1. EVERYTHING YOU SHOULD KNOW ABOUT WHAT IS ECZEMA? Other Types Eczema is a general term for skin conditions that cause itching, rashes, dry skin, and swelling to affected areas. It is commonly referred to as dermatitis, and there are various forms and types. Atopic Dermatitis Neurodermatitis Nummular Dermatitis Seborrheic Dermetatits Stasis Dermatitis Contact Dermatitis Most cases have an outbreak before the age of 5. It is not contagious. Females are slightly more likely than males to get AD. It can be hereditary, and asthma and hay fever in the family mean higher risk. Location can increase risk for AD, and it is thought to have ties to polution. There are two types: Allergic Contact Dermatitis and Irritant Contact Dermatitis Most people get contact dermatitis at least once. It is the most common workplace illness. People who work with their hands such as construction, cosmotologists, and chefs are at higher risk. Eczema is common Possible Causes Depending on the type and severity of dermatitis, there are many things that can cause an outbreak. Here are some of the main causes and risk factors for an outbreak. Symptoms Itching Rashes Blisters Swelling Cracking Bumps Flaking Oozing Symptoms can be very uncomfortable, and most commonly affect the areas behind the knees, elbows, ears, hands, and neck. It is possible to suffer a few, or all symptoms in severe cases. Cold Weather Household Chemicals Synthetic Materials Pollution Dry Environment Sweat affecting 10% 25% of general population (31.6 million Americans) of all Dermatological patients and Most children outgrow eczema by age 6 Eczema in Children Eczema usually appears in early childhood (between 2-6 months of age) Family History momdad you A family history of eczema, asthma, or hay fever can mean a higher risk of developing eczema at some point. If both parents are affected, there is an 80% chance their offspring will inherit it. The Stress Factor Stress causes inflammation. This is an evolutionary reaction that is meant to protect the skin, but can cause unwanted outbreaks at times of high stress. Contact Dermatitis Irritant Allergic Contact dermatitis is the most common work place illness, and effects nearly everyone at some point in their life. Irritant contact dermatitis is caused by chemicals such as soaps, household cleaners, and other chemical based substances which form a rash on the skin. Allergic contact dermatitis is another type of contact dermatitis, which forms a rash caused by allergens. Poison ivy is an example of a common allergen that affects many people. Treatment Though many people outgrow eczema after infancy, there is no cure for chronic eczema. However, there are preventative treatments and measures that can be taken to help prevent outbreaks. Moisturize daily Wear soft fabrics Trim fingernails Consult with an allergy doctor or dermatologist Daily moisturizing will help prevent the skin from drying out and cracking. Wear soft fabrics such as cotton and avoid scratchy and rough fibers that can further irritate an already sensitive skin. Keep finger nails short and avoid scrathing when possible to prevent infection and irritation. There are numerous prescription skin treatments that can help, as well as allergy tests that can help to identify your triggers. Resources rivieraallergy.com http://eczema.org.au/ http://www.medicinenet.com/eczema_facts/article.htm http://kidshealth.org/teen/your_body/skin_stuff/eczema.html http://nationaleczema.org/eczema/ http://www.eczemacanada.ca/en/What-Is-Eczema?/Eczema-Myths-and-Facts http://irishskinfoundation.ie/skin-conditions/eczema-facts http://www.netdoctor.co.uk/skin_hair/eczema_index.shtml http://www.niams.nih.gov/health_info/atopic_dermatitis/atopic_dermatitis_ff.asp http://elidel-us.com/patient/facts-about-eczema.php http://www.webmd.com/skin-problems-and-treatments/eczema/treatment-11/ecz ema-diet http://www.rivieraallergy.com Click the link below for more on skin and allergy care!