Presentation by Anu Ojaranta Researcher/PhD student bo Akademi University Department of Information Studies Venue: Empatic International Workshop - Schools Sector in Krakow, Poland Date: 8 June 2011
1. Information literacy, the Finnish core curriculum and the role of school libraries in this combination
bo Akademi University
Department of Information Studies
27.09.11 bo Akademi University - Domkyrkotorget 3 - 20500 bo 2. 27.09.11 bo Akademi University - Domkyrkotorget 3 - 20500 bo My presentation in EMPATIC workshop
A brief presentation of my research in progres
A look at information literacy
The Finnish core curriculum and information literacy
Developments in Finland during the last 15 years
3. My research:
The title:Information literacy in the curriculum and in teaching the seventh grade: A research of schools and school libraries and the roles and attitudes towards information literacy and information seeking
The aim of the thesis is to study the national core curriculum as the term information literacy (IL) as a framework.
How do actors (teachers, librarians and principals) in schools understand the term IL, and what are their attitudes towards teaching IL skills and information seeking mentioned in the core curriculum?
How does their students think about information seeking skills and what it means to be information literate?
One important aspect of the study is does school libraries play a part in teaching IL skills or information seeking and if so, how does this go about?
Intentions for the study to be ready for defense in 2014.
27.09.11 bo Akademi University - Domkyrkotorget 3 - 20500 bo 4. Information literacy
Why information literacy?
Vital in todays world
Interesting since the sweet confusion of terms and definitions
No information literacy in the Finnish curriculum??
Whats with media literacy?
27.09.11 bo Akademi University - Domkyrkotorget 3 - 20500 bo 5. The Finnish core curriculum and IL
The present core curriculum has said to have an IL emphasis.
The core curriculum is at the moment been revised, the new will be in effect in 2014.
The core curriculum is adapted and implemented in the local level.
Some issues that make things hard at grass-root level, ie. in school lessons:
Definitions are missing
Variation can also be seen in individual teacher level, since everyone is obviously teaching the student they know best
The responsibility of teaching information skills lies with all and therefore easily with no-one
The teacher education is possibly not paying enough emphasis to this issue
The skills teacher students learn for them selves are hard to implement to teaching the students
And one important observation. PISA scores in Finland are in a down-ward trend, especially when it came to information searching skills
27.09.11 bo Akademi University - Domkyrkotorget 3 - 20500 bo 6. IL in the Finnish core curriculum
Some excerpts from the curriculum:
In the general part: the definitions of conceptions of learning, the study environment and methods and operational culture speak for example for
Constructivist learning philosophy
Personal knowledge construction
Individual and collaborative problem solving
Being able to work independently
A library should be close to the school to enable active and individual studying
The work methods should promote skills in information seeking, using and evaluating information, and the usage of information and communications technology.
27.09.11 bo Akademi University - Domkyrkotorget 3 - 20500 bo 7. IL in the Finnish core curriculum
In Cross Curricular Themes
One of the 7 cross curricular themes a school can choose as the theme of the year is communication and media competence, which includes the need to develop information skills and to compare, select, and to use the acquired information.
In Finnish language curriculum, secondary school, that is grades 6-9:
On of the five central contents is information managing skills, including:
Searching for information in various sources, planning the search, judging the source credibility and usefulness
Making notes and learning to make simplified list of references, selecting information, grouping of information and building it into a presentation.
There are some scattered notions in some subject specific curricula about specific information skills in subjects like health education, history, social studies, and visual arts.
27.09.11 bo Akademi University - Domkyrkotorget 3 - 20500 bo 8. Development in Finland during the last 15 years
The IL conversation in education still concerns mainly higher education
Not enough discussion
Several projects around the turn of the millennium
National project Finland can read! 1998-2000
National project The reading Finland, 2001-2004
Active cities in these projects Espoo, Oulu (School library of the information society), Lappeenranta (The spring of information).
Some of there projects gave birth to guides and books about school libraries and teaching information skills in schools.
Most of these projects were literacy and reading oriented but with a strong emphasis to school libraries of library cooperation.
27.09.11 bo Akademi University - Domkyrkotorget 3 - 20500 bo 9. Concluding remarks...
Based on earlier research and my personal observations: the things that will create difficulties in implementing IL to teaching and possibly even to the curriculum:
Different municipal authorities with different viewpoints and aims
Teacher librarian problems, different professional backgrounds
Whos responsibility or the responsibility off us all? Unclear at the moment...
Shortcomings in teacher education and the difficulty deriving from this
Commitment among the actors in all levels: government, municipality, school, and teacher
A long term commitment is needed to make these issues daily practices in schools
27.09.11 bo Akademi University - Domkyrkotorget 3 - 20500 bo 10. Thank you!
Questions and comments...
Twitter account: BloomingCherry
27.09.11 bo Akademi University - Domkyrkotorget 3 - 20500 bo