Text of DVT, PE and Stroke: What's the Difference?
1. DVT, PE, Stroke: Whats the Difference?
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DVT stands for deep vein thrombosis (throm-BO-sis)
DVT is a condition in which a blood clot (thrombus) forms in a deep
vein inside the body, usually in the legs.
Clots can form in superficial veins and in deep veins. Blood clots
with inflammation in superficial veins (called superficial
thrombophlebitis or phlebitis) rarely cause serious problems. But
clots in deep veins (DVT) require immediate medical
4. DEEP VEINS
Veins in the extremities carry blood to the heart and lungs, where
the blood is oxygenated. As the blood returns to the heart from the
lungs, the arteries carry the oxygen-rich blood out to the body.
(From Medline Plus)
This slide shows a DVT in the thigh region (circled). (DVT = Deep
If part of a blood clot breaks off, it can travel through the
bloodstream to the lung and cause a pulmonary embolism
(PULL-mun-ary EM-bo-lizm), often referred to as a PE, which can be
DVT (i.e. a blood clot in a deep vein of the leg, pelvis, and
sometimes arm) does not cause heart attack or stroke.
(However, a blood clot in an artery, usually in the heart or brain,
is called arterial thrombosis. This type of blood clot can cause
heart attack or stroke.)
PE stands for pulmonary embolism (PULL-mun-ary EM-bo-lizm)
12. A PE is a sudden blockage in a lung artery.
13. The blockage usually is due to a blood clot that traveled
to the lung from a vein in the leg (i.e. a DVT).
14. A clot that forms in one part of the body and travels in
the bloodstream to another part of the body is called an embolus
15. PE is a very serious condition. It can damage the lungs and
other organs in the body and cause death.