The Fateful Years: Japan’s Adventures in the Philippines Hannee R. Saloria-Badilles HISTORY 228 January 29, 2014

The fateful years

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Page 1: The fateful years

The Fateful Years: Japan’s Adventures in

the Philippines

Hannee R. Saloria-Badilles


January 29, 2014

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A propaganda leaflet dropped on Filipino and American Troops on Bataan.

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3 Main Points

1.The controversy in Washington DC over the Presidential succession of the Commonwealth Government

2.The flight of Jose P. Laurel’s government

3.The return of the Liberation Forces

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Mrs. Aurora Quezon, Mrs. Jean Faircloth MacArthur, Pres. Manuel Quezon., Arthur MacArthur, Maria Aurora Quezon.Corregidor, 1942

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On March 29, 1942, President Quezon and his family arrived in Adelaide, Australia. They next day they proceeded to Melbourne where they were welcomed by General Douglas MacArthur and his wife.

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President Manuel Quezon broadcast from

Washington today to his fellow countrymen

in Manila.

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Quezon and the WW II Pacific War Council

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Commonwealth War Cabinet-in-exile: (L to R)

Defense Secretary Basilio J. Valdes,

Resident Commissioner Joaquin Elizalde,

President Manuel L. Quezon, Vice President Sergio Osmeña, Finance

Secretary Andres Soriano, Auditor-General

Jaime Hernandez. Washington D.C. May


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Quezon with Dr. Vinzon, 1942

President Quezon confers the Medal of Valor on

Major Emigdio Cruz, Miami Florida.

March 1944

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On the left, President Manuel Quezon and Vice President Osmeña strike a pose shortly after their inauguration in 1934. On the right, Sergio Osmeña pays respect to his friend. He assumed the presidency after Quezon’s death. He was 67 years old.

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Manuel L. Quezon’s tomb,

Quezon Memorial Circle, Quezon


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Happy Liberation Day : Battle of Guam

July 21, 1944

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Humboldt Bay to Leyte (Route in orange)

Invasion of Leyte 17 – 25 October 1944

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Off Leyte, October 1944 (L to R): Lt. Gen. George Kenney, Lt. Gen. Richard

K. Sutherland, Pres. Sergio Osmeña, Gen. Douglas MacArthur

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Pres. Sergio Osmeña together

with Gen. Douglas

MacArthur during the historic

landing at Leyte

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In 1944, three days after the arrival of the Allied Liberation Forces at Red Beach, Ruperto Kangleon, the Filipino

leader of the resistance movement in Leyte is

appointed the military governor of Leyte.

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Lingayen landing beach and airfield, 1945 Battle of Luzon

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Gen. Douglas MAcArthur and Gen. Jonathan Wainwright in a Hotel in Tokyo, in August 1945. This was the first meeting of these two men, since Gen.

MacArthur left the Philippines for Australia on Mach 11, 1942.

Gen. Wainwright was a POW from May 6, 1942 to August


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In October 1942, approximately 1500 POWs, from Cabanatuan, boarded the Tottori Maru, in Pier 7 in Manila. The ship took them to Fusan, Korea where they boarded a train and were sent to Camp Hoten in Mukden, Manchuria arriving in early November 1942. Most of these men were forced to work as slave laborers at the Manchuko KK, a factory that made parts for Japanese tanks and other war related hardware. They were liberated in

August 1945.

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A burial detail of Filipino POWs uses improvised litters to carry fallen comrades at Camp O’Donnell, Capas, Tarlac 1942 following the Bataan Death March.

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In July 1961, Field Marshal Douglas MacArthur made a sentimental journey back to the Philippines. Here he’s shown in Cebu visiting former President Sergio Osmeña. Three months later, the former president passed away, on the eve of the anniversary of his and MacArthur’s famous Leyte Landing.

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The Camp O’Donnell Memorial Monument built by the organization knonw as “The Battling Bastards of Bataan” to honor those American men who died at the camp while prisoners of the Japanese.

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Hiroo Onoda, Japanese soldier who hid in the Philippine jungle for 29 years.

Taken on March 11, 1974 shows former Japanese Imperial Army soldier Hiroo Onoda offering his military sword to former Pres. Marcos to express his surrender.