Photographic Techniques

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Video Production Techniques

Photography and Composition Techniques

Photography and Composition TechniquesLesson Outcomes: To identify effective photographic techniques.

I dont know any photographic techniques.I can identify some of the photographic techniques used in magazine photography. I can identify photographic techniques and explain their effect.I can apply effective photographic techniques to my own magazine.I have creative ideas of how I can use photography in my magazine.

Composition Techniques

Composing your shot:The way everything is arranged in your shot is called thecomposition. By paying attention to the framing of your shots, you can improve and enhance them.

Be clear on your subject. What story are you trying to tell with the shot?

Imagine you're painting a picture. You can decide exactly what you want the painting to look like:Which people or objectsare in the painting,where they are located on the canvas, and what kind ofbackgroundis in place.

Rule of Thirds: Points of interest (the focus of your image) should be placed at the intersections of these lines for the most visually appealing shot.

Basically, the important stuff should be kept along the lines and the focus should be at one of the four crosses.

Examples:

Shot Type

Consider these:

Look at this guywhat has he done wrong?

If theres an idea you like, recreate it

You dont have to follow the rules so long as you justify if in your evaluation

Students example:

Composition: Near or far?

Experiment!

Activity 3: Can you recognise any of the compositional techniques used in this image?What effect do these techniques have on the image?

Can you recognise any of the compositional techniques used in this image?

Background is vital in telling your story

What effect does the road in the background of this image have on the audience?

Tip: When positioning your subject, always consider your Background

Can you recognise any of the compositional techniques used in this image?

Background is vital in telling your story

What effect does the road in the background of this image have on the audience?

Using leading lines attracts the viewers focus where you want it to go. This type of shot is particularly nice in your double page spread

Can you recognise any of the compositional techniques used in this image?

Background is vital in telling your story

What effect does the road in the background of this image have on the audience?

Using leading lines attracts the viewers focus where you want it to go.

Consider these

This student managed it

But then

Can you recognise any of the compositional techniques used in this image?

Background is vital in telling your story

What effect does the road in the background of this image have on the audience?

Use of diagonal lines:

Tip: When positioning your subject, always consider your Angle, and the effect it creates.

Angles

Focus:Adjust the settings on the camera to alter the depth of field.Be thinking about shot composition what is in the frame, what are you revealing to the audience and what are you keeping hidden?Experiment!

Depth of Field:

Depth of Field:

Depth of Field:

Examples:

Tip Mise-en-scene

Consider everything you put in your frame (mise-en-scene)

PropsCostumeBackground/settingMake-up/hairLightingColour

Three golden rulesCamera Position (location)LightingFraming

People Positioning

People Positioning - tips

Heads togetherLimit empty spaceDiamondsTrianglesPerspective

Triangles:

Rows:

Rows with perspective:

Rows with diagonals:

Direction:

1.2.

3.

4.5.6.

1.Rule of Thirds2.Leadroom/Noseroom

3.Distracting Backgrounds

4.Positioning5.Headroom

Rule of ThirdsLeadroom/Noseroom

Distracting Backgrounds

PositioningHeadroom

Rule of ThirdsLeadroom/Noseroom

Distracting Backgrounds

PositioningHeadroom

Rule of ThirdsLeadroom/NoseroomDistracting Backgrounds

PositioningHeadroom

Rule of ThirdsLeadroom/NoseroomDistracting Backgrounds

PositioningHeadroom

Rule of ThirdsLeadroom/NoseroomDistracting Backgrounds

PositioningHeadroom