1. Post Cultural Revolution Chinese Poetry The Misty Poets Shu Ting Li-Young Lee
2. The Misty Poets 1979-1989 Influenced by Western ideas Challenge Maoist ideas Comment on political and social issues Celebrate individuality Often write using obscure images Many were exiled after Tianaman Square (1989) 3. First some Historical Context The Cultural Revolution began in the summer of 1966 Students in Beijing formed into military groups called Red Guards Schools and colleges were closed so that the curriculum could be re-written to make young people more aware of Communist ideas The first aim was to get rid of all capitalist and bourgeois influences 4. Propoganda 5. Aims of the Cultural Revolution The Red Guards began a Four Olds Campaign against Old culture Old customs Old ideas Old habits 6. Methods There were huge parades There were attacks on anything which seemed capitalist or bourgeois Physical attacks occurred Many works of art were destroyed Places were renamed Mao said to rebel is justified. 7. The Red Guards ran wild By 1967 law and order had broken down Red Guards began to fight among themselves and against reactionaries It is estimated that 400,000 wee killed and thousands more beaten, tortured or imprisoned Mao was worshipped as a hero Teachers were attacked as being too intellectual 8. 9. Impact Young people had missed education Industrial output had fallen Farming was disrupted Old culture was lost or destroyed Many intellectuals had been persecuted or killed 10. What is the significance of this? We are studying a literature course. How will this information help us understand the misty poets? Discuss in pairs? 11. First Impressions What is your favourite pair of lines? Why? Action Activity What imagery do you notice? What is its impact? How does this poem relate to the background context? 12. Structure and Jintishi Poetry Developed in the Tang Dynasty (618-907AD) Strict structural features (equivalent to a sonnet) 8 Lines divided into 4 couplets Each couplet presents parallel ideas from a contrasting perspective with similar grammatical patterns Theme was often history or politics 13.SleepBlackPrays 14. 15. Li-Young Lee Father was a Doctor for Chairman Mao Exiled to Indonesia Later moved to America Writes in English 16. Whats it all about?
Beauty? Sensuality? Death? Significance of the layout? Use of language? Differences between stanza one and two?