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Violence and Abuse in Family Relationships

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Family problems

Violence and abuse in family relationships By: Morgan Juby

Schedule Factors contributing to Violence and Abuse Abuse and Violence in Family RelationshipsAbuse and Violence in Intimate RelationshipsChild AbuseElder AbusePreventing Violence and AbuseSociological Theories

Violence- extersion of physical force as to injure

Abuse- use something to bad effect or for a bad purpose. Treat (a person or an animal) with cruelty or violence, especially regularly or repeatedly.

Violence and abuseFactors ContributingCultural -Corporal punishment is the use of physical force with the intention of causing a child to experience pain, but not injury for the purpose of correction or control of a childs behaviour. Researchers are strongly against corporal punishment because it causes more damage to the child, it effects their adulthood. Those children tend to be antisocial and violent as adults. - Gender role socialization explains the traditional roles men are taught, which is to be in control, big and intimidating. In relation, females were taught to be small and accommodating to males. Statistics show that men who earn less than their partners are more likely to be violent to their partners. - Women and children were viewed as property. Before 1978 the Family Law Reform Act settled that married women were not independent individuals, they were property to their husbands. Husbands were allowed to treat their wives as they wished, for example disciplining them, using physical force and controlling her. Father-daughter incest happened because if his daughter was involved with another man, it was seen as some other male taking the fathers property.

Community Factors- Social isolation is taking relationships away from the community and extended family. Isolation from grandparents, aunts, uncles and cousins take a toll and contribute to the abuse that these isolated people suffer from. These isolated people feel angry and do not have anyone to talk about their problems to, which is why they are more likely to be abusive to anyone they get close with. Families who are confined or deserted are removed from benefits, caregiving opportunities and emotional support.- Inaccessible and unaffordable community services are also a factor to abandoned families. Which means no healthcare or unaffordable healthcare. Failure to provide supervision to children and elderly results to inaccessible daycare and nursing homes.

Individual and Family Factors- Family history of abuse and violence. Mothers and fathers that were abused as children are more likely to abuse their own children than mothers and fathers that have had no abuse as children. Not all moms and dads who has previously been abused, abuse their children, but the likelihood is greater. - Drug and alcohol abuse. Drugs and alcohol increase a persons aggression level and decrease brain activity, which impairs them from thinking about their decisions and consequences. - When a child or family is in poverty, it increases stress levels resulting more often than not, neglect and malnourishment which are forms of abuse.

Intimate partner violence and abuse

An intimate partner can be a boy/girlfriend, ex-wife/husband as well as a current or past common law partner. Intimate partner violence/abuse can be physical abuse, sexual assault and/or emotional abuse. The victim of intimate partner abuse can often feel as if it is their fault that the abuser is angry at them. There are health consequences associated with this form of violence and abuse such as injury, chronic pain, GI problems, sexually-transmitted diseases, anxiety and depression are only a few.On average, every six days a woman in Canada is killed by her intimate partner. In 2011, from the 89 police reported spousal homicides, 76 of the victims (over 85%) were women.Domestic violence is most likely to take place between 6 pm and 6 am.

Ted talk: domestic violence

Child abuse Child abuse is doing something that results in the child being sexually, physically or emotionally abused. Neglect is failing to provide the child with its everyday basic needs, and is also the highest form of child abuse. Most children suffer more emotional damage than physical. Children suffer from depression, having suicidal thoughts and withdrawal from life.

Elder abuseElder abuse is abuse that is physical, financial and neglect. Neglect to the elderly is not giving them healthcare, physician appointments, food to eat, good hygiene and isolation. There is a website where people trying to help the elderly, get pointers, can register for retirement home training. There is also a Senior Safety Line 1-866-299-1011. http://www.elderabuseontario.com/The victims of elder abuse are usually seniors who are incapable of making their own decisions. The younger people manipulate them, into giving them money (for example) and make them feel guilty if they do not help support the people coming in to visit them. The elderly are usually dependable on their abuser, which makes it harder for the senior to recognize when they are being abused. If they have a mental or physical disability, they are more likely to be abused.

Elder abuse article http://www.abc.net.au/news/2015-11-19/call-to-criminalise-financial-abuse-of-elderly/6954874

Preventing and responding to violence and abuse Primary prevention strategies A family violence prevention strategy that targets the general population is to change the media and take out gender roles. Make society see that men and women can be doing house work, a great paying job or staying at home with the kids. Another prevention strategy for abuse is making people aware of calming down exercises. Not just for adults when they are mad but also for children who need to learn how to control their anger

Secondary prevention strategies A prevention strategy that target groups that are at high risk for family violence would be counselling, awareness programs in the community so that both the surrounding society and people in the household know what they are looking for when it comes to abuse. Most people who are at high risk for family violence include the low income, parents who were abused as a child, isolated families, single parents, teen moms, people with a family history of depression or substance abuse.

Tertiary prevention strategiesA prevention strategy that targets families who have experienced family violence would be living in a shelter. There are many women and children's shelters around. There are 508 Canadian shelters. Some shelters give money or set up motel rooms for the abused men, because men are not allowed to step foot in a women and children's shelter. They also set up counselling and support services.

Sociological theoriesThe feminist theory states that men are dominant, strong, powerful over women and have more resources, and assets. Women are viewed as small, frail, discriminated against and are not able to compete on the same levels as a male. The male is seen as a king and the women are seen as his dog. A big leap in power. Intimate partner abuse can happen in a normal family situation, the abuse is not just subjected to broken people getting together.

referencesRoyal Canadian Mounted Police. (2012). Retrieved from http://www.rcmp-grc.gc.ca/cp-pc/spouse-epouse-abu-eng.htmWomens Health. (2015). Retrieved from http://womenshealth.gov/violence-against-women/types-of- violence/domestic-intimate-partner-violence.htmlStatistics Canada. Homicide in Canada. (2011). Retrieved from http://www.statcan.gc.ca/pub/85-002-x/2012001/article/11738-eng.pdfSteiner, L. (2012). Why domestic violence victims dont leave. Retrieved fromhttps://www.ted.com/talks/leslie_morgan_steiner_why_domestic_violence_victims_don_t_leave?language=en#t-560607Medline Plus. (2015). Child Abuse. Retrieved from https://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/childabuse.htmlHolmes, M., Mooney, L., Knox, D., Schacht, C. (2013). Understanding Social Problems: Family Problems Elder Abuse Ontario. (2015). Retrieved from http://www.elderabuseontario.com/ Domestic Violence. (2001). Retrieved from http://wost201h_domviol.tripod.com/groupactionproject/id4.html