Supporting REDD+ readiness and negotiations
The presentation of Thais Linhares-Juvenal, of UN-REDD, to the IIED-hosted Moving ahead with Reducing Emissions from Deforestation and forest Degradation (REDD+) workshop on 9-10 April 2014. The presentation, made in the second session on moving beyond readiness and the role of the private sector, focused on the challenges and opportunities when supporting REDD+ readiness and negotiations. More information on UN-REDD's work: http://www.un-redd.org/. Further details of the workshop and IIED's work on REDD+ are available via http://www.iied.org/coverage-moving-ahead-redd-prospects-challenges-workshop.
<ul><li> 1. Supporting REDD+ readiness and negotiations What are the Challenges ahead? </li> <li> 2. 2007: Bali Action Plan 2010: Cancun Agreements 2013: Warsaw Framework </li> <li> 3. What is readiness? - 2009-2013: readiness based on the Bali Action Plan, draft from Copenhagen and the Cancun Agreements - Main elements: National forest monitoring systems, Forest reference levels and Reference emission levels Safeguards and safeguards information systems Forest governance Land tenure, Land use planning Gender Drivers of deforestation and forest degradation Effective participation of relevant stakeholders, including Indigenous peoples and local communities </li> <li> 4. Initial readiness Raise awareness Explore different concepts and possibilities Support based on common elements RPPs adopted by FCPF and UN- REDD Programme Strong focus on stakeholder engagement and transparency High demand for support to forest monitoring systems Anticipated discussion on benefit distribution Initial linkages with multiple benefits and biodiversity agenda and land use planning </li> <li> 5. Initial readiness Accordding to the Voluntary REDD+ Database, the main areas of readiness supported during the fast start finance were: Capacity building and local awareness Social and environmental benefits REDD+ strategies and other readiness preparation Demonstration and pilot activities Stakeholder consultation and engagement Monitoring systems http://reddplusdatabase.org/#graphs_and_stats </li> <li> 6. Where are we now? More than US$ 7 billion have been reported as deployed to support readiness within the fast start finance period US$ 4.1 billion flew directly from developed countries to REDD+ countries Countries in different stages of readiness UN-REDD-FCPF joint needs assessment identified safeguards, tenure, carbon rights, further guidance for stakeholder engagement, legal preparedness, benefit distribution, MRV, drivers of deforestation as most urgent needs Multiple initiatives operating at country level: multilaterals and bilaterals Increased need of coordination of different streams of support at national level </li> <li> 7. Warsaw Framework Modalities for national forest monitoring systems (NFMS) The timing and the frequency of information on safeguards Addressing the drivers of deforestation and forest degradation Guidelines and procedures for the technical assessment of submissions on proposed forest reference emission levels and/or forest reference levels (RELs/RLs) Modalities for measuring, reporting and verifying (MRV) CLEAR GUIDANCE ON REDD+ UNDER THE CONVENTION </li> <li> 8. Warsaw Framework No decision on market mechanism New, additional and predictable funding from variety of sources: public or private, bilateral or multilateral Results based actions fully MRV Information on safeguards as requirement for results based payments No monitoring of safeguards Encourage funds for integral sustainable management of forests </li> <li> 9. Implementing the Warsaw Framework Some countries moving towards demonstration activties - different approaches (jurisdictional, subnational, national) Country needs more focused on monitoring systems, reference levels, safeguards, tenure, institutional arrangements for national strategies and fiduciary arrangements for national funds Stronger demand for inclusion from Indigenous Peoples, local communities and civil society at national level Higher demand for knowledge management and knowledge sharing </li> <li> 10. Results Based Actions National REDD+ Strategies Drivers of Deforestation </li> <li> 11. Lessons Learned REDD+ readiness takes longer than initially estimated REDD+ landscape evolved and support should increasingly be tailored to meet needs of national contexts REDD+ cannot be everything everywhere: need to focus in order to progress to demonstration activities Linkages with other land-based activies and benefits of a landscape approach better understood Need to strengthen cross-sectoral approach Importance of development of green businesses and sustainable supply chains </li> <li> 12. Challenges Ahead Fast track finance period is over As countries make progress on readiness, higher cost tailor made support is needed Need of an agreement that ensure predictability of funds Need of scaling up demonstration activities </li> <li> 13. Thais Linhares-Juvenal Thais.Juvenal@un-redd.org Thank You, Merci, Gracias! Website: http://www.un-redd.org </li> </ul>