Korean History (BC 2333 - BC 1C)

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Recent view - as of Aug 2 2010 - of Korean History till BC 1C

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  • 1. Korean History BC 2333 BC 1CThe Strategic Language Initiative (SLI) Korean Program Aug 2 2010 Jongwook Woo, PhD [email_address] High-Performance Internet Computing Center (HiPIC) Computer Information Systems Department California State University, Los Angeles

2. Contents

  • Two myths at East Asia
  • Old Choson (BC 2333 - ?)
  • The states
  • Three Kingdoms and Kaya
  • Coree (Koryo, Korea)
  • Chosun
  • Present

3. The views of Korean history

  • Chosun ( ) Kingdom in Korea (1392- 1892, 1892 1910)
    • Wanted to have a link between the Old Chosun and Chinese Gija ( )
      • Since 16C, studied Chinese Confucianism too seriously
      • Wanna-Be Chinese
        • Doctrinaire attitudes/beliefs

4. The views of Korean history (Contd)

  • Korean old histories have been used politically
    • Korea-Japan Annexation (1910-1945):
      • Japanese Imperial Government distorted the old history of Korea
        • ( ) ,
      • Most historians in South Korean universities were educated by Japanese Imperial Government or theirs disciples
        • ( ?)
          • ( , ),( )
    • North-East Project ( ) of China (2002 2006)
      • any pre-modern people or states that occupied any part of what is now thePeople's Republic of Chinaare defined as having been part of that greater Chinese state
      • Others
        • Northwest Project:Tibet
        • Southwest Project: Xinjiang

5. The views of Korean history (Contd)

  • Many other Korean historians
    • Different from and Reforming the old history of Korea, especially the Old Chosun and Three Kingdoms
    • South Korea
        • ( , ),( ), ( ),( ),( ),( ),( ), ,( ) etc
    • North Korea
      • Under Military Government (1961 - 1993) in South Korea
        • Arrested if you had the same opinion with North Koreans
    • If you read many history books, you will have the similar view with

6. Old Chosun ( , ) 7. Two myths at East Asia(The symbols of Korea and its brothers)

  • The Sons of Heaven
    • Respect Sun, Light
    • Worship birds
    • Love gold, especially Shilla
    • Respect horse
    • Good at Archery
    • Also use horn-shaped cup, especially Shilla and Kaya
      • Koreans, Kazakhs, Bryats, Evenkies, Mongols, Yakuts, Machurians, Japanese
  • The Oviparity
    • Born from egg
      • Eggs from the heaven
        • Chu-Mo ( ), Kim Soo-Ro ( ), Park Hyok-Go-Se ( )

8. The sons of heaven and Phoenix (Hanyang Univ.), 9. The sons of heaven and The Ovaparity (Hanyang Univ.), 10. Old Chosun ( , ) Two Cultures in Northeast Asia jwoo 11. Old Chosun ( , ) It has been believed that Korean and her brothers are originated from Baikhal Lake Lake Baikhal 12. (Nine- Hwan, Han),(East Yi, )

  • (Kyoo-Won History) by Book-Ae, AD1675, King Sook-Jong, Chosun)
    • National Library, Seoul, Korea; ,626 ( 2105-1) 1
    • Illustrates
      • Hwan-In, Hwan-Wong (Shin-Shi), Dan-Goon
      • Nine Hwans
  • : (big)+ (bow)
    • That Chinese called Korean and her brothers (Nine Yis)
    • The origin of the everything, Book of the Later Han
      • ; ; : [ .] , , , .[1] , , .[2] ,[3] , , , , , , , , .[4] .
    • The root of everything:
      • I forgot which book says so; another version of Book of the Later Han ?
    • There are Nine Yis

13. Hong-San Culture

  • Yellow River Culture (Yangshao culture ( ), BC 2300 -)
    • was believed first in the east Asia
  • Many old book said, East Yi ( , Nine Yi or Nine Hwan) is the root
    • Kyoo-Won History
    • The origin of the everything, Book of the Later Han
    • It has not been believed
  • At Da-ring-Ho ( ) where the area Yi lived in,
    • Chahai ( ) ruins (BC5600)
      • and Sing-Rung-Wa ( ) ruins (BC6200 BC5200) were found
    • Believed that Korean is originated from the lake Bikhal but should be originated from here

14. Hong-San Culture (Contd)

  • Hong-San ( ) culture was found at Liao-Ning ( ), Manchuria and Jok-Bong, Inner-Mongolia
    • BC 4500 BC3000 (2000 earlier than Yellow River Culture)
    • Originated from Chahai and Sing-Rung-Wa
    • Ha-Ga-Jom ( ),Jok-Bong, Inner-Mongol
      • BC2000 BC1200
  • Probably Korean is originated from Hong-San civilization
    • Because the area is the origin of Yis

15. Hong-San Civilization Hong-San Culture (BC 4500 BC 3000): located where Yi ( ) lived 16. Hong-San Culture Hong-San Culture: BC 4500 BC 3000 Yangshao culture ( ): BC 2300 - 17. Old Chosun ( , ) Then, Korean and her brothers should be originated from Hong-San Culture Lake Baikhal 18. Old Chosun ( , , , Asa-Dal)

  • Originated from Hwan-In and Hwan-Woong
    • Hwan-Woong is a son of Hwan-In
      • Migrated to human land from the heaven with the advanced technology
    • Who they are?
      • Hong-San civilization?
  • BC 2333 - ?
    • Dan-Goon found chosun (Asa-Dal)
      • Dan-Goon Myth
        • Bear and Tiger; only the bear became a human woman
      • Son of Hwan-Woong and Woong-Nyo (Woman from the bear)
      • The political and religional king
      • Tenguli, the heaven, God in Mongol
    • The sacred Tree, Dolmen Tombs, Mandolin-shaped dagger

19. Old Chosun ( , , Asa-Dal, Contd)

  • Chosun (Joseon, , Asa-Dal)
    • Is it Jusen (Manchuria)?
    • Asa-Dal: Morning Kingdom
      • Still ASA is morning in Japanese
      • How similar Korean and Japanese are
  • Dolmen Tomb
    • More than60%of World Dolmen tombs are at Chosun Area
  • Mandolin-shaped daggers and spheres
    • Can assemble the dagger parts
    • Later Sharpen and narrow style

20. Old Chosun ( , ) History Special, KBS , ? 21. Old Chosun ( , ) Map in the textbook at Korean School 22. Old Chosun ( , ) Map based on Shin Chae-Hos Three Chosun ( ) 23. Old Chosun ( , ) Map by Lee ( ) and Kim ( ), 24. Old Chosun ( , ) History Special ( ), KBS , 25. Old Chosun ( , ) 26. Old Chosun ( , ) 27. Old Chosun ( , ) 28. Bronze Mirror (Hard to make it even at the present time) 29. Carriage Parts found at Pyong-Yang, North Korea 1992 1992 , History Special, KBS, , 30. Carriage Parts found at Pyong-Yang, North Korea 1992 CG Carriage ( ),History Special, KBS, , 31. Mirror 32. The Board of the Great Wall

  • Chin China
    • The first united China
  • Great Wall
    • built between 220206 BC by the firstEmperor of China ,Qin Shi Huang
    • In order to defend China from Northern Countries such as
      • Chosun
      • TheXiongnu( ;Xingn ; Hsiung-nu)
        • The Hun?
        • Brother kingdom of Chosun?
    • Where is the great wall?

33. The Great Wall Great Wall Historians under The Imperial Japanese , 34. The Great Wall Great Wall http://bygones.ebaypix.net/china1805map.jpg 1805 map 35. War between Wiman-Chosun and Han China

  • Han Moo-Je,Emperor Wu(Wudi; ),
    • wants to control the Xiongnu and its ally ChoSun
    • Han invaded Wiman Chosun at 109 BC
      • 73
      • Han History said we cut the left arm of Xiongnu
  • Mystery
    • Fought against which Chosun?
      • Wiman Chosun, the western board of Chosun by , , ,
    • Who won?
      • war for 1 year
      • But ChoSun had an internal trouble and surrendered
      • Sima Qiansays in Records of the Grand Historian( )
        • Chosun fell by GeneralsYangPu( ) and Xun Zhi ( ) in 108 BC
        • But, they were all sentenced to death by Emperor Wu (Why?)

36. Mirror Too far from China at BC 108 War between Wiman Chosun and Han China at BC 108 37. The result of the war

  • Records of the Grand Historian( ) says that
    • the Han establishedFourCommanderiesof Han
      • But did not mention where they were
    • The chinese generals were sentenced to death
    • The ministers of Chosun who surrendered were all assigned to the east coast of china as governors

38. The Great Wall Great Wall Historians under The Imperial Japanese , Nak-Rang province under Han after the war 39. The states ( , )

  • Chosun consists of many states
    • the northern region of the peninsula and Manchuria was occupied by the states ofBuyeo ,Goguryeo ,Okjeo ,Dongye , and other minor states
    • It is hard to tell when Chosun lost its central authority
      • It seems that Bu-Yo took the central authority
      • Is Bu-Yo Chosun?
  • Bu-Yo (Bu-Ri)
    • North Bu-Yo, East Bu-Yo, Cholbon Bu-Yo
    • Buryat is Bu-Yo?
  • Ko-Ri (Koree, Koguryo),
    • Goguryeo 's traditional founding date is 37 BC,
      • but it was mentioned in Chinese records as early as 75 BC, or possibly even 2nd century B

40. The states ( , ) (Contd)

  • Baek-Je, Shil-La, Ka-Ya, Okjeo, Ye/Mac
  • Three Hans ( )
  • Who these guys are?
    • Jusen, Wa, Cathay, Mongol
      • Should be one of Nine Hwans ( )

41. Yol-Gook Bu-Yo Go-Gu-Ryo Baek-Je Nak-Rang 42.