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Vulnerability, Adaptation and Resilience Sept 2nd, 2014

Vulnerability, Adaptation and Resilience

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Presentation held by Emma Bowa, Care International, at the learning event the Community Based Adaptation and Resilience in East and Southern Africa’s Drylands, held in Addis Abeba, Ethiopia by Care International Adaptation Learning Program for Africa (ALP), The CGIAR research program on Climate change, Agriculture and Food Security (CCAFS) and African Insect Science for Food and Health (ICIPE)

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Page 1: Vulnerability, Adaptation and Resilience

Vulnerability, Adaptation and ResilienceSept 2nd, 2014

Page 2: Vulnerability, Adaptation and Resilience

‘Climate change affects us all, but it does not affect us all equally.

The poorest and most vulnerable – those who have done the least to contribute to global warming – are bearing the brunt of

the impact.’

UN Secretary General Ban Ki Moon

WWW.CARECLIMATECHANGE.ORG

Page 3: Vulnerability, Adaptation and Resilience

Community Based Adaptation Framework

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COMMUNITY-BASED ADAPTATION

Local adaptive & organisational capacity

Addressing underlying causes of

vulnerability

Disaster risk reduction

Climate-resilient

livelihoods

Influencing enabling policy environment

Climate Change knowledge

Risk and uncertainty

Page 4: Vulnerability, Adaptation and Resilience

Differential vulnerability: The role of social incl. gender dimensions

• Vulnerability to climate change: exposure, sensitivity and capacity also depend on roles, responsibilities, voice, access, control ... result of social relations

• Different groups within a community have different but complementary knowledge, capacities, experience

Page 5: Vulnerability, Adaptation and Resilience

Underlying causes of vulnerability• Asset base: ability to be proactive and innovate / take risks requires minimum

asset base strong differences e.g. land tenure, livestock, credit• Exclusion/ lack of voice: ethnic minorities, younger generations, or poor,

uneducated women lacking voice in decision-making on e.g. DRM, land use, development planning

• Access to information and training: language, generation and gender gaps in access to crucial information (weather, early warning, markets..)

• Labour division by gender group differential exposure and sensitivity to climatic hazards depending oncrops grown,livelihoods activities, time use

• Climatic shifts and social change: transitions in/ out oflivelihoods, changes in labour division, erosion of community safety nets

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Page 6: Vulnerability, Adaptation and Resilience

What can be done?

• Understand who is vulnerable to climate change and how they feel its impacts

• Recognise vulnerable people as owners of knowledge and agents of change

• Strengthen their capacity and empower them to adapt in different and complementary ways

• Support adaptation to the impacts of climate change at all levels

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Page 7: Vulnerability, Adaptation and Resilience

Some Points of Reflection

1. How do we really include the most vulnerable? 2. Is there more to addressing vulnerability than adding some members of

the various groups? 3. Is it enough to isolate them and do something ‘special’ with them, or

are there opportunities for more meaningful interaction and engagement more with others?

4. When is it most useful/ appropriate to focus on the ‘differences’ and how or look at how better or worse off; more less the groups have?

5. Is it enough to focus on just the supply, but not the demand or the impacts?

6. Is it useful to also look at the intra relations/ processes?7. How community based are the our community based approaches? 8. Are vulnerability assessments and gender assessments/ issues in

conflict with pastoralism? Can they co-exist?