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Page 1: 19 diesel engines

mu

Page 2: 19 diesel engines

A slow speed or medium speed

Diesel engine is a

high pressure propulsion plant

with internal combustion.

Page 3: 19 diesel engines

s

In a V-engine the cylinders are placed in an oblique (or bevel)

position, unlike the in-line engine, where the cylinders are

placed “in line”.

V-engine

In-line

engine

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Page 5: 19 diesel engines

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Page 6: 19 diesel engines

The cylinder is filled

with air.

S

During the

compression stroke

the air in the cylinder

is compressed.

Page 7: 19 diesel engines

The atomizer (1)

sprays the fuel into

the cylinder.

The nozzle

divides the fuel into

small particles.

1

S

atomizer

Tip of the atomizer

(nozzle).

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During the

power stroke the

fuel is injected and

burnt.

This actuates the

piston (1) and

connecting rod (2).

1

2

Page 9: 19 diesel engines

The piston makes a

reciprocating motion.

Piston

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The piston pin (1)

and the

crank pin (2)

are connected to

each other

by the

connecting rod (3).

S

1

2

3

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The crank (1)

is connected to

the crankshaft (2).

S

1

2

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The crank

changes the

reciprocating motion

of the piston into a

rotary motion

of the crank shaft .

Page 13: 19 diesel engines

Gearwheels

to drive the

camshaft (1)

are driven by chains (2)

(“chaindrive”).

S

1

2 camshaft

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The campeak (1)

is fixed to the

camshaft (2).

S

2

1

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The push rod (1)

may be used as a

distance piece

between campeak (2)

and rocker arm (3).

s

1

2

3

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The exhaust valve (1)

is actuated (opened)

by the

rocking lever (2)

(rocker arm).

1 1 2

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The exhaust valve (1)

is actuated (closed)

by the

exhaust valve spring (2).

1 2

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The scavenging air

manifold (1)

and

scavenging ports (2)

supply the

scavenging air

to remove the

exhaust gases.

1 2

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SCAVENGING SYSTEMS

CROSS

SCAVENGING

LOOP

SCAVENGING UNIFLOW

SCAVENGING

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The cylinder liner (1)

and cylinder jacket (2)

form the cylinder wall.

1 2

Cooling the cylinder:

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A coolant (fresh water)

is injected between

liner and jacket

to cool the cylinder.

s

Cooling the cylinder:

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Cooling the piston:

The advantages of oil as

a coolant are:

. it reduces noise;

. it purifies;

. it forms a seal;

. it lubricates;

. it is anti-corrosive;

. it has a higher resistance

to heat.

The piston is cooled by oil.

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SO

The piston rings (1)

form a seal around the

cylinder and

carry away the heat. 1

Piston rings

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S S

SUCTION STROKE

During the

air induction stroke

(or inlet stroke,

or suction stroke)

air is drawn into

the cylinder.

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COMPRESSION

STROKE

During the

compression stroke

the air in the cylinder

is compressed.

Page 27: 19 diesel engines

S

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POWER STROKE.

During the

power stroke

fuel is injected

and burnt.

Page 28: 19 diesel engines

S S

EXHAUST STROKE

During the

exhaust stroke

the exhaust gases are

driven out of

the cylinder by

the piston.

Page 29: 19 diesel engines

C P.C. van Kluijven

SHIPPING AND TRANSPORT COLLEGE ROTTERDAM