The Roman Empire
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- 1. The Roman Empire College English 10Walker
2. A Brief History
- The founding of Rome goes back to the very early days of civilization.
- So old, known as 'the eternal city'.
- Romans believed that city was founded in 753 BC.
- Modern historians believe it was 625 BC.
- Early Romegoverned by kings , but after only seven ruled, Romans took power over own city and ruled themselves
- They had acouncilknown as the'senate'which ruled over them
- From this point on note as the 'Roman Republic'.
- The word'Republic'comes from the Latin(the language of the Romans)words' res publica '
- meaning 'public matters' or 'matters of state
4. The Senate
- Job was to advise the kings
- appointed aconsul(head guy),who ruled Rome like a king, but only for one year
- wise idea, because the consul ruled carefully and not as a tyrant, for he knew he could be punished by the next consul, once his year was up.
A speech in the Romansenate 5. Four Classes of People
- They had no rights at all.
- They had little say at all.
- EQUESTRIANS: AKA- 'knights'
- They were given a horse to ride if they were called to fight for Rome.
- All the real power in Rome lay here
6. Julius Caesar Facts
- Rome's most famous citizen
- Roman politician and general
- conquered the vast territory of the Gauls to the north of his province in France
- In the year 49 BC crossed the river between his province and Italy, called the river Rubicon, and conquered Rome itself which he then ruled as a dictator.
- His military campaigns also took him to Egypt where he met the famous Cleopatra. His life was ended as he was infamously murdered in the senate in Rome.
- A month of the year is still named after him and his heirs today, July(afterJuliusCaesar)
- Shakespeare wrote a famous play calledJulius Caesarabout his famous murder(yes- well be reading this!)
7. Map of Ancient Rome Colosseum Circus Maximus Forum of Julius Caesar 8. Colosseum
- The Colosseum was begun by Vespasian was finished by Titus in AD 80.
- could contain an audience of between 45'000 and 50'000 spectators.
9. The Colosseum : The arena area today as seen from the second level up over the present main entrance 10. Circus Maximus
- Its basic facilities appear to date back as far as 329 BC
- Today nothing really remains but the large space, cleared of any modern buildings in the 1930's
- once was filled by the massive structure which housed as many as 250'000 spectators.
11. Forum of Julius Caesar
- Using his booty from conquests of Gaul, Caesar built the Forum Julium
- undoubtedly Caesar's grand reply to Pompey's theatre, and supplied entertainment
- begun in 51 BC and completed in 46 BC
- Once contained not merely a statue of the goddess Venus, but so too of Julius Caesar and his Egyptian lover Queen Cleopatra.
12. The Census
- Everyfiveyears , eachmale Roman citizenhad to register in Rome for the census.
- he had to declare his family, wife, children, slaves and riches.
- Should he fail to do this, his possessions would be confiscated and he would be sold into slavery.
- Throughout the entire republican era, registration in the census was the only way that a Roman couldensure that his identity and status as a citizen were recognized.
13. Scribes and Censors
- Scribes= responsible to compile the list from the census
- Censors= responsible to scrutinize each man, evaluate his riches and his rank and placing him in his rightful place within the civic hierarchy of Rome(four classes).
14. Roman Dress
- clothes needed to be simple
- only one type of material:Wool, linen was available at times
Toga Stola and Palla Stola and Palla Priest's Toga The Palla Cloak 15. The Toga
- The standard dress worn by Roman citizens was thetogafor men and thestolafor women.
- Basically it was a large blanket, draped over the body, leaving one arm free.
- anyone who didn't want to be seen as a slave or a workman in Rome had to be seen in atoga
16. What was the womens role?
- Note this quote from the ancient Cicero:
- ' Our ancestors, in their wisdom, considered that all women, because of their innate weakness, should be under the control of guardians.
- Hypothesize the role of women in pairs.
- How did their role differ from a mans?