Legislative department

  • View
    14.446

  • Download
    0

Embed Size (px)

DESCRIPTION

Power Point Lesson for Legislative Department. DLSU-CSB:SDA

Text of Legislative department

  • 1.

2.

  • Executive
  • Legislative
  • Judiciary
  • Separation of Powers
  • Checks and Balances

3. Article VI 4.

  • Thelegislative powershall be vested in theCongress of the Philippineswhich shall consist of aSenateand aHouse of Representatives , except to the extent reserved to the people by the provision on initiative and referendum.

5.

  • Legislative Power
    • Authority to make, alter or repeal laws
    • Prescribe general rules for the government of society
  • Laws
    • Written enactments of the legislature
    • Defines right and duties of a citizen
    • Imposes taxes
    • Appropriate funds (budget deliberation)
    • Defines crime and its penalties
    • Creates and abolishes government offices
    • Regulates human conduct

6.

  • Two chambers (Bicameral)
    • Upper house
      • Senate
    • Lower house
      • House of Representatives

7.

  • What are the advantages?
  • What are the disadvantages?
    • Avoid hasty and ill-considered legislation
    • Serves as training ground for future leaders
    • Representation for both regional (House) and national (Senate) interests
    • Less susceptible to bribery and manipulation
    • Has not worked out as an effective fiscalizing machine
    • No assurance of better deliberated legislation
    • Duplication of efforts which delays the legislation process
    • More expensive

8.

  • Classification of Powers of the Congress
    • General Legislative Power
      • For the govern of relations among individuals
      • As long as not contrary to the Constitution
    • Specific Powers
      • Power provided by the Constitution exclusively for the Congress
      • E.g. Elect the president in case of a tie
      • Declare state of war
    • Implied Powers
      • Necessary to the effective exercise of their powers
      • E.g. Investigation in aid of legislation
    • Inherent Powers
      • Powers that are not specified by the Constitution but are requisites for the exercise of government sovereignty

9.

  • The Senate shall be composed oftwenty-four Senatorswho shall beelected at largeby the qualified voters of the Philippines, as may be provided by law.

No person shall be a Senator unless he is anatural-born citizen of the Philippinesand, on the day of the election, isat least thirty-five years of age ,able to read and write , aregistered voter , anda resident of the Philippines for not less than two yearsimmediately preceding the day of the election. 10.

  • Theterm of officeof the Senators shall besix yearsand shall commence, unless otherwise provided by law, at noon on thethirtieth day of Junenext following their election.
  • No Senator shall serve formore than two consecutive terms . Voluntary renunciation of the office for any length of time shall not be considered as an interruption in the continuity of his service for the full term of which he was elected.

11.

  • 24 Senators elected at large
  • Initial 6 years term
    • Eligible for a one subsequent 6 year term
    • More than two successive terms is prohibited
  • Qualifications
    • Natural-born citizen
      • Who are natural born citizens?
    • At least 35 years old
    • Able to read and write
    • Registered voter
      • What are the qualifications for voting?
    • Resident of the Philippines for at least 2 years

12.

  • The House of Representatives shall be composed ofnot more than two hundred and fifty members , unless otherwise fixed by law, who shall be elected from legislative districts apportioned among the provinces, cities, and the Metropolitan Manila area in accordance with the number of their respective inhabitants, and on the basis of a uniform and progressive ratio, and those who, as provided by law, shall be elected through a party-list system of registered national, regional, and sectoral parties or organizations.
  • Theparty-list representatives shall constitute twenty per centum of the total number of representativesincluding those under the party list. For three consecutive terms after the ratification of this Constitution, one-half of the seats allocated to party-list representatives shall be filled, as provided by law, by selection or election from the labor, peasant, urban poor, indigenous cultural communities, women, youth, and such other sectors as may be provided by law, except the religious sector.

13.

  • Each legislative district shall comprise, as far as practicable, contiguous, compact, and adjacent territory. Each city witha population of at least two hundred fifty thousand , or each province, shall haveat least one representative .
  • Within three years following the return of every census, the Congress shall make a reapportionment of legislative districts based on the standards provided in this section.

14.

  • No person shall be a Member of the House of Representatives unless he isa natural-born citizen of the Philippinesand, on the day of the election, isat least twenty-five years of age ,able to read and write , and, except the party-list representatives, aregistered voter in the district in which he shall be elected , anda resident thereof for a period of not less than one yearimmediately preceding the day of the election.

The Members of the House of Representatives shall be elected for aterm of three yearswhich shall begin, unless otherwise provided by law, at noon on the thirtieth day of June next following their election. No Member of the House of Representatives shall serve formore than three consecutive terms . Voluntary renunciation of the office for any length of time shall not be considered as an interruption in the continuity of his service for the full term for which he was elected. 15.

  • Not more than 250 members
    • Congressional districts and sectoral representation
    • For every 250,000 city population, 1 representative
      • Manila 6 Districts
    • For provinces, 1 representative regardless of population
  • Initial 3 years term
    • Eligible for 2 more subsequent terms
    • More than three consecutive terms is prohibited
    • 9 years consecutive service

16.

  • Qualifications
    • Natural-born Philippine Citizen
    • Able to read and write
    • At least 25 years old
    • District Representative
      • Registered voter in the district involved
      • Resident of that district for at least 1 year
    • Sectoral Representative
      • Embodies the ideals promoted by the sector being represented
      • Pro-poor, representative should be poor
      • Against Drugs, negative to drug test

17.

  • Sectoral Representation
    • To attain the broadest possible representation
      • Marginalized representation
    • To strike a balance between varying interests
  • 20 percent of the total composition of the House of Representatives
    • 250 representatives, 50 should be from party-list

18.

  • Election of registered parties, instead of individual candidates
    • Number of representatives depends on the total no. of votes obtained (proportional representation)
    • Maximum of three seat