When you publish a journal article, you sign a copyright agreement. Do you know what you’re agreeing to when you sign it? Different journals have different policies: Some journals require you to relinquish your copyright. (You then have to ask permission or even pay to share your article with students and colleagues!) Some journals allow you to retain some rights (e.g., the right to post online). Some journals leave copyright in your hands. (You simply give the journal a non-exclusive license to publish the article.) How can you find out a journal’s policy? How can you negotiate your contract to make the most of your rights as a scholar, researcher, and author? Come learn how to preserve your rights to reproduce, distribute, and display the work you create.
- 1. You Know What You Write,But Do You Know Your Rights?Understanding and ProtectingYour Rights As an AuthorJill Cirasellajcirasella@gc.cuny.eduThe Graduate Center, CUNYSlides at: http://tinyurl.com/GCauthorsrights
2. Sign here!http://youtu.be/GMIY_4t-DR0 3. Do authors WANT to give upall of their rights to their work? 4. Do authors HAVE to give upall of their rights to their work? 5. Three Kinds of Journals1) Traditional Toll Access JournalsSubscription-based journals that requireauthors to transfer copyright to the journal,which then has exclusive rights to the article. 6. Three Kinds of Journals2) Gold Open Access JournalsJournals that automatically and immediately maketheir articles available online to all at no cost.(There are a variety of business models,but the articles are always free to read.)Gold OA journals do not take copyright.They use Creative Commons licenses instead. 7. Three Kinds of Journals3) Green Open Access JournalsTraditional, subscription-based journals that permitauthors to self-archive their articles in OA repositories.In general, Green OA journals do take copyright,but give back some rights to the author. 8. Is a Journal Green OA? Ugh 9. Is a Journal Green OA? Easier!SHERPA/RoMEOhttp://www.sherpa.ac.uk/romeo/Search by journal/publisher to learnits copyright and self-archiving policies 10. Very Good... 11. Quite Good... 12. Not Great... 13. Very Bad... 14. Prevalence of Permission?Among PublishersSHERPA/RoMEO covers 1696 publishers as of October 2014.74% allow some form of self-archiving.For more information:http://www.sherpa.ac.uk/romeo/statistics.php 15. Prevalence of Permission?Among JournalsOf the 18,000+ journals covered by SHERPA/RoMEO in Nov. 2011: 87% allow immediate self-archiving of some version of article 60% allow immediate self-archiving of post-refereed version 16% allow immediate self-archiving of published PDF Allowing for embargoes (usually 6 to 24 months), 94% allowself-archiving of post-refereed versionsFor more information:http://romeo.jiscinvolve.org/wp/2011/11/24/ 16. Beyond SHERPA/RoMEOTheres more to a copyright agreementthan self-archiving policies!Sometimes you need to readthe contract itself. 17. Comparison of Copyright AgreementsBioMed Centralvs.JAMAvs.Journal of Library Innovationvs.Wiley-Blackwell 18. Creative Commons LicensesMany OA works have Creative Commons (CC) licenses,which grant the public permission to use the workin more ways than traditional copyright allows. 19. Making Sense of CC Licenses 20. Making Sense of CC LicensesKeep some rights or waive all interests? 21. Making Sense of CC Licenses 22. OASPA Favors CC-BYhttp://oaspa.org/why-cc-by/ 23. Voluntary vs. Mandated Green OAA growing number of institutions have policies to ensurethat faculty and staff articles become green OA.Some publishers are now trying to makedifferent rules for voluntary self-archivingand policy-mandated self-archiving:You may self-archive if you wish but not if you must. 24. Voluntary vs. Mandated Green OAExample #1: EmeraldEmerald supports authors' voluntary deposit of their own work.Once an article has been published by Emerald, an author mayvoluntarily post their own version of the articlewith no paymentor embargo period.If a mandate is in place but funding is not available to pay anAPC, you may deposit the post-print of your article into a subjector institutional repository and your funder's research catalogue 24months after official publication. 25. Voluntary vs. Mandated Green OAExample #2: ElsevierElsevier believes that individual authors should be able todistribute their [accepted author manuscript] for their personalvoluntary needs and interestsdeposit in, or posting to, subject-oriented or centralizedrepositories (such as PubMed Central), or institutional repositorieswith systematic posting mandates is permitted only under specificagreements between Elsevier and the repository, agency orinstitution 26. Can I Negotiate My Contract?Sometimes.Your best shot is theScholars Copyright Addendum Engine:http://scholars.sciencecommons.org/ 27. Suppose you have the right toself-archive your article.Where can you self-archive?Where should you self-archive? 28. Where to Self-Archive?Subject RepositoriesarXiv.orgPubMed CentralResearch Papers in Economics (RePEc)Social Science Research Network (SSRN)Curious if there's a repository for a certain field?http://oad.simmons.edu/oadwiki/Disciplinary_repositoriesNote: Not every field has a subject repository. 29. Where to Self-Archive?Institutional RepositoriesAn institutional repository (IR) is an online databaseoffered by an institution to collect, preserve, and makefreely available scholarly journal articles and other workscreated by that institutions community.Of course, self-archiving in an institutional repositoryis possible only at institutions with a repository. 30. Where to Self-Archive?Subject- and Institution-Independent SitesResearchGate.netAcademia.eduPersonal WebsitesA good step in the direction of green OA,but not permanent and thereforenot the best option! 31. Good News!CUNY is getting an institutional repository very soon!(More precisely, each campus is getting its own IR.)The Graduate Center already has its repository!Graduate Center Academic Workshttp://works.gc.cuny.edu 32. Good News! 33. Good News!Graduate Center FacultyYou can start submitting now!(Talk to me if interested.)Graduate Center StudentsAs of 2014, all dissertations & theses go into the IR,with an optional embargo period before going OA.Soon, youll also be able to submit other works.Other CUNY FacultyLook for your campuss IR in 2015! 34. Advice to Authors1. Research any journal/publisher youre considering.(Quality? Peer reviewing process? Copyright policy?)2. If you have the right to self-archive, exercise that right.1. If you dont have the right to self-archive, request it.1. Choose the best publishing venue for you and your career2. but also think about the system youre contributing to and thesystem you want to contribute to.Know your rights to what you write! 35. CreditsThis slideshow is licensed under aCreative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported License.Specific graphics may have different licenses.What Is the Problem? graphic,content by Jill Cirasella / graphic design by Les LaRue,licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License 36. Thank you!Questions?Jill Cirasellajcirasella@gc.cuny.eduThe Graduate Center, CUNYSlides at: http://tinyurl.com/GCauthorsrights