Australia’s National Landscapes, geotrails and geoparks are key places where geotourism is centre stage. Australia offers a big future for geotourism particularly given the emerging demand from overseas markets including China. Geotourism offers potential employment opportunities for geoscientists.
Text of Geotourism and Australia's National Landscapes
Geotourism and Australian NationalGeotourism and Australian National LandscapesLandscapes AESC 2014, Newcastle, 9AESC 2014, Newcastle, 9thth July 2014July 2014 Angus M Robinson and Ross K DowlingAngus M Robinson and Ross K Dowling
Todays AgendaTodays Agenda Landscapes, natural heritage & the environment What do we mean by geotourism? Iconic Geotourism Experiences Australias National Landscapes Geoparks and Geotrails Take Aways
Scenery and Geology - a 1938 MusingScenery and Geology - a 1938 Musing SceneryScenery depends on landland structurestructure - in other words, its geologygeology.. Everyone interested in the countrysidecountryside, how it has taken shape, why it presents us with the varied beauties of mountain and woodland, river valleys and fertile meadows, is, if often unconsciously, appreciating its geology.geology. A.E. Trueman Professor of Geology, Glascow University
Understanding Natural HeritageUnderstanding Natural Heritage Natural heritage is the legacy of natural objects and intangible attributes encompassing the countryside and naturalnatural environmentenvironment, including flora and fauna, scientifically known as BIODIVERSITYBIODIVERSITY, and geology, landforms and soil landscapes, i.e., i.e. GEODIVERSITYGEODIVERSITY..
Environment?Environment? The environment comprises the following:The environment comprises the following: 1.1. AAbioticbiotic non-living aspects such as the climate & non-living aspects such as the climate & geology e.g. landscape and landformsgeology e.g. landscape and landforms 2.2. BBioticiotic the living parts eg. fauna (animals) and flora the living parts eg. fauna (animals) and flora (plants)(plants) 3.3. CCulturalultural past & present, non-living & built past & present, non-living & built PartsParts B+CB+C are well interpreted within tourism, especiallyare well interpreted within tourism, especially through ecotourism and cultural tourism,through ecotourism and cultural tourism, butbut AA has typicallyhas typically not been addressednot been addressed
Key Concepts EcotourismKey Concepts Ecotourism According to Ecotourism Australia, ecotourism is ecologically sustainable tourismecologically sustainable tourism with a primary focus on experiencing natural areasexperiencing natural areas that fosters environmental and cultural understanding, appreciation and conservation. Ecotourism Australia believes that the ultimate definition of ecotourism is compliance with thecompliance with the core criteria stated within the Eco CertificationEco Certification Program.Program.
Understanding Geological Heritage (Geoheritage)Understanding Geological Heritage (Geoheritage) Geological heritage sites (geositesgeosites) are places which enable us to understand the composition of the earthcomposition of the earth, the internal and external processes that have shaped itprocesses that have shaped it and the evolving flora and faunaevolving flora and fauna that occupied it. Source: Adapted from Dr Susan White, AESC 2010Source: Adapted from Dr Susan White, AESC 2010
Geotourism National Geographic Society & theGeotourism National Geographic Society & the Travel Industry Association of America (1997)Travel Industry Association of America (1997) Geotourism is "best practice" tourism that sustains, or even enhances, the geographical character of a placegeographical character of a place, such as its culture, environment, heritage, and the well-being of its residents. Like ecotourism, geotourism promotes a virtuous circlegeotourism promotes a virtuous circle whereby tourism revenues provide a local incentive to protect what tourists are coming to see, but extends the principle beyond nature and ecology to incorporate allincorporate all characteristics that contribute to sense of placecharacteristics that contribute to sense of place. Geotourism incorporates sustainability principles,sustainability principles, but in addition to the do-no-harm ethic, geotourism focuses on thegeotourism focuses on the place as a whole.place as a whole.
Geotourism incorporatingGeotourism incorporating all types of place-based tourismall types of place-based tourism National Geographic PerspectiveNational Geographic Perspective Boley, B.B. after Thompson, S. 2009 Sightseeing Cuisine Agritourism Indigenous Tourism Heritage Tourism Cultural Tourism ECOTOURISM GeotourismGeotourism i.e. experientiali.e. experiential tourismtourism
Geotourism CharacteristicsGeotourism Characteristics Geological DefinitionGeological Definition 'Geotourism is sustainable tourism which focuses on an area's geology andgeology and landscapelandscape as the basis for providing visitor engagement, learning and enjoyment'.
Geotourism - asGeotourism - as oneone of the components of theof the components of the many types of place-based tourismmany types of place-based tourism Geological PerspectiveGeological Perspective Sightseeing Cuisine Agritourism Indigenous Tourism Heritage Tourism Cultural Tourism Ecotourism GeotourismGeotourism
Geotourism Potential MarketsGeotourism Potential Markets Tourism Industry ViewTourism Industry View ExperientialExperiential Domestic TravellersDomestic Travellers Geologists/Geomorphologists/SpeliologistsGeologists/Geomorphologists/Speliologists /Paleontologists/Paleontologists School GroupsSchool Groups ExperientialExperiential Overseas TravellersOverseas Travellers Geopark InterestsGeopark Interests
GSA GEOtouristsGSA GEOtourists FiveFive MostMost Important Travel PurposesImportant Travel Purposes 1.1. Increasing knowledgeIncreasing knowledge of geological sites and landforms. 2. To satisfy my curiosity.curiosity. 3. To have a memorable experiencememorable experience. 4. To obtain intellectual stimulationintellectual stimulation. 5. Visiting destinations offering a uniqueunique bundlebundle of features and attractions (i.e. ecology, geology, culture and history).
Geotourism Diversity of SitesGeotourism Diversity of Sites GeotourismGeotourism IconsIcons ((Inc National Landscapes)Inc National Landscapes) Mine SitesMine Sites National Parks/Reserves/National Parks/Reserves/ Urban ParksUrban Parks Geo-trailsGeo-trails Geo-sitesGeo-sites Geoparks/Geoparks/ PaleoParksPaleoParks Caves/Karst AreasCaves/Karst Areas Landforms WHAsWHAs
Iconic Sites forIconic Sites for GeotourismGeotourism GalapagosGalapagos, Ecuador Grand CanyonGrand Canyon, USA 16 National Landscapes16 National Landscapes, Australia GlobalGlobal GeoparksGeoparks
The Trail of Time Grand CanyonThe Trail of Time Grand Canyon The Trail of Time is the worlds largest geoscience exhibition at the worlds grandest geologic landscape It is a 4.56 km long trail marked at every meter with 1 mevery meter with 1 m = 1 million years= 1 million years of earths 4.56 billion year long geologic history It is also supported by an electronic Virtual Trail ofelectronic Virtual Trail of TimeTime
Branding Iconic Geotourism Branding Iconic Geotourism Ensuring a Memorable Experience!Ensuring a Memorable Experience!
Thick beds of shale and coal Permian 10 million barren years Tertiary basalt cap Triassic extinction event Blue Mountains
Australias National Landscapes ProgramAustralias National Landscapes Program Partnership between tourism and conservation that aims to: Promote world class, high qualityworld class, high quality visitor experiences Increase the value of tourism to regional economiesvalue of tourism to regional economies Enhance the role of protected areasrole of protected areas in those economies Build support for protecting our natural and cultural assetsprotecting our natural and cultural assets A long term strategic approach To differentiate AustraliasTo differentiate Australias iconic natural and culturaliconic natural and cultural destinations from anythingdestinations from anything else available in the worldelse available in the world.
Sydney HarbourSydney Harbour Photo: D.Finnegan/Offic