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Narrat ive Theory

Narrative Theory (AS Media Studies)

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Narrative Theory

Vladimir Propp studied of folktales and found they contained eight character types and thirty one that move the story along .

The hero is prohibited from doing somethingThe villain learns something about the victimThe villain is punished etc.

Although not applying to all Teen Horror Films, it does apply in some ways to the film Halloween (1978) by having 3 of the 8 character types. - Villain: Michael Myers- Hero: Laurie Strode-Helper: Samuel Loomis

Propps Theory

Propps theory fits in with our genre idea for the opening sequence in that it:-Contains a few of the character types and-Follows some of the eventsOur characters consist of the Villain (Murderer), Hero (person who gets killed last), Princess (Victim of the murderer), False Hero (friend of Hero), Dispatcher (Police), Helper (Friends)Through the theme of Propps events:-Hero prohibited Person stopped from Vigilantism -Villain Learns - Finds out something about the princess which makes them angry and murderousOur idea fits in with a typical Teen horror movie and Propps Narrative theory through the types of character used and the events that happen throughout.

Propps Narrative Theory


Levi-Strauss suggested that binary oppositions are key to the meaning making in narrative he argued the constant creation of conflict and opposition propels narrative, and that narrative can only end on a resolution of conflictExamples of binary oppositions:-Good/Evil-Men/Women-Truth/Lies-Normal/Abnormal-Strong/Weak-Natural/Artificial-Young/Old-Light/DarkIt is important to note that we judge one half of each binary opposition in a more negative way; therefore the meanings of the binaries are ideological as they are culturally constructedThis applies to many films within the genre of Teen horror. The types of binary oppositions we see with the films are, Good/Evil, Men/Women, Truth/ Lies, Strong/Weak, Young/Old and Light/Dark.

Levi-Strausss Narrative Theory

Levi-Strausss theory fits in with our genre idea for the opening sequence in that it:-Judges one half of a binary composition in a negative way and-Contains more than one binary opposition. One of the main binary compositions in our opening sequence is Good/Evil. This fits in with our characters of the Hero (person who gets killed last), and the Villain (Murderer). A majority of viewers will be biased positively towards the Hero

Levi-Strausss Narrative Theory

Barthes enigma code was a theory putting forward the notion that media (whether it be film, television or texts) are to entice people and draw them in through a sense of mystery. The main aim of this is to get the audience asking questions. If, at the start of a film, for example, there is lots of out of focus images with a shallow depth of field. A murder mystery for example will usually have the murder happen at the start but the murderer will not be revealed until the end of the film. This allows us to ask the question who is the murderer? We can also come up with our own theories on who it is, this makes the film experience more exciting, engaging and audience orientated. The different codes are: -The Hermeneutic Code (HER)-The Proairetic Code (ACT)-The Semantic Code (SEM)-The Symbolic Code (SYM)-The Cultural Code (REF)Roland Barthes