What makes collaborative work effective regarding students' learning?
Text of Students working collaboratively
1. Students working Collaboratively
2. Why small group collaboration? Research shows that it has positive effects on learningAs long as there are: Shared goals Individual accountability 2 3. Why small group collaboration? Transmission teaching styles have reduced: Quality Quantity of student discussionSometimes, groupwork might not profit student learning (depending on the type of talk in the groups). 3 4. This unit will help you to: List characteristics of discussions that benefit learning Recognise teacher concerns Understand techniques for promoting effective discussion Understand the teachers role in discussion management Plan discussion based lessons 4 5. A. Experiencing a discussion Read problem 4 on handout 1 individually and write down your own response for it Work as a group, compare your responses and try to refine your answers until you feel you have reached a consensus 5 6. Some points for reflection Did you find it helpful to have a chance to think about the question yourself before it was discussed in your group?How far did you really think together, or did you tend to follow independent lines of thought? 6 7. Some points for reflection Did someone 'take over'? Was someone a 'passenger'?Did you listen to, share ideas with and consider the alternative views of everyone in the group? 7 8. Some points for reflection Did you build on each others' ideas to construct chains of coherent reasoning?Did you feel able to share your ideas without fear of embarrassment of being wrong? Did anyone feel uncomfortable or threatened? If so, why? 8 9. Some points for reflection Did your discussion stay 'on task' or were you 'wandering'?9 10. Some points for reflection What are the implications of this idea for your classroom?10 11. Some points for reflection Most of the problems do not have one definitive answer.Students must think for themselves first. Quick thinking and confident students are more likely to dominate discussion. 11 12. Types of student talk Working in a group VS Working as a group Whats the difference?12 13. Types of student talk (Mercer 1995,2000)Disputational talk This consists of disagreement and individualised decision making. It is characterised by short exchanges consisting of assertions and counter-assertions. NOT BENEFICIAL 13 14. Types of student talk (Mercer 1995,2000)Cumulative talk speakers build positively and uncritically on what each other has said. This is typically characterised by repetitions, confirmations and elaborations. NOT BENEFICIAL 14 15. Types of student talk (Mercer 1995,2000)Exploratory talk Speakers work on and elaborate each others reasoning in a collaborative atmosphere. Enables reasoning to become audible and knowledge becomes publicly accountable. Characterised by critical and constructive exchanges. Challenges are justified and alternative ideas are offered.15 16. B. Analysing a Discussion16 17. C. Recognising teacher concerns17 18. D. Ground Rules18