This is a presentation made by Sarah and Summer at Urban ReThink about urban permaculture
- 1.Urban Permaculture "Turning space into place"
2. What is Permaculture? 3. What is Permaculture?
- "Design science rooted in observation of natural ecosystems that aid in designing human settlements that have the resilience of natural systems" - Penny Livingston Stark
- Catch/store energy- Gain yield
- Each element has multiple functions
- Creativity is an essential resource
4. "Urban permaculture is intensely social. Everything you do is within sight, sound, or touch of a neighbor...or an inspector." - Charlie Headington 5. Designing the Ecological Garden Observation:Getting to know thePlace
- - Location of Cardinal Directions
- - Where does water fall and flow
- - Soil composition (jar test)
- - Feel temperature changes, know microclimates !
- *what was or is currently growing?
- - Where is the traffic flow?
- - What goes on in you neighborhood?
- *construction restrictions
- - Resources available locally
- - Animals and potential pests
- - What do you see your space as?
- - What does your space need?
- *giving water back to aquifers
- *resilience, the ability to with standclimate change !
7. Visioning How can we incorporate Permaculture in an urban setting?
- What are yourlimitingfactors in an urban area?
- What are youropportunitiesin an urban area?
- What are our limiting factors in an urban area?
- What are our opportunities in an urban area?
- What do we need to liveregeneratively ?
- What do you need to live regeneratively ?
- -Recognize patterns, form follows function.
- EX: Branching allows the collection and flow of nutrientsthroughouta system.
12. Planning Think outside of the raised bed! 13. Planning
- Designing each element to have multiplefunctions.
- -Provide shade and protection to other plants
- -Design with convenience in mind.
- *Plants that are used most frequently close to thekitchen
- *Water source near garden
- *Appropriate pathways, to prevent compacting the soil.
- What do we need to design to obtain those goals?
- Making lists of plants, structures,functions, materials needed, etc.
15. Zoning Designing conveniently!
- Areas of your homestead that you visit most. Not based onsolelyproximity, mostly about convenience.
- EX: Seedlings, herbs, chicken coop, and compost.
- Also a frequented area, but more vegetables and things that do not need to be tended to daily.
- Usually areas of the homestead that do not need much management.
- EX: Fuit trees, nut trees, beekeeping, etc.
- More wild areas that are barely managed, used often times for resources.
- EX: Timber, bamboo for building materials, wells, etc.
- Unmanaged native lands. Allows for restoration of wild areas.
16. Zoning 17. Zoning for Urban Areas
- Usually in urban areas there is only enough room for zones 1-3. In order to include zones 4 and 5we must get creative. We need extend theboundariesof our own homes to include the community, and the resources available for us to share.
- Zone 1: Your everyday herbs, veggies, chickens,and kitchen scrap composting.
- Zone 2: Yard trimming compost, water catchment, solar, grey water system, etc. Zone 3: Fruit trees, nut trees, storage, bees, etc.
- Zone 4: Other fruit and nut trees, building supplies, firewood, etc.
- Zone 5: Native unmanaged lands for responsible recreational use.
18. Designing the Ecological Garden An overview...
- 1. Observation: Get to know your space
- 2. Visioning: How do you see you working for your space and your space working for you?
- 3. Planning: Connecting systems and functions
- 4. Development: How are you going to implement the design?
- 5. Implementation: Be flexible and DO IT!
19. Water Cycle "Without water there is no life"
- Where do we currently get our water from and where does it go?
- Water is pumped to our sinks, toilets, baths, laundry. Its used once then pumped back out to sewers, treated by St. Johns Water Management District then, "often times the treated wastewater is pumped to the St. Johns River for disposal." (SJWMD website)
- " Treated wastewater is the largest contributor of nutrient pollution in the lower St. Johns River." (SJWMD website)
- Don't forget about that rainwater we force into sewers with driveways, parking lots curbs and poor city design...that gets "treated" and pumped for disposal too!
20. Harvesting Rainwater
- How can we prevent our precious water from being turned into pollution?
- Keep it on our land as long as we can!
- Permaculture principle:Take resources out of the waste stream!
- How does nature store water?
- lakes, ponds, plants, air and soil
- By mimicking how nature stores water through multiple techniques that flow between each other, we can ensure water even through the driest months.
21. Harvesting Rainwater in ourSOIL
- Cheapest way to store and use rainwater!
- Healthy soil, rich inorganic mattercan hold rainwater like a sponge!
- Slow down runoff by creatingswaleson contours to keep water in the ground
- Storing water underground creates a reservoir that plants can use later on
- Water, which is life, creates more life!
22. 23. Harvesting Rainwater in ourPLANTS
- Grow plants that arenativeor havewater needssuited to our climate or createmicroclimates
- Arrange plants according to water needs
- Where is there a downspout?
- Where does water collect during a rain?
- "Let nature and gravity do your watering for you." -Toby Hemenway
- Densely packplants in to create shade
- shading soil reduces evaporation by 60%
- slows transpiration from plants' roots
24. Harvesting Rainwater byMULCHING
- Mimicking forest systems once again; no soil is barren, always covered by decomposing matter
- 2-4" layer of mulch,keeps ro