A SEMINAR ON UNDER WATER WINDMILL Presented by: Sandeep.L USN:4SM09ME043 Mechanical Engineering
INTRODUCTION What is it ??? An Underwater windmill like a device that extracts power from the tides. Renewable energy technologies are becoming an increasingly favourable alternative to conventional energy sources to assuage fossil fuel related issues. Tidal energy offers a vast and reliable energy source. This technology is similar to wind energy technology, with the rotor blades driven not by wind power but by tidal currents. The gravitational pull of the moon produces a swift tidal current, which spins the long blades of the turbine . Which in turn produces electricity via different parts of underwater windmill . This Energy derived from the moon that now helps to power a small arctic village.
NAME JUSTIFICATION Why it is called as underwater windmill ? "Basically it's like putting a windmill in the water," said Bjorn Bekken, a project manager for Hammerfest Strom. Or as its looking like a wind mill & are installed on the ocean floor and large river bed , that means these are under the water.
MAIN PARTS Turbines Gearbox Generator Cables support
PRINCIPLE OF OPERATION In simple a underwater windmill consists of a number of blades mounted on a hub (together known as the rotor), a gearbox, and a generator. The hydrodynamic effect of the flowing water past the blades causes the rotor to rotate, thus turning the generator to which the rotor is connected via a gearbox. The gearbox is used to convert the rotational speed of the rotor shaft to the desired output speed of the generator shaft. The electricity generated is transmitted to land through cables.
RELATED WORK The first tidal power station was the Rance tidal power plant built over a period of 6 years from 1960 to 1966 at La Rance, France. It has 240 MW installed capacity. 254 MW Sihwa Lake Tidal Power Plant in South Korea is the largest tidal power installation in the world. Construction was completed in 2011. The first in-stream tidal current generator in North America (Race Rocks Tidal Power Demonstration Project) was installed at Race Rocks on southern Vancouver Island in September 2006. The next phase in the development of this tidal current generator will be in Nova Scotia (Bay of Fundy).
IMPLIMENTATION The company Atlantis Resources is to install a 50MW tidal farm in the Gulf of Kutch on India's west coast, with construction starting early in 2012.The facility could be expanded to deliver more than 200MW. Projections indicate that the cost of the initial 50MW farm - to consist of 501MW turbines - will come in at about $150m. The current timescale has the project's final engineering plans completed by the end of this Year 2013.
FUTURE WORK The contract for an 812 MW tidal barrage near Ganghwa Island (South Korea) north-west of Incheon has been signed by Daewoo. Completion is planned for 2015. A 1,320 MW barrage built around islands west of Incheon is proposed by the South Korean government, with projected construction start in 2017. In New York City, 30 tidal turbines will be installed by Verdant Power in the East River by 2015 with a capacity of 1.05MW. The contract for an 812 MW tidal barrage near Ganghwa Island (South Korea) north- west of Incheon has been signed by Daewoo. Completion is planned for 2015. A 1,320 MW barrage built around islands west of Incheon is proposed by the South Korean government, with projected construction start in 2017.
ADVANTAGES: The advantages of under water windmill is much more than the disadvantages:- Uses Tidal energy ,which is a clean and renewable source of energy Have lesser impact on the environment Low running cost Long lifetime with little maintenance Reduces the dependence upon fossil fuels
DISADVANTAGES: The initial cost is too high Very difficult to install The blade must be coated to avoid corrosion Special type material must have to be used for blade
GLOBAL RESOURCES It is widely agreed that, tidal stream energy capacity could exceed 120GW globally . The UK has one of the largest marine energy resources in the world.
CONCLUSION Tides play a very important role in the formation of global climate as well as the ecosystems for ocean habitants. At the same time, tides are a substantial potential source of clean renewable energy for future human generations. Depleting oil reserves, the emission of greenhouse gases by burning coal, oil and other fossil fuels, as well as the accumulation of nuclear waste from nuclear reactors will inevitably force people to replace most of our traditional energy sources with renewable energy in the future . Tidal energy is one of the best candidates for this approaching revolution. Development of new, efficient, low-cost and environmentally friendly hydraulic energy converters suited to free-flow waters. This type of machine, moreover ,can be used not only for multi-megawatt tidal power farms but also for mini-power stations with turbines generating a few kilowatts. Such power stations can provide clean energy to small communities or even individual households located near continental shorelines, straits or on remote islands with strong tidal currents.
REFERENCES http://www.marineturbines.com/ http://www.renewable-solarenergy.com/tidal- energy-power.html International Energy Agency, World Energy Outlook 2007. Prandle, D., Simple theory for designing tidal power schemes, Advances in Water Resources, 1984. Sheth, S. and M. Shahidehpour, Tidal Energy in Electric Power Systems, in Power Engineering Society General Meeting, 2005. http://www.tidalenergyltd.com/technology.htm