For works not in the public domain, OA depends on copyright-holder consent. OA is about lawful sharing, not sharing in disregard of law. (2) OA to copyrighted works is voluntary, there is no vigilance OA, no infringing, expropriating, or piratical OA Peter Suber