Shot Composition

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  • 1. Shot Composition ActivityEleanor Monk Group 057

2. The Rule of Thirds To the left is an example of a close up (CU) shot using the rule of thirds. The rule of thirds is a guideline proposing that an image should be compositionally divided by two equally spaced horizontal lines and two equally spaced vertical lines, positioning the most prominent elements either alongside these lines or on their intersections.To the right is an example of a longshot (LS) using the rule of thirds. Welined up the edge of the building withone line and positioned the treewithin another, leaving the thirdsection less cluttered. 3. Using Leading Lines This is a long shot example of using leading lines in camerawork (left). Leading lines are used to draw the viewers eyes to the focal point within the frame, in this case Kenny walking along the pavement in the distance.On the right is an example of amedium shot (MS) using leadinglines. The pavement leads theviewers eyes around the corner andto where Kenny is heading. 4. Using Symmetry and PatternsTo the left is a medium shot using symmetryand pattern. Symmetry and pattern canenhance a shots aesthetic appeal, whilstunsettling the symmetry can be used to createtension. This shot uses pattern in the windowframe and a line of symmetry down the middleof the door. These compositional elements canalso be used to draw the viewers attention tosomething, in this case the door.On the right is a long shot usingsymmetry and pattern to achieve asimilar effect, but with a slightunsettlement of the symmetrybecause of the cars in theforeground. This can sometimes beused to create an uncomfortableatmosphere within film. 5. Different Viewpoints Using different viewpoints of the same object or person can create a wide range of effects depending on how they are used. These three shots are examples: the shot to the left makes the car look sleek and powerful, whereas the shot in the corner makes the viewer feel as though they are chasing it, and the above shot makes it appear intimidating and tense. 6. Using BackgroundsThe shot to the left is an example of anextreme closeup (ECU) usingbackgrounds. Backgrounds can be usedto put the subject of the frame intocontext, highlight it, or perhaps evendistract from it. In this example atextured wall has been used as thebackground to make the subject standout whilst adding interest.The shot on the right is a long shotusing backgrounds. The van (thefocal point point of the shot) is infront of a wall and scaffolding to giveit a background. 7. Using DepthThis is an example ofan establishing shotusing depth. Usingdepth in a shot impactson the viewer bymaking them feel asthough they arewitnessing the scenethemselves. We havecreated the illusion ofdepth here by includingseveral features thatare different distancesaway from the camera,with one wall right nextto it and the patheventually beingblocked from view by a