The Restoration

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Background information for the Restoration literature unit

Text of The Restoration

  • 1. The Restoration 1660-1800

2. Also know as . . . The Age of Reason The Enlightenment The Neoclassical Age The Augustan Age 3. Called the Restoration because . . . 1642--1651 -- English Civil Wars Charles I is beheaded Oliver Cromwell takes over and . . . abolishes monarchy institutes a republican govt drafts a constitution outlaws common practices 4. In 1651 Charles, the son of Charles I, who has been in exile in Holland, returns to England and is RESTORED as King Charles II 5. Vauxhall- Charles II garden 6. The Great Fire of London 1666 13,200 houses 87 churches Bridges, stores, p risons 8 million pounds in repairs 7. Sir Francis Bacon (Renaissance) is a bridge to this era He began to use a slow, careful process of examining physical evidence (Reason). People started to ask HOW? Instead of WHY? Example--Halleys comet is discovered to return by Earth every 76 years (last time was 1986) People looked for explanations for natural phenomena 8. Religion . . . Mainly Deism -- God has created a perfectly working universe and does not need to interfere (clockmaker) Popular idea after Puritans lose power 9. The Glorious Revolution 1688 James II (Charles IIs brother), a Catholic king whom no one trusted, fled to France His daughter Mary and her husband, William of Orange (from Holland), take throne Both are Protestant -- all future monarchs will be Protestant Called glorious because no one was killed 10. Literature of the era Modern English Prose was stripped down, precise, plain, has short sentences and used very little figurative language The Age of Dryden Very reason or science like 11. More literature Charles II reopens theaters and allows female performers Theater becomes a popular form of entertainment, esp. among the rich 12. Even more literature Jonathan Swift and Alexander Pope both used SATIRE to reveal immorality and shortcomings of the elite Daniel Defoe and Addison and Steele used JOURNALISM to defend the middle class (The Spectator and The Tattler) 13. And even more literature Poetry was for public purposes elegies satire odes 14. And the last literature slide Novels -- new long narratives Popular among women (time) Daniel Defoe -- Moll Flanders 15. It all ends with Samuel Johnson who believed everyone could be good - this makes a good transition to the Romantic period