Phil wildlife

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  • 1. CLASS MAMMALIA Scientific NameCommon EnglishResidency Distribution Habitat Preferences ThreatNameStatusCategoryHipposideros diademaDiadem RoundNon-endemic Australia; Cambodia; India; occurs in primary forest and LCgriseus Leaf Bat resident species Indonesia; Lao PDR; Malaysia;disturbed lowland forest areas, without endemic Myanmar; Papua New Guinea; including riparian areas; roostssubspeciesSolomon Islands; Thailand; Timor-in hollow trees, caves and man-Leste; Viet Nam; in the Philippinesmade tunnelsit is found in all regions except the Batanes/Babuyan regionParadoxurus Asian Palm CivetNon-endemicBorneo, India Lao, Peninsular found in a wide range of LChermaphroditus resident species Malaysia, Myanmar, Siberut Islandhabitats including evergreen without endemic(Mentawai, Indonesia),and deciduous forest (primarysubspeciesPhilippines, Thailand, Bhutan, and secondary), plantations andCambodia, southern China, Nepal,near humans, in habitats up to Sri Lanka, Viet Nam; with2,400 mscattered records in Sulawesi, Moluccas, and the Aru Islands;introduced in JapanCynopterus brachyotis Common Short- Non-endemic ranges from South Asia, throughcan be found from habitats LCnosed Fruit Batresident species parts of southern China to parts ofranging from orchards, gardens without endemic Southeast Asia to forested tractssubspeciesRousettus GeoffroyNon-endemic Yunnan in China extending tofound in a wide variety ofLCamplexicaudatus Rousette resident speciesCambodia, Thailand, Myanmar, habitat types including without endemic Viet Nam, Lao PDR, Peninsularsecondary forest, agriculturalsubspecies Malaysia through Indonesia, and areas, and other disturbed the Philippines.habitats like rural gardens, fruit orchards and at the forest edgeMacroglossus minimus Dagger-toothed Non-endemicwidespread throughout Viet Nam, primary and secondary tropical LC Long-nosed Fruitresident species Cambodia, Thailand andmoist forest, it has also been Bat without endemicPeninsular Malaysia, to the reported from paperbarksubspeciesNatuna Islands, Borneo, thewoodlands, mangroves, swamp Philippines, the island of Sulawesi forest, plantations, rural

2. to the island of Timor, andgardens and urban areasthrough much of the Moluccan Islands. Found throughout the restof PhilippinesRhinolophusLarge-eared Non-endemicPhilippines (islands of Luzon,primary and secondary forest in LCphilippinensis Horseshoe Batresident species Mindoro, Negros and Mindanao); the Philippines, and in primarywithout endemicNE Borneo; Indonesia; Newand disturbed forest in Sulawesi subspecies Guinea; Australiaand FloresViverra tangalunga Malayan Civet Non-endemic Native in Indonesia, Malaysia,occurs in a variety of habitatsLCresident species Philippines, and Singaporeincluding primary andwithout endemic secondary forests, cultivated subspecies land and the outskirts of villagesRattus argentiventer Rice-field RatNon-endemicNative in Brunei, Cambodia, natural habitat was probablyLCresident species Indonesia, Lao PDR, Malaysia,swampy grasslands, but today itwithout endemicPhilippines, and Singaporeoccurs in rice fields, grasslands, subspeciesThailand; Timor-Leste; Viet Namand plantationsPtenochirus jagori Greater Musky Monotypicoccurs widely, except in the abundant in primary forest and LC Fruit BatEndemic Batanes/Babuyan and Palawan common in secondary forest Faunal RegionsAcerodon jubatus Golden-capped Monotypicwidespread with the exception in typically roosts in trees, but alsoENmindanensisFruit BatEndemic the Palawan faunal region and onin mangroves, usually on small the Batanes and Babuyan islandislandsgroupsCynocephalus volansPhilippine GlidingMonotypic Found only in Mindanao Faunalcommon in lowland primary and LC LemurEndemicRegion and in islands of Basilan, secondary forest, and in mixedBiliran, Bohol, Dinagat, Leyte, and forest and orchardMaripiUrogale everetti Mindanao Tree Monotypicendemic to the Mindanao Faunal inhabits mid-elevation rangesLC ShrewEndemicRegion; recorded also fromand prefers montane and lower Dinagat and Siargaomossy forest, though it can befound in disturbed habitats near forested areasEonycteris robusta Philippine Dawn Monotypicrecorded from most large islands Reliant on caves in lowlandNT BatEndemicexcept the Palawan Faunal Region habitats. It is most common in and the Batanes and Babuyanundisturbed group of islands 3. Apomys insignisMindanao Monotypic restricted to the Mindanao Faunalno longer common in lowland LC montane forestEndemicRegion, Mindanao and Dinagat forest; reaches its largest mouse islands; does not on occur on abundance in montane areas Bohol, Leyte, Samar, and Biliranpreferring primary forest, but islandsalso occurring in disturbedforestMacaca fascicularisPhilippine Long- Monotypic found on the islands of Balabac, extremely tolerant of a range ofNTphilippensis tailed MacaqueEndemic Basilan, Biliran, Bohol, Busuanga,habitats, including mangroveCamiguin, Catanduanes, Culion,and swamp forests, and can beLeyte, Luzon, northeastern found in agricultural areas near Mindanao, Mindoro, Negros, forest (secondary growth,Panay, Palawan, Samar and secondary forest, and primary Sibuyan forest)Ptenochirus minorLesser Musky Monotypic found only in the Mindanao faunal Found in lowland and montane LC Fruit Bat Endemicregion (Bohol, Dinagat, Leyte, andforest and secondary forest, it Mindanao, and Samar)does not occur in agricultural orurban areasExilisciurus concinnus Philippine Pygmy Monotypicfound only in the Mindanaoa lowland and montane primary LC SquirrelEndemic Faunal Region and has beenand secondary forest species, its recorded from the islands of highest abundance is at middle Basilan, Biliran, Bohol, Dinagat,elevations in small clearingsLeyte, Mindanao, Samar, and Siargao islandsSundasciurus Philippine TreeMonotypicfound on Mindanao and adjacent wide range of habitats: primaryLCphilippinensis SquirrelEndemic islands: Basilan, Biliran, Bohol, and secondary lowland andDinagat, Leyte, Samar and Siargaomontane forest, including thelower edges of mossy forestCarlito syrichta Philippine Tarsier Polytypic restricted to the greateroccurs in both secondary andNTEndemicMindanao faunal region, and the primary forest (although it isislands of Bohol, Dinagat, and most abundant in the latter),Leytefrom sea level up to 750 m.Sus philippinensis Philippine Warty Polytypic occurs through most of the formerly abundant from sea- VU PigEndemiccountry except the Palawan level up to at least 2,800 m, in Faunal Region, Mindoro, the virtually all habitats; now it is Negros-Panay Faunal Region, and common only in remote forests the Sulu Faunal Region 4. CLASS REPTILIA Scientific Name CommonResidency Status Distribution Habitat PreferencesThreat English NameCategoryPython reticulatusReticulated Non-endemic Reticulated pythons are found in lives in rain forests, woodlands,NEPython resident species Southeast Asia from the Nicobar and nearby grasslands; also without endemic Islands, northeast India,associated with rivers and issubspeciesBangladesh, Burma, Thailand, found in areas with nearbyLaos, Cambodia, Vietnam, streams and lakesMalaysia and Singapore, eastthrough Indonesia and the Indo- Australian Archipelago and thePhilippinesPsammodynastesCommon Mock Non-endemicBangladesh, Myanmar, Cambodia, found in a wide range of NEpulverulentus Viperresident speciesChina, Hong Kong. NE India, altitudes, from forested without endemicBhutan, Indonesia, Laos , Nepal, lowlands to montane regions ofsubspeciesPhilippine Islands, Taiwan,up to 1600 m Thailand, Vietnam, MalaysiaCalamaria gervaisiGervais Worm Monotypicwidespread endemic of the found burrowing in humusLCSnakeEndemic Philippinesrecorded from theunder rotting logs, under flat islands of Luzon, Polillo, Mindoro,rocks, and between treeTablas, Panay, Negros, Cebu, buttressesCatanduanes, Mindanao Lubang,and BasilanGecko gecko Todays Gecko Non-endemicranging from northeast India, torainforest trees and cliffs, and it NE resident species Nepal and Bangladesh, throughoutalso frequently adapts to rural without endemicSoutheast Asia, Philippines tohuman habitations, roamingsubspecies Indonesia and western New Guinea walls and ceilings at night insearch of insect preyRhabdophis auriculata White-lined MonotypicBasilan, Mindanao, Bohol, Leyte, riparian habitat and streams inLCWater SnakeEndemic Samar, Dinagat and Siargao tropical moist forest, including disturbed and selectively logged areasTrimeresurusPhilippine Pit Polytypic EndemicCamiguin Norte, Luzon, encountered in a wide variety ofLCflavomaculatusViper Catanduanes, Panay, Bohol,habitats, ranging from lowland 5. Mindanao, Polillo, Dinagat and disturbed sites to mid-elevation Siargao primary tropical moist forestSphenomorphus Banded Monotypic Mindanao (from Mount Apo,under leaves and rotting logs,LCfasciatus Sphenomorphus Endemic Sarangani, and near to sea level), and between tree buttresses inCamiguin, Leyte, Samar (includingthe dipterocarp andMount Huraw at 400 m asl), Bohol submontane forest (950 to 1,200 m asl), Basilan andthe Sulu Archipelago (from Takela and Tiepono)Oxyrhabdium BandedPolytypic Endemic Luzon, Mindoro, Masbate, Panay, found in a range of habitatsLCleponinum Philippine Negros, Cebu, Polilo and (forests, secondary growth,BurrowingCatanduanes highly disturbed areas, theSnakeedges of agricultural areas); as aburrowing snake, it is found inboth dry areas and near water,but may be slightly more common in riparian areasAhaetulla prasina Green VineNon-endemicNative to Bangladesh, Bhutan,primary lowland and montane LCSnakeresident speciesBrunei, Cambodia, China, India, moist forests, secondary forests,with endemicIndonesia, Lao PDR, Malaysia, dry and open forests,subspeciesMyanmar, Philippines, Singapore, scrublands, plantations, garden, Thailand, and Viet Nammonsoon forest, cultivated land,roadsidesBoiga dendrophila MangroveNon-endemicIndonesia, India, Peninsularfound more often in lowlandNEBlunt-headed resident speciesMalaysia, Singapore, Tha