How To Earn From Affiliate Marketing

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  1. 1. 9.1 Introduction Affiliate program A form of partnership in which a company pays affiliates (other companies or individuals) for prespecified actions taken by visitors who click-through from an affiliate site to a merchant site In this chapter, we discuss: Costs Benefits Program reward structures Program-building options Tracking and affiliate solution providers Directories and search engines that provide affiliate- and partnering-program resources
  2. 2. 9.2 How an Affiliate Program Works New income streams Merchant The company that advertises on another companys site Affiliate The company hosting the advertising in return for a reward based on predetermined terms Affiliates act as an extended sales force How it works Merchant places banner on affiliates Web site When a person clicks through to the merchants site via the advertisement on the affiliates site and makes a purchase, a commission on the sale is typically awarded to the affiliate Win-win" situation
  3. 3. 9.3 Selecting an Affiliate- Program Reward Structure Program reward structures Pay-per-click Pay-per-lead Pay-per-sale CPM (cost-per-thousand) Multi-level, or multi-tiered Hybrid model Implementation of appropriate reward structure(s) depends on the type of site and its product mix
  4. 4. 9.3.1 Pay-Per-Click Model Pay-per-click model Rewards an affiliate for each click-through that is generated from a banner ad hosted by the affiliate A click-through is when a person clicks on the banner advertisement on the affiliate site and is taken to the merchant site Easy for affiliates to generate dishonest click- throughs to run up the numbers Sites that depend on advertising rates use this model to increase traffic GoTo and Lycos
  5. 5. 9.3.2 Pay-Per-Lead Model Pay-per-lead model Rewards affiliates based on the number of qualified leads generated Potential customers that have expressed interest in a product or service and meet requirements determined by the company Can include new customer registrations and having visitors sign up to receive a newsletter or use a free demo
  6. 6. 9.3.3 Pay-Per-Sale Model Pay-per-sale model Also known as the commission-based model Compensates its affiliates for each sale resulting from affiliate-hosted advertisements Rewards to the affiliates based on sales are typically larger Virtual store Allows affiliates to sell merchants products without requiring visitor to leave the affiliates site
  7. 7. 9.3.4 Multi-Tiered Model Multi-tiered model Also known as the multi-level model New affiliates are recruited by current affiliates, who are then rewarded with a percentage of the new affiliates revenues Two-tiered model involves only the original affiliate and its recruits, also known as subaffiliates ValueClick
  8. 8. 9.3.5 Hybrid Model Hybrid model Combines features of multiple models Can make an affiliate program more competitive Can increase the cost for the merchant
  9. 9. 9.3.6 CPM (Cost-Per- Thousand) Model CPM (cost-per-thousand) model Requires the merchant to pay the affiliate a fee for every 1000 visitors that simply view the merchants banner on the affiliate site Not used as often as the other models because merchants prefer to pay for actions CPM is often used to price traditional advertising methods
  10. 10. 9.4 Attracting Affiliates Grow affiliate program and increase profits Try posting announcements on message boards Newsgroups Online discussion groups Spamming and unwanted advertising are unwelcome and can against rules Directory A site that provides aggregated information and links to sites relevant to specific topics Determine reward structures and commission amounts of competitors
  11. 11. 9.5 Monitoring An Affiliate Program Use tracking information To analyze effectiveness of programs, make improvements, monitor payment schedules and identify strongest affiliates Creating tracking solutions By creating duplicates of every Web page, each affiliate can link to an individually assigned page Referred visitors will click through to only the mirror page (the duplicate page) designated for that specific affiliate, allowing companies to record these visits separately Costs include time, hosting and updating mirror pages, payments, marketing, credit-card processing and customer service Affiliate program software, My Affiliate Program and Pro-TRACK
  12. 12. 9.6 Affiliate Solution Providers Affiliate solution providers Companies that can provide end-to-end solutions for a companys affiliate program Recruit affiliates and merchants to participate in programs, conduct accurate tracking, provide detailed reporting for merchants and affiliates and distribute commissions Fees may be required for affiliate solution services
  13. 13. 9.6.1 Commission Junction Commission Junction offers design, implementation and management services (B2B affiliations) No fee to become affiliate, merchants charged a fee Application service is Web based Do not have to download or upgrade any software Instant tracking and reporting in real time Makes monthly payments to affiliates for merchants EnContext solution Services to merchants include SmartMatch SmartTrack SmartZones SmartStats SmartServe SmartPay
  14. 14. 9.6.2 LinkShare LinkShare offers affiliate programs for B2B and B2C Affiliates can join pay-per-click, pay-per-lead and pay-per-sale programs for free Merchants can use The LinkShare Network , a Private Label Network or a combination of the two to develop affiliate programs LinkShare Network provides merchants with access to companies that have become affiliates through LinkShare LinkShare Synergy Private Label Network allows merchants to sign up affiliates through their own Web sites
  15. 15. 9.6.2 LinkShare LinkShares home page. (Courtesy of LinkShare Corporation.)
  16. 16. 9.6.3 Be Free Be Free, Inc. BFAST (affiliate-program enabler) Allows companies to target affiliates in a segmented manner Rewards and compensation determined by the merchant Be Free tracks impressions, click-throughs and sales for both the merchant and its affiliate partners Be Free records each time a promotion is viewed or acted upon When a sale is made, Be Free receives information through its connection with the merchants site is used to provide performance information
  17. 17. 9.6.3 Be Free Be Frees performance-marketing for page merchant. (Courtesy of Be Free, Inc.)
  18. 18. 9.6.3 Be Free Be Free demonstration: How promotions work, step 1. (Courtesy of Be Free, Inc.)
  19. 19. 9.6.4 ClickTrade ClickTrade is part of Microsoft bCentral Web-based service provides tracking and payment services Pay-per-lead, pay-per-sale or hybrid-model program Merchants have control over affiliate links and banners Charges 30 percent of any merchant payments to affiliates Companies can sign up to be affiliates for free Provides reports including tracking of affiliates
  20. 20. 9.6.5 Affiliate Network Web-based solution for affiliate programs Affiliate Mail Center Online message boards Rewards members through PlugInGo Points that Pay Reports can be produced daily, weekly or monthly Performs payment-processing services Companies can join as affiliates for free Charges one-time setup fee and a commission of two percent of every sale or lead made through the network
  21. 21. 9.7 Web-site Stickiness Stickiness of a site The ability to keep people at a site and interested in its content Update content frequently, carefully organize a site, provide quality customer service to keep visitors browsing Merchants can offer virtual stores to affiliates Offer e-commerce capabilities to sites that want to participate in affiliate programs, but also want to keep visitors at their sites Nexchange and CrossCommerce Can control their brands presentation on affiliate sites
  22. 22. 9.7 Feature Vcommerce Corporation provides sites with store-hosting opportunities through Manages credit-card transactions, order fulfillment, customer service and hosting of the storefront Provides step-by-step process for design and implementation Select a category from the listed choices Select a subcategory to further concentrate on a particular market Choose a store design, store colors and store typography Personalize store with a name, slogan and logo. Provide personal information such as e-mail address, name, phone number and commission payment information
  23. 23. 9.7 Feature Sample store from (Courtesy of Vcommerce Corporation.)
  24. 24. 9.8 Becoming an Affiliate Low barriers to entry Usually free Joining too many programs may make the site look cluttered and unprofessional Identify a target market Sign up directly at the merchants site or join through an affiliate solution provider or affiliate directory Adbility Offers information on various forms of marketing, including affiliate programs
  25. 25. 9.8 Becoming an Affiliate Adbilitys specific segments within an industry. (Courtesy of
  26. 26. 9.8 Becoming an Affiliate Adbilitys listing of affiliate programs for books in the general segment. (Courtesy of
  27. 27. 9.8 Becoming an Affiliate Some programs have requirements to become an affiliate Site statistics, information about visitors and a tax identification number Hidden fees and restrictions in some affiliate contracts Note the reputation of the merchant Most affiliate programs require a person or company to have a Web site to participate Some programs allow individuals to join by placing affiliate links on their personal sites
  28. 28. 9.9 Examples of Affiliate Programs Associate Program Pioneer in affiliate marketing Sites will be rejected if they contain amazon or variations of the word in the domain names, promote violence, are discriminatory or contain sexual material or other content deemed inappropriate Associates Central provides graphics, links, earnings and traffic information Affiliates can provide an search box on its site or link to the home page or recommended books Joining is free and pays up to 15 percent in referral fees
  29. 29. 9.9 Examples of Affiliate Programs BabyCenter offers a commission-based affiliate program Pays members for all sales originating from their sites Pays affiliates for their own personal shopping through the links on their sites Affiliates are paid on a quarterly basis BabyCenter Affiliate Gateway provides earning reports, images and links that can be downloaded to connect to the merchant site
  30. 30. 9.9 Barnes & Noble Feature Barnes & Noble offers Affiliate Network Potential affiliates must complete online application Gives options for links, banners and virtual storefronts provides affiliate performance reports Sends a commission check to affiliates every three months MyB&NLink program allows people to earn commissions by placing a link to the Web site in their e-mails Restrictions include spamming, pornography, hate mail and illegal activities
  31. 31. 9.11 Costs and Taxation of Affiliate Programs Costs Merchant is required to pay the affiliate, with the amount depending on the prespecified terms of the program Costs can rise with increases in the number of click- throughs, purchases or other specified actions Losing visitors through affiliate links Developing and implementing the program Internet affiliate program taxation Commissions collected by affiliates are considered income and will be taxed State taxation on sales made through affiliates in states other than the state where the merchant is located has not been settled
  32. 32. 9.12 Affiliate-Program Directories and Search Engines Affiliate-program directories and search engines Provide parties who are interested in becoming affiliates with programs that match their interests, and parties who are interested in finding affiliates with the different options available to them Associate-It,, Refer-it and
  33. 33. 9.12 Affiliate-Program Directories and Search Engines Associate-Its home page (Courtesy of iSeed Inc.)