Livable Streets Design

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Bicycle & Walking Audits

Livable Streets DesignWhat are the designs we are talking about? What does LS design mean to you = youve had some time to look at the materials, check out the posters.

What are some ideas. What are some things to consider1Common Livable Streets ElementsSidewalksBicycle facilities (lanes and routes)TrailsCrosswalksPaved shouldersCurb cutsTransit connectionsStreet trees

ConsiderationsSafetyComfortAccessibilityConvenience SpeedThe purpose of these audits is to identify concerns for bicyclists and pedestrians related to comfort, safety, access, convenience of the environment.

We can ID problem areas and consider possible solutions,

You will be experiencing the road environment in a number of ways: walking, wheelchair, bike, vision impairment3Vehicle Speed Most important factor in multi-modal users comfort and safety Roadway design determines speed (85th percentile)

85th % the speed at which or below 85% of vehicles travel4Pedestrian Safety and Speed

Low-stress highly tied to sense of safetyHigher speeds lead to higher risk of fatality or serious injury

People were killed in pedestrian/motor vehicle crashes in the US. So this problem is not unique to our region. Our transportation system since the mid20th century has been designed to move cars as quickly as possible in our rush to move people in the face of unprecedented growth. Weve been so focused on relieving congestion and reducing crashes that weve designed fast moving, urban arterials with few crosswalks capable of moving millions of cars at the expense of other modes 5Pedestrian Focus City and State

Source, Draft PSAP City of Saint Louis (2013)From 2008-2012 there 289 csevere injuries or fatalities among pedestriansThese numbers have earned us a spot on the Federal governments list of Focus cities, which identifies cities with the highest rates of pedestrian fatalities and severe crashes.

Focus cities and states receive special planning, special funding opportunities and attention from the federal government to help us solve this epidemic.

I am thrilled we are all here in this room to come together and contribute our time, expertise and resources to creating a solution for Saint Louis

its the minds in this room that have the power to change these statistics.


Source, Strong TownsIt is so important to protect the pedestrian BECAUSE EVERYBODY WALKS WE ARE ALL PEDESTRIANS

They are also the most vulnerable roadway user because they are the basis of not just our transportation system but our community. And we want a community where you dont have to be brave or a superhero to cross the street.

This is Peatonito the luche libre wrester superhero who defends the rights of pedesttrians in Mexico City


Livable Streets

Slow traffic, often congestedStorefrontsWide sidewalksComplexity

Usually- slow traffic, often wide sidewalks, sense of enclosure, lively street fronts.

All of these intersecting planning and design decisions can be summed up in the question- would I walk here with my children? Would I visiting family here to show off my town?

We have all heard the economic, health, and environmental benefits of Complete Streets- but we wont get those until we make GREAT Walking the first design principle. I dont want to underestimate the challenges of changing policy and standards. But, the important part is we can define what we need for streets to thrive without technical language, and without our various degrees and credentials. When we talk to the public and business owners about creating great places to walk, not just fulfilling the mandates of Complete Streets, we get a more welcoming reaction. 8Sidewalk Zones

Image: NACTO Urban Street Design GuideWidening sidewalks. 5 ft is the minimum for sidewalks but this is not the most welcoming space for pedestrians. Lets lead the example of wide, inviting sidewalks where we can socialize, fit restaurant patios, bus benches and still have space to walk.9Crosswalk Markings Lyubov ZuyevaInstalling crosswalks. Every time an intersection is repaving, rebuilt or redesigned, theres an opportunity to provide an inexpensive solution to increase safety. Providing pedestrians with a visible, highly reflective space for them to cross will increase the safety of all users. 10

What does this mean for St. Louis? One of the highest rates of pedestrian fatality and sever injury in the country.

These large urban arterials with low traffic allow even higher car speeds.

The distance between stoplights may be nearly a mile allowing for no safe crossing.

If a pedestrian does walk of a mile to the nearest intersection, they may not find a visible crosswalk.

Our transportation systems scale makes prioritizing and maintaining this infrastructure challenging.


How can build this walkable environment? I want you to think about the last time you were a pedestrian. What was your experience? Did you want some more time to cross the street, better lighting? Those visions of your ideal walking space can help guide your solutions.What might some of these solutions involve?12Traffic Calming Heather BowdenSlow things down. The difference between 25 and 35 MPH can mean the world to a pedestrian. Traffic calming solutions can involve narrowing or removing travel lanes, which is not always popular but dont be discouraged from doing it is so effective. Many muni require 11-12 feet ft wide 12 foot lanes have a great safety record on higway but havent shown safety or capacity advantage for wider lanes in slower areas like urban arterials But we support for the flexibility guidelines supported by the FHWA on lane width/ Increased density means a larger mix of people and travel modes which we need to accommodate for.13Safety & Comfort = Separation

What we are finding from national and local data is that the average person biking wants more separation from car traffic. Here are examples of some of the best complete streets from across the country that reach the 60%.

14Accessible to who?

how is this accessible?

Who does this appeal to?

15Livable Design

Removing a travel lane in each direction slows traffic and allows a high

quality raised cycle track to be implemented alongside a variety of other


16Peoria, Illinois

Existing conditions17Peoria, Illinois

Wider sidewalks, bulbouts, crosswalks, center safety strip

18Peoria, Illinois

Addition of street trees, pedestrian scale lamps

19Peoria, Illinois

Storefront renovation, increased pedestrian activity

20Thank you