Visual communication and photography

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Visual communication and photography

Text of Visual communication and photography

  • 1. I really believe there are things which nobody would see unless I photographed them. Diane Arbus 19231971 ART DIRECTOR, EDUCATOR , PHOTOGRAPHER

2. Prepared by Danielle Oser, APR 3. 4. The man who coined the word "photography" was John Herschel. 5. 6. The Migrant Mother, a stunning portrait of a migrant worker and her children during the Great Depression Taken by Dorothea Lange 7. Dorothea Lange After working for the FSA, Dorothea Lange went on to work for Life magazine. 8. The photographer for "The Migrant Mother" photograph used stage managing which is a technique that would be considered unethical today. 9. 32-years old Nipomo, CA Camp 10. Is Thompson worried about the future, or wishing Lange would leave? 11. John Steinbeck was inspired to write The Grapes of Wrath after seeing Dorothea Langes photograph of the Migrant Mother. 12. 13. Abu Ali al-Hasan ibn al-Haytham is considered the founder of modern optics. 14. 15. Nine Main Photographic Processes 16. Photographs made using the heliography process required an exposure time of about eight hours. The photographic process that only produced one lasting example in its entire history was the heliograph. Joseph Nipce is considered the founder of photography 17. The First Photograph, C. 1826 18. Positive, one-of-a-kind portraits are called daguerreotypes 19. William Henry Fox Talbot developed the calotype process which is the foundation for modern photography. 20. First book with photographs included 21. The photographic process that required photographers to coat a glass plate with light-sensitive emulsion in the dark, load and take the picture, and then immediately develop the image was wet collodion. 22. Matthew Brady Photograph Of Lincoln 23. The Scottish scientist James Clerk Maxwell invented a color slide process 24. Gelatin-bromide And Richard Maddox 25. The photographic process that sparked amateur photography and motion pictures was gelatin bromide 26. Holography was developed by Dennis Gabor to improve the sharpness of views obtained with an electron microscope. 27. Instant And Edwin Land 28. 29. 30. http: // 31. Digital 32. The charge-coupled device (CCD) is used to convert electronic analog signals into digital values. 33. Technical Perspective 34. Professional photographers often prefer fixed-focal lenses over zoom lenses 35. Wide Angle 36. --- t Wide Angle 37. Telephoto 38. The distance between the nearest and farthest objects in a scene that appear acceptably sharp in an image. 39. Small Lens Opening (Aperture) 40. Large Lens Opening 41. Fast Shutter Speed 42. Slow Shutter Speed 43. Available Light 44. Photographing a flower without using a flash uses the available lighting technique. 45. Electronic Flash 46. Proper Exposure 47. Image Quality A picture is considered properly exposed if it shows detail in the shadow and light areas 48. High Dynamic Range Imaging (Hdr) 49. Ethical Perspective 50. Victims Of Violence 51. Nick Ut 52. Napalm by Banksy 53. John Filo 54. Generally speaking, celebrities have fewer rights to privacy than ordinary citizens 55. Hippolyte Bayard 1st Manipulated Photo in the history of the medium 56. Retouching the photograph of O. J. Simpson's police mug shot to make him look more threatening is an example of manipulation. 57. sh_soldier_in_basra/ 58. During the early 1980s, many magazines and newspapers began to use digital imaging devices to manipulate photographs. One of the earliest high-profile instances of digital photo alteration appeared on the February 1982 cover of National Geographic (top), which showed a camel train walking in front of the Pyramids of Giza. Readers weren't informed that the pyramids had been moved slightly closer together, in order to fit the vertical format of the cover. No one might have noticed if the photographer, Gordon Gahan, hadn't complained. It then became a source of major controversy. Sheila Reaves, a journalism professor at the University of Wisconsin has speculated that, "The enormity of moving such a large object brought home to people that you can move a shoulder or a smile." Less remarked upon was that the photo was also staged. The camel train had walked by while Gahan was setting up his equipment. He paid them to walk by again. Bottom: another shot of the pyramids from the same photo shoot by Gahan. In this photo, the pyramids haven't been moved. e_of_the_moving_pyramids/ 59. Cultural Perspective 60. Portraitist 61. .d iane arb us. 62. Annie Leibovitz 63. Jacob Riis 64. Lewis Hine 65. Mary Ellen Mark Mary Ellen Mark 66. Greg Constantine 67. Trends to Watch 68. Still Images Used In Polling 69. 70. 71. 72. Critical Perspective 73. Images Persuade And Educate