Wonders of the ancient and modern world4

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  • 1. Wonders of the Ancient and Modern World

2. What is a wonder? What wonders of the world do you know? What do you know about them? Have you visited any of them? In cooperative group make a list of your 7wonders of the Modern World by Eva Hugas 3. TheSevenndersof theWo orldAn cient WThe Seven Wonders of the AncientWorld areconsidered thegreatest monuments of all time.Of the original seven the GreatPyramid of Giza is the only oneof the group still standing today.by Eva Hugas 4. wT?kno he AncientDid youof the Greekslovedwonderf to make ul struct lworld. At the timures in t ists differente there w heir lists ma ere a lotwriters. de by dif offerent G reekSince the Greeks made the lists manymonuments on them were examples ofGreek culture. The writers might have listedthe Great Wall of China or Stonehenge but theyhadnt visited them. Not all theSeven Wo time. Evennders exisif you lived ted at thehave still n in ancientsame eeded a timtimes you e machinewouldto see all s even.by Eva Hugas 5. by Eva Hugas 6. Gizas three pyramids and the Sphinx were constructed in the fourth dynasty of Egypts OldKingdom, the first great civilization on earth.Today it is still a mystery how did the Egyptians achieve to construct these huge pyramids. ManyEgyptologists agree that they used ramps and ropes.Gizas pyramids are oriented to face the four cardinal directions: true north, south, east, and west.Their entrances are all on the north side, and the temples of the pyramids are on the east side The great pyramid of Gizaby Eva Hugas 7. The hanging gardens of BabylonThe hanging gardens of Babylon were builtby king Nebuchadnezzar because his wifewas homesick. The land she came from wasgreen and mountainous, and she found the flatterrain of Mesopotamia depressing. The kingdecided to recreate her homeland by building anartificial mountain with rooftop gardens. by Eva Hugas 8. The statue of Zeus atOlympiaThe Greeks considered that the templeofZeus needed a huge statue. Phidias, afamous sculptor of the time did the work. Heneeded 12 years to complete the project.The statue was 22 feet wide and more than40 feet tall.Zeus sat on a throne made of gold, ebony,ivory and inlaid with precious stones. Carvedinto the chair were figures of Greek gods andmystical animals, including the half man/halflion sphinx.In his right hand the statue held the figure ofNike (the goddess of victory) and in its leftwas a scepter which had an eagle at its top.Zeus skin was composed of ivory and thebeard, hair and robe of gold. by Eva Hugas 9. The Ephesus goddess Artemis, sometimes called Diana, is not the same figureworshiped in Greece. The Greek Artemis was the goddess of the hunt. The EphesusArtemis was a goddess of fertility. She was pictured with eggs , symbols of fertility.of ArtemisT empleQuick FactsLocation: Ephesus (Present day Turkey)Built: Around 323 BC Destroyed: 262 AD byGoths Size: Length 425 ft. (129m)Made of: Mostly marble 10. Quick FactsLocation:Halicarnassus(ModernTurkey)Built: Around 350 B.C.Function:Tomb for the City King,MausolusDestroyed: Damaged by earthquakesin 13th century A.D. . Finaldestruction by Crusaders in 1522 A.D.Size: 140 feet (43m) high. Madeof: White MarbleIn 353 B.C. Mausolusdied. His wife Artemisia,who was also his sister,decided to build him themost splendid tomb in theknown world.by Eva Hugas Mausoleum at Halicarnassus 11. The Colossus of Rhodes The island of Rhodes was an important economic center in Ancient times. After a great war in the 3rd century BC, to celebrate their victory and freedomthe people of Rhodes decided to built a giant statue of bronze of their patron god Helios. Its construction took 12 years. The actual Statue of the Liberty, a gift from France to America, is the echo of the original Colossus.by Eva Hugas 12. The story of the Pharos starts with the founding of the city of Alexandria by the Macedonian conqueror Alexander the Great in 332 B.C.. Alexander started at least 17 cities named Alexandria at different locations in his vast domain. Most of them disappeared, but Alexandria in Egypt continues even today. Alexander died soon after in 323 B.C. and the city was completed by Ptolemy Soter the new ruler of Egypt. Under Ptolemy the city became rich and prosperous. However, it needed both a symbol and a mechanism to guide the many trade ships into the busy harbour. Ptolemy authorized the building of the Pharos in 290 B.C., and when it was completed some twenty years later, it was the first lighthouse in the world and the tallest building in existence, with the exception of the Great Pyramid.The lighthouse of Alexandriaby Eva Hugas 13. by Eva Hugas 14. by Eva Hugas 15. TAJ MAHALIt is a white marble mausuleum built by an Indian emperor in Agra to honour thememory of his wife. The construction began around 1632.by Eva Hugas 16. Chichn Itz is possibly the most famous temple city ofthe Mayas, a civilization that lived in present day Central CHICHEN ITZAAmerica. It was the political and religious center of Mayacivilization during the period from A.D. 750 to 1200.At the citys heart lies the Temple of Kukulkanwhichrises to a height of 24 meter. Each of its four sides has91 stepsone step for each day of the year, with the365th day represented by the platform on the top. by Eva Hugas 17. Christ, the RedemeerIt is a statue of Jesus Christ in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. It is considered the largest ArtDeco statue in the world and the 5th largest statue of Jesus in the world. It is 39.6metres tall and 30 metres wide. It was constructed between 1922 and 1931.by Eva Hugas 18. THE COLOSSEUMThe Colosseum, or the Coliseum is an elliptical amphitheatre in the centre of the city ofRome, Italy and is the largest ever built in the Roman Empire. It is considered one of thegreatest works of Roman architecture and Roman engineering. It was used for gladiatorbattles and public spectacles and 50,000 people could sit there.Its construction started in 72 AD under the emperor Vespasian.by Eva Hugas 19. Machu Picchu is a 15th-century Inca site located 2,430 metres above sea level. It is located in the Cusco Region of Peru. Machu Picchu was built in the classical Inca style, with polished dry-stone walls. It has become an important tourist attraction. Most of the its buildings have been reconstructed .MACHU PICCHUby Eva Hugas 20. GREAT WALL OF CHINAConstructed between the fifth centuryB.C. and the 16th century to keep outinvading Mongol tribes, the Great Wallis the worlds longest human-madestructure (over 6,400 kilometers). by Eva Hugas 21. PETRA, JORDANPetra is famous for its many stone structures such as a 42-meter-tall temple carvedwith classical facades into rose-colored rock. The ancient city also included tunnels,water chambers, and an amphitheater, which held 4,000 people. by Eva Hugas 22. MoreWonders of the Past 23. Can you indentify these wonders? 24. StonehengeThe experts believeStonehenge was a likeacemetery whereancient Britons buriedthedeadandrememberedtheirancestors. h owthe new ly found village s es made aroundmuchRecent discoverind alonebut was part of athat Stone henge didnt stabigger religious site.0hzpqg.bbc.co .uk/cbbc/clips/p0 Stone agesong: http://wwwsfor kids Enlla pel moo dle: socialstudie /stone s.com/articles/worldhistory http://www.so cialstudiesforkidtmhengemystery.h 25. TutankhamunsTreasuresIn 1922 the discovery of the intact tomb of Tutankhamun became probably the bestknown and most spectacular archaeological find anywhere in the world.The small tomb contained hundreds of objects, many richly decorated and covered ingold. 26. Easter Island StatuesWhy did the people of Easter Island make all these statues? Why did they clear lots of good farmland so they could drag the giant stones through it on the way to the sentinel positions?http://www.kidzworld.com/article/11395-easter-island# 27. or Wat3D ANGKOR WAT ANIMATION An g kIn the 13th century Greater Angkor was the most extensive urbancomplex inthe preindustrial world. It was built as a spiritual home for the Hindu god Vishnu. Now is the most famous of all Cambodias temples.In 1860 a French naturalist, Alexander-Henri Mouhot visited theruins of Angkor.Publications of his drawings and journals began the rediscoveryof Angkor by the Western World. 28. The TheAlhambra isaAlhambramonument with fourdifferentzones:the Palaces, the militaryzone or Alcazaba, thecity or Medina, and thevilla of the Generalife. It was created by differentcultures: The Muslim,the Renaissance or theRomantic culture overmore than six hundredyears 29. Can you name other worldwonders?In pairs think of another world wonder. Tellyou teacher about it, look for information,make a multimedia presentation andexplain your wonder to us!!