Power Point Lesson for Legislative Department. DLSU-CSB:SDA
Text of Legislative department
Separation of Powers
Checks and Balances
3. Article VI 4.
Thelegislative powershall be vested in theCongress of the Philippineswhich shall consist of aSenateand aHouse of Representatives , except to the extent reserved to the people by the provision on initiative and referendum.
Authority to make, alter or repeal laws
Prescribe general rules for the government of society
Written enactments of the legislature
Defines right and duties of a citizen
Appropriate funds (budget deliberation)
Defines crime and its penalties
Creates and abolishes government offices
Regulates human conduct
Two chambers (Bicameral)
House of Representatives
What are the advantages?
What are the disadvantages?
Avoid hasty and ill-considered legislation
Serves as training ground for future leaders
Representation for both regional (House) and national (Senate) interests
Less susceptible to bribery and manipulation
Has not worked out as an effective fiscalizing machine
No assurance of better deliberated legislation
Duplication of efforts which delays the legislation process
Classification of Powers of the Congress
General Legislative Power
For the govern of relations among individuals
As long as not contrary to the Constitution
Power provided by the Constitution exclusively for the Congress
E.g. Elect the president in case of a tie
Declare state of war
Necessary to the effective exercise of their powers
E.g. Investigation in aid of legislation
Powers that are not specified by the Constitution but are requisites for the exercise of government sovereignty
The Senate shall be composed oftwenty-four Senatorswho shall beelected at largeby the qualified voters of the Philippines, as may be provided by law.
No person shall be a Senator unless he is anatural-born citizen of the Philippinesand, on the day of the election, isat least thirty-five years of age ,able to read and write , aregistered voter , anda resident of the Philippines for not less than two yearsimmediately preceding the day of the election. 10.
Theterm of officeof the Senators shall besix yearsand shall commence, unless otherwise provided by law, at noon on thethirtieth day of Junenext following their election.
No Senator shall serve formore than two consecutive terms . Voluntary renunciation of the office for any length of time shall not be considered as an interruption in the continuity of his service for the full term of which he was elected.
24 Senators elected at large
Initial 6 years term
Eligible for a one subsequent 6 year term
More than two successive terms is prohibited
Who are natural born citizens?
At least 35 years old
Able to read and write
What are the qualifications for voting?
Resident of the Philippines for at least 2 years
The House of Representatives shall be composed ofnot more than two hundred and fifty members , unless otherwise fixed by law, who shall be elected from legislative districts apportioned among the provinces, cities, and the Metropolitan Manila area in accordance with the number of their respective inhabitants, and on the basis of a uniform and progressive ratio, and those who, as provided by law, shall be elected through a party-list system of registered national, regional, and sectoral parties or organizations.
Theparty-list representatives shall constitute twenty per centum of the total number of representativesincluding those under the party list. For three consecutive terms after the ratification of this Constitution, one-half of the seats allocated to party-list representatives shall be filled, as provided by law, by selection or election from the labor, peasant, urban poor, indigenous cultural communities, women, youth, and such other sectors as may be provided by law, except the religious sector.
Each legislative district shall comprise, as far as practicable, contiguous, compact, and adjacent territory. Each city witha population of at least two hundred fifty thousand , or each province, shall haveat least one representative .
Within three years following the return of every census, the Congress shall make a reapportionment of legislative districts based on the standards provided in this section.
No person shall be a Member of the House of Representatives unless he isa natural-born citizen of the Philippinesand, on the day of the election, isat least twenty-five years of age ,able to read and write , and, except the party-list representatives, aregistered voter in the district in which he shall be elected , anda resident thereof for a period of not less than one yearimmediately preceding the day of the election.
The Members of the House of Representatives shall be elected for aterm of three yearswhich shall begin, unless otherwise provided by law, at noon on the thirtieth day of June next following their election. No Member of the House of Representatives shall serve formore than three consecutive terms . Voluntary renunciation of the office for any length of time shall not be considered as an interruption in the continuity of his service for the full term for which he was elected. 15.
Not more than 250 members
Congressional districts and sectoral representation
For every 250,000 city population, 1 representative
Manila 6 Districts
For provinces, 1 representative regardless of population
Initial 3 years term
Eligible for 2 more subsequent terms
More than three consecutive terms is prohibited
9 years consecutive service
Natural-born Philippine Citizen
Able to read and write
At least 25 years old
Registered voter in the district involved
Resident of that district for at least 1 year
Embodies the ideals promoted by the sector being represented
Pro-poor, representative should be poor
Against Drugs, negative to drug test
To attain the broadest possible representation
To strike a balance between varying interests
20 percent of the total composition of the House of Representatives
250 representatives, 50 should be from party-list
Election of registered parties, instead of individual candidates
Number of representatives depends on the total no. of votes obtained (proportional representation)