Artificial intelligence 13cs041

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  1. 1. Presented By:MANIK BEHLROLL NO.13/CS/041
  2. 2. What is Artificial IntelligenceThe ability of adigital computeror computercontrolled robotto perform taskscommonlyassociated withintelligentbeings.
  3. 3. History of Artificial IntelligenceFast forward to 1935, when the earliestsubstantial work in this field was done byAlan Turing, a logician and computerpioneer. Turing Machine1951: Christopher Strachey wrote the firstsuccessful AI program Computer checkers program1956: John McCarthy coined the termArtificial Intelligence1963: ANALOGY, a program created byThomas Evans, proved that computers cansolve IQ test analogy problems
  4. 4. History of Artificial Intelligence1967: First successful knowledge-basedprogram in science and mathematics1972: SHRDLU created by Terry Winograd Robot arm responded to commands1987: Marvin Minsky publishes The Society ofMind, which portrays the brain as a series ofcooperating agents1997: A chess program, Deep Blue, beats thecurrent world chess champion, Gary Kasparov2000s: Interactive robot smart toys are madecommercially available
  5. 5. Where We Are Today? IBMs Watson Driver-less Transportation Automated Assembly Lines and Dangerous Jobs Surgery Aid Robots
  6. 6. IBMs Watson IBMs Watson is currently being put to work in healthcare and financeWatsons Capabilities: Natural language processing - to help understand the complexities ofunstructured data which makes up as much as 90% of the data in the world today Hypothesis generation and evaluation - by applying advanced analytics toweight and evaluate a panel of responses based on only relevant evidence Evidence-based learning - to improve based on outcomes to get smarter witheach iteration and interactionWatson in Medicine Watson can incorporate treatment guidelines, electronic medical record data,doctor's and nurse's notes, research, clinical studies, journal articles, and patientinformation in order to better inform the doctor of a proper diagnosisWatson in Finance capable of performing deep content analysis and evidence-based reasoning toaccelerate and improve decisions, reduce operational costs, and optimizeoutcomes.
  7. 7. Driverless Transport Google has been investing in a driverless car, and has completed over480,000 autonomous-driving miles accident-free. Through the use of cameras, sensors and special software built intovehicles manufacturers have been able to build cars that park themselvesat the touch of a button. Driverless trains carry passengers from city to city in Japan without theneed for human help. Googles driverless car relies on lasers and sensors to spot obstacles,interpret signs and interact with traffic and pedestrians. Artificial intelligence takes away the responsibility from the drivers, andalso eliminates the danger of distracted driving and boasts a reactiontime much faster than that of any human.
  8. 8. Surgical Aid Robots Cedars-Sinai Medical Center relies on special software to examine theheart and stop heart attacks before they occur Artificial muscles feature smart technology that allows them to functionmore like real muscles. Penelope, a Robotic Surgery Assistant developed at Columbia Universitycan not only pass the correct tools to doctors, but also keep track of thesetools and learn about a doctor's preferences through artificialintelligence. The most advanced surgical robots are programmed to perform theentire surgery on their own, except for the suturing or the cutting. Inthese operations, a surgeon stands by just in case something goes wrong. Miniature intelligent robots are being developed for eye surgeries.
  9. 9. Automated Assembly Lines andDangerous Jobs Some countries have put smart robots to work disabling land mines andhandling radioactive materials in order to limit the risk to human workers. Ford is using an Artificial Intelligence based approach for vehicleassembly process planning, ergonomics analysis, and a system that usesmachine translation to translate assembly-build instructions for assemblyplants that don't use English. Other Companies such as GM have developed robots with ArtificialIntelligence techniques to inspect cars made by humans
  10. 10. Next Generation Traffic Control Artificial Intelligence in traffic lights seeks toimprove the efficiency of traffic flow, henceimproving road space utilization, reducingjourney times and potentially, improving fuelefficiency, as well as reducing the impact ofcars on the road. In the future, they want to create a trafficcontrol system that thinks like a human indirecting traffic. We can consider a future where all vehiclesare equipped with Wi-Fi and GPS and cantransmit their positions to signalizedjunctions. This opens the way to the use ofartificial intelligence approaches to trafficcontrol such as machine learning."
  11. 11. Future of A.I.2050: Estimated date of the emergence ofthe Singularity, or greater-than-humansuper-intelligence.At this point, its thought that certainmachines will exceed the human brain interms of intelligenceIts believed that this breakthrough will leadto a rapid advancement in technology, assuper intelligent A.I. designs new computersand machines at a rate no human could
  12. 12. Strong A.I.Strong A.I. is intelligence thatmatches or exceeds that of humanintelligenceUltimate goal of A.I. researchWeak A.I. is narrow/more focusedthan strong A.I.Whole Brain emulation- Mappingand re-creating the human brainthrough neuro- imaging
  13. 13. ComparisonArtificial IntelligenceNon CreativePreciseConsistencyMultitaskingNatural IntelligenceCreativeMay Contain ErrorNon ConsistentCant Handle
  14. 14. ADVANTAGES OF AIThe main advantages of AI is high speed, great efficiency, accuracy, make taskvery easy & use in robotics.There are many advantages in different field areas like medical communicationscience, military application & also in the defense system.
  15. 15. Drawbacks of A.ILimited AbilitySlow Real Time ResponseCant Handle EmergencysituationDifficult codeHigh Cost
  16. 16. CONCLUSIONArtificial Intelligence is the science andengineering of making intelligent machines,especially intelligent computer programs.Thus AI is the branch of the science whichgenerally involves borrowing characteristic fromhuman intelligence and apply them as algorithmsin a computer.
  17. 17. Referenceshttp://www-03.ibm.com/innovation/us/watson/index.shtmlhttp://googleblog.blogspot.hu/2012/08/the-self-driving-car-logs-more-miles-on.htmlhttp://Google_driverless_car/artificialintelligence.htmlhttp://dsc.discovery.com/tv-shows/curiosity/topics/ways-artificial-intelligence-will-affect-our-lives.htmlhttp://curiosity.discovery.com/question/robots-perform-surgeryhttp://www.columbiasurgery.org/news/si/2005_penelope.htmlhttp://www.futureforall.org/ai/artificial_intelligence.htmhttp://aitopics.net/BriefHistoryhttp://www.cs.washington.edu/education/courses/csep590/06au/projects/history-ai.pdfhttp://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/37146/artificial-intelligence-AI