Text of Intro to Permaculture Gold Coast Permaculture
1.Introduction to Urban Permaculture Gold Coast Permaculture WELCOME!
2. What is permaculture? Permanent agriculture Ecologically sound & Economically viable Provide for their own needs Sustainable in the long term Do not exploit or pollute 3. Permaculturedealswith: 4. Permaculture Design 5. Permaculture Ethics Care of the Earth Care of the people Share of surplus Moral beliefs and actions in relation to survival on our planet. 6. Care of the earth Care of all living & non living things: Soils & Athmosphere Species and their varieties Water, Forests & Animals Active conservation Ethical use of resources Working for useful & beneficial systems 7. Care of people Basic needs for: Food Shelter Education Satisfaying employment Convivial human contact 8. Fair Share Contribution of surplus: 1. Time 2. Money 3. Energy to achieve the aims of earth and people care. 9. Permaculture Principles Thinking tools that allow us to re design our environment and behaviour Design Principles Relative Location Multiple functions Multiple Elements Energy Efficient Planning Using Biological Resources Energy Cycling Small Scale Intensive Accelerating Succession Diversity Edge Awareness Attitudinal principles 10. 1. Relative Location We must put it in the right place Chicken Pen close house & garden Wind break Stop wind but not sun Worm farm close to kitchen Gravity for natural water flow 11. 1. Relative Location Working relationships between each element Inputs needed by one are supplied by other Outputs needed by one are used by other 12. 2. Multiple Functions Each element in the system should be chosen and placed so it performs as many functions. Pond in the backyard Habitat for birds 13. 2. Multiple Functions Water plants used as fertilizers 14. 3. Multiple Elements Basic needs such as: Water & Food Energy & Fire protection Should be served in two or more ways Dam near house in case of fire Moringa as a perennial food tree Water harvesting from roof into water tanks 15. 4. Efficient Energy Planning Zone Planning Placing elements according to how much we use them or how often we need to service them. 16. 4. Efficient Energy Planning Sector Planning Understanding the direction from which: sun, wind, fire and flood come helps in the placement of structures and vegetation. 17. 4. Efficient Energy Planning Slope Observe relative elevations to decide on the placements of: Dams & water tanks Drains, flood & flow diversions Place wastewater 18. 5. Using Biological Resorces Plants and animals do the work for us! Animal Tractors Umbelliferous & Composite Plants Natural fertilizers: Comfrey & Leguminous 19. 6. Energy Cycling Catch, store and use! Composting kitchen wastes Thermal mass Strawbale & Superadobe Natural BuildingLeaves raked for mulch 20. 7. Small-Scale Intensive System Fully develop the nucleus before going on! Time stacking 21. 8. Accelerating Succession and Evolution Raise organic levels artificially Plants that will easily survive Using what is already growing 22. 9. Diversity Functional connections between elements 23. 9. Diversity Guilds - Placement of species which benefit each other 24. 10. Edge Effects Productivity increases at the boundary between two ecologies. Resources from both systems can be used. Herb Spiral increase edge and micro climate Keyhole & Mandala Gardens 25. 11. Attitudinal Principles You dont have a snail infestation, you have a duck deficienty 26. 11. Attitudinal Principles Permaculture is not energy or capital intensive. Permaculture is information-intensive! If we take the time to read, observe, discuss and contemplate, we design systems which save energy and give us yields. WELCOME TO OUR URBAN PERMACULTURE COURSE! 27. Permaculture Ethics in our own lives Long-term consequences of your actions. Natives X Invasive species Intensive systems X Extensive systems Be diverse, polycultural for stability or change Bring food-growing back into the cities Promote community responsability Reafforest earth, restore fertility to the soil Recycle all wastes See solutions, not problems Work where it counts 28. Local Great Resorces Gold Coast Organic Growers Botanic Gardens Benowa Community Gardens GC Council Food Connect Brisbane Griffith Logan Refugee Community Garden Northey Street City Farm Brisbane Djanbung Gardens Nimbin Yandina Community Gardens Mudbrick Cottage Herb Farm