Marriage & Poverty: South Carolina

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Marriage is America's #1 weapon against childhood poverty. This presentation details the impact of marriage on the probability of child poverty in South Carolina.

Text of Marriage & Poverty: South Carolina

  • 1. Marriage: South Carolinas No. 1 Weapon Against Childhood PovertyHow the Collapse of Marriage Hurts Children and Three Steps to Reverse the Damage A Heritage Foundation Book of Charts January 2012 Richard and Helen DeVos Center for Religion and Civil Society
  • 2. Growth of Out-of-Wedlock Childbearing in South Carolina, 19292010 Throughout most of South PERCENTAGE OF CHILDREN BORN OUT OF WEDLOCKCarolinas history, out-of-wedlockchildbearing was rare. 50% 47.5% When the federal governmentsWar on Poverty began in 1964,only 12.8 percent of children in 40%South Carolina were born out ofwedlock. However, over the nextfour decades, the number roserapidly. By 2010, 47.5 percent of 30%births in South Carolina occurredoutside of marriage. 20%Note: Initiated by President LyndonJohnson in 1964, the War on Povertyled to the creation of more than three 10%dozen welfare programs to aid poorpersons. Government has spent $16.7trillion on means-tested aid to the poorsince 1964. 0%Sources: U.S. Government, U.S. CensusBureau, and National Center for Health 1930 1940 1950 1960 1970 1980 1990 2000 2010Statistics. Chart 1 Marriage and Poverty in South Carolina heritage.org
  • 3. Death of Marriage in South Carolina, 19292010 The marital birth ratethe PERCENTAGE OF CHILDREN BORN TO MARRIED COUPLESpercentage of all births that occurto married parentsis the ip side 100%of the out-of-wedlock birth rate. Through most of the 20th cen-tury, marital births were the normin South Carolina. In 1964, over87 percent of births occurred tomarried couples. 80% However, in the mid-1960s, themarital birth rate began to fallsteadily. By 2010, only 52.5 per-cent of births in South Carolinaoccurred to married couples. 60% 52.5%Note: In any given year, the sum of theout-of-wedlock birth rate (Chart 1)and the marital birth rate (Chart 2)equals 100 percent of all births. 40%Sources: U.S. Government, U.S. CensusBureau, and National Center for Health 1930 1940 1950 1960 1970 1980 1990 2000 2010Statistics. Chart 2 Marriage and Poverty in South Carolina heritage.org
  • 4. In South Carolina, Marriage Drops the Probability of Child Povertyby 82 Percent The rapid rise in out-of-wedlock PERCENTAGE OF FAMILIES WITH CHILDREN THAT ARE POORchildbearing is a major cause of 50%high levels of child poverty inSouth Carolina. 40.9% Some 40.9 percent of single 40%mothers with children are poorcompared to 7.2 percent of mar-ried couples with children. Single-parent families with 30%children are nearly six times morelikely to be poor than families inwhich the parents are married. 20% The higher poverty rate amongsingle-mother families is due bothto the lower education levels of 10% 7.2%the mothers and the lower incomedue to the absence of the father. 0% Single-Parent, Married,Two-ParentSource: U.S. Census Bureau, American Female-Headed FamiliesCommunity Survey, 20072009 data. Families Chart 3 Marriage and Poverty in South Carolina heritage.org
  • 5. Nearly Four in Ten of All Families with Children in South CarolinaAre Not MarriedOverall, married couples headabout six in ten families withchildren in South Carolina. Over39 percent are single-parentfamilies. Unmarried Families 39.1% Married Families 60.9%Source: U.S. Census Bureau, AmericanCommunity Survey, 20072009 data. Chart 4 Marriage and Poverty in South Carolina heritage.org
  • 6. In South Carolina, 77 Percent of Poor Families with ChildrenAre Not Married Among poor families withchildren in South Carolina, morethan three-quarters are notmarried. By contrast, only 23.3percent of poor families with Marriedchildren are headed by married Familiescouples. 23.3% Unmarried Families 76.7%Source: U.S. Census Bureau, AmericanCommunity Survey, 20072009 data. Chart 5 Marriage and Poverty in South Carolina heritage.org
  • 7. In South Carolina Few Unwed Births Occur to Teenagers Out-of-wedlock births are PERCENTAGE OF OUT-OF-WEDLOCK BIRTHSoften confused erroneously with BY AGE OF MOTHERteen births, but only 8.3 percentof out-of-wedlock births in UnderSouth Carolina occur to girls Age 18:under age 18. 8.3% By contrast, some 78 percent Ageof out-of-wedlock births occur 3054:to young adult women between 13.3%the ages of 18 and 29. Age 1819: 16.7% Age 2529: 21.9% Age 2024: 39.8%Note: Figures have been rounded.Source: U.S. Department of Health andHuman Services, Centers for DiseaseControl and Prevention, 2008 NHSdata. Chart 6 Marriage and Poverty in South Carolina heritage.org
  • 8. Less Educated Women Are More Likely to Give BirthOutside of Marriage Unwed childbearing occurs PERCENTAGE OF BIRTHS THAT ARE MARITALmost frequently among the OR OUT OF WEDLOCKwomen who will have the greatest 100% 9.7% Unmarrieddifculty supporting children by Mothersthemselves: those with low levels 90%of education. 43.6% 80% In South Carolina, among 62.1%women who are high school drop- 70%outs, about 73.8 percent of all 73.8%births occur outside marriage. 60%Among women who have only a 50%high school diploma, over 62 Married 90.3%percent of all births occur outside 40% Mothersmarriage. By contrast, among 56.4%women with at least a college 30% 37.9%degree, only 9.7 percent of births 20%are out of wedlock. 26.2% 10% 0% High School High School Some College Mothers Dropout Graduate College Graduat