Ict – information & communication technology
Why use ICT in your teaching practice?
<ul><li> 1. ICT Information &Communication TechnologyPresented by Derek D. RamdattHead of DepartmentTechnology Education DeptRio Claro East Secondary School</li></ul>
<p> 2. WHAT IS ICT? A range of technologies for gathering, storing,retrieving, processing, analyzing andtransmitting informationD. RAMDAT/ RIO CLARO EAST SECONDARY /22nd MAY 2013 3. WHY USE ICTs?Engages studentsAids student retention of knowledgeMotivates interest in the subject matterIllustrates the relevance of manyconcepts.D. RAMDAT/ RIO CLARO EAST SECONDARY /22nd MAY 2013 4. D. RAMDAT/ RIO CLARO EAST SECONDARY /22nd MAY 2013 5. USES OF ICT IN SCHOOLS Development of a broad set of information literacy and relatedskills. Using the Internet to gather information for research and projects,and for educator resources and learning support materials; Using specialist educational software for specific curriculumobjectives; Using basic ICT applications to enhance teaching and learning,developing computer literacy skills in the process; Facilitating communication to support a range of communicationstrategies amongst educators and learners across the globe andwithin the school; ICT-related learning areas, such as Information Technology orsimilar subjects.D. RAMDAT/ RIO CLARO EAST SECONDARY /22nd MAY 2013 6. CLASSROOM IMPACT OF ICTSome of the most important conclusions from recent studies onbenefits of technology for education will show that: Learners provided with technology-rich learning environmentscontinue to perform well on standardized tests and develop avariety of competencies not usually measured which include: increased social awareness and self confidence increased capacity to communicate effectively about complexprocesses more independent learning increase self-initiative spontaneous sharing of ideas higher quality assignments higher attendance improved writing skills improved higher order thinking skills.D. RAMDAT/ RIO CLARO EAST SECONDARY /22nd MAY 2013 7. The use of the Internet as an educational tool whenintegrated into curriculum is extending learningopportunities for learners by increasing skills in conductingindependent research, interpersonal communications,written expression, and motivation while significantlyextending learning beyond the walls of the classroom. Online learning improves student achievement at least asmuch as traditional methods of instruction while expandingstudent access to high quality instruction previouslyunavailable to rural schools. Telecommunications serves as an effective bridge betweenteachers and learners that can facilitate theircommunications and it is the actions of educators, and notthe technology, that will initiate and sustain desirededucational changeCradler: http://home.earthlink.net/~cradler/techprog.htmD. RAMDAT/ RIO CLARO EAST SECONDARY /22nd MAY 2013 8. ENHANCING HOW CHILDREN LEARN A major scientific accomplishment of the twentiethcentury has been the great advancements in understandingcognition that is, the mental processes of thinking,perceiving, and remembering. For example, cognitiveresearch has shown that learning is most effective whenfour fundamental characteristics are present:(1) active engagement,(2) participation in groups,(3) frequent interaction and feedback, and(4) connections to realworld contexts.D. RAMDAT/ RIO CLARO EAST SECONDARY /22nd MAY 2013 9. Interestingly, some of the pioneers in learningresearch also have been pioneers in exploringhow technologies can improve learning. Theseconnections are not coincidental. As scientistshave understood more about the fundamentalcharacteristics of learning, they have realized thatthe structure and resources of traditionalclassrooms often provide quite poor support forlearning, whereas technologywhen usedeffectively can enable ways of teaching that aremuch better matched to how children learn. Roschelle, J., Pea, R., Hoadley, C., Gordin, D., Means, B. (2001). Changing How and WhatChildren Learn in School with Computer-Based Technologies. The Future of Children, 10(2).Los Altos, CA: Packard Foundation. 76-101.http://ctl.sri.com/publications/downloads/PackardChangingLearning.pdfD. RAMDAT/ RIO CLARO EAST SECONDARY /22nd MAY 2013 10. THE ROLE OF THE TEACHER IN THEUSE OF ICTWith the inevitable proliferation of ICT in the classroom, the role of theteacher must change, and here are four key reasons why this musthappen: Firstly, the role of the teacher must change because ICT will causecertain teaching resources to become obsolete. For example, theuse of overhead projectors and chalkboards may no longer benecessary if learners all have access to the same networkedresource on which the teacher is presenting information. Furthermore, if students are distributed throughout severalclassrooms - which is becoming more common place - localisedresources such as projectors and chalkboards become redundantand new electronic forms of distributed communication must beemployed.D. RAMDAT/ RIO CLARO EAST SECONDARY /22nd MAY 2013 11. Secondly, ICT may also make some assessmentmethods redundant. Low level (factual)knowledge for example, has been traditionallytested by the use of multiple choice questions.In an ICT environment, on-line tests can easilybe used which instantly provide the teacherwith a wide range of information associatedwith the learner's score.D. RAMDAT/ RIO CLARO EAST SECONDARY /22nd MAY 2013 12. Thirdly, the role of the teacher must change in the sense that it isno longer sufficient for teachers merely to impart contentknowledge. It will however, be crucial for teachers to encouragecritical thinking skills, promote information literacy, and nurturecollaborative working practices to prepare children for a new worldin which no job is guaranteed for life, and where people switchcareers several times. One of the most ubiquitous forms of ICT - theInternet - gives access to an exponentially growing storehouse ofinformation sources, almost unlimited networks of people andcomputers, and unprecedented learning and researchopportunities. The Internet is a network of networks, providingopportunities for inquiry-based learning where teachers andstudents are able to access some of the world's largest informationarchives. Students and teachers are able to connect with eachother, learn flexibly, and collaborate with others around the world.Generally speaking, geographical distance is no longer a barrier, andthe age of the 'borderless' provision of education is upon us (THES,March 2000).D. RAMDAT/ RIO CLARO EAST SECONDARY /22nd MAY 2013 13. Finally, teachers must begin to reappraise themethods by which they meet children's' learningneeds and match curricula to the requirements ofhuman thought. The Internet can be an excellentway to adapt information to meet thecharacteristics of human information processing.Traditional methods of imparting knowledge,such as lectures and books are characterized by alinear progression of information. Human mindsare more adaptable than this, using non-linearstrategies for problem solving, representationand the storage and retrieval of information (See for example Collins and Quillian, 1969; Collins and Loftus, 1975). Hypertext software enables teachers to provide their students with the non-linearmeans to match non-linear human thinking processes (Semenov, 2000: 29-30)Steve Wheeler - Keynote Speech delivered to the National Czech Teachers Conference, University of Western Bohemia, Czech Republic May 20, 2000D. RAMDAT/ RIO CLARO EAST SECONDARY /22nd MAY 2013 14. TIPS ON THE USE OF ICTS IN THECLASSROOM Plan lesson then integrate media based on theobjectives Provide a clear link between what you wantyour students to learn and the media. Care mustbe taken to provide the proper learning context. Take time to integrate media effectively into acourse. This is not edutainment, it is theconscious use of media to increase studentlearning.D. RAMDAT/ RIO CLARO EAST SECONDARY /22nd MAY 2013 15. TIPS ON THE USE OF ICTS IN THECLASSROOM (contd) Use the subtitles feature for visual media. This isespecially useful in focusing student attention on themessage from the media. Be prepared. Technology does not work 100% of thetime, so have a back up plan. If the media equipmentdoes not work, go to plan B and continue your classwithout missing a beat. Evaluate student understanding. Students respond toincentives. Relate media to the lesson task at hand.D. RAMDAT/ RIO CLARO EAST SECONDARY /22nd MAY 2013 16. EVALUATING INTERNET SOURCESDetermine Authority Is it absolutely clear which company or organisation isresponsible for the information on the site? Is there a link to a page describing what the companyor organisation does and the people who are involved(an About Us page)? Is there a valid way of making sure the company ororganisation is legit meaning, is this a real place thathas real contact information (email only is notenough)?D. RAMDAT/ RIO CLARO EAST SECONDARY /22nd MAY 2013 17. EVALUATING INTERNET SOURCESDetermine Accuracy Can I easily figure out who wrote the information? Are all factual claims clearly substantiated, that is,are there cited (linked) sources? Are there any glaring grammatical and spellingerrors? How long ago was the page updated? Can you verify the expertise of the author? Are thewriters qualifications clearly stated somewhere onthe site?D. RAMDAT/ RIO CLARO EAST SECONDARY /22nd MAY 2013 18. Evaluating Internet SourcesDetermine Motivation Is there an overwhelming bias in theinformation? Is the URL appropriate to the content?This is a good way to determine quickly ifthe site is legit for your purposes. Are the ads clearly separated from thecontent?D. RAMDAT/ RIO CLARO EAST SECONDARY /22nd MAY 2013 19. Evaluating Internet SourcesUse Common SenseJust because something made its way on tothe Web absolutely does not mean that itscredible, reliable, or even true.D. RAMDAT/ RIO CLARO EAST SECONDARY /22nd MAY 2013 20. WHEN TO USE VIDEOS Set induction Conceptualize methods Reinforce facts Initiate discussionD. RAMDAT/ RIO CLARO EAST SECONDARY /22nd MAY 2013 21. VIDEO GUIDELINES Must be relevant as it is one of the mostpowerful media Used to bring out objective not just be relatedto topic Good quality Culturally relevantD. RAMDAT/ RIO CLARO EAST SECONDARY /22nd MAY 2013 22. WHEN USING AUDIO FILES It is easy for listener to become distractedtherefore: Voice on audio should capture attention withoutbeing distracting Keep presentations short Should be clear Beware of inaudible foreign accents Excessive staticD. RAMDAT/ RIO CLARO EAST SECONDARY /22nd MAY 2013 23. EXAMPLES OF ICTs Application Use Standard Office Applications - MainExamples Word processingE.g. Microsoft Word: Write letters, reports etc SpreadsheetsE.g. Microsoft Excel; Analyse financial information;calculations; create forecasting models etc Database softwareE.g. Oracle, Microsoft SQL Server, Access; Managing datain many forms, from basic lists (e.g. customer contactsthrough to complex material (e.g. catalogue)D. RAMDAT/ RIO CLARO EAST SECONDARY /22nd MAY 2013 24. D. RAMDAT/ RIO CLARO EAST SECONDARY /22nd MAY 2013 Presentation softwareE.g. Microsoft PowerPoint, Windows Movie Maker, MicrosoftOneNote; make presentations, either directly using a computerscreen or data projector. Publish in digital format via email or overthe Internet Desktop publishingE.g. Adobe Indesign, Quark Express, Microsoft Publisher; producenewsletters, magazines and other complex documents. Graphics softwareE.g Adobe Photoshop and Illustrator; Macromedia Freehand andFireworks; create and edit images such as logos, drawings orpictures for use in DTP, web sites or other publications 25. ICT INTEGRATION WITH THE USEOF THE INTERNET Blogs Wiki Prezi Voki Google drivehttps://drive.google.com/?tab=mo&authuser=0#my-drive Emails Edmodo http://www.edmodo.com/ Microsoft Partners in Learning http://www.pil-network.com/D. RAMDAT/ RIO CLARO EAST SECONDARY /22nd MAY 2013 26. WHAT ARE BLOGS?"...a web-based publication consisting primarilyof periodic articles, most often in reversechronological order.http://edublogs.org/10-ways-to-use-your-edublog-to-teach/D. RAMDAT/ RIO CLARO EAST SECONDARY /22nd MAY 2013 27. CREATE A BLOG Sample of a bloghttp://techedteachers.edublogs.org/ Tutorialhttp://www.youtube.com/watch?v=3FIk653lvkk Blog Websitehttp://edublogs.org/D. RAMDAT/ RIO CLARO EAST SECONDARY /22nd MAY 2013 28. WHAT IS A WIKI? A wiki is a "type of website that allows thevisitors themselves to easily add, remove, andotherwise edit and change some availablecontent (Wikipedia, 2006)D. RAMDAT/ RIO CLARO EAST SECONDARY /22nd MAY 2013 29. CREATE A WIKISample of a Wiki websitehttp://technologyeducationteachers.pbworks.com/w/page/36637666/FrontPageUsername: selenatricia Password: selena1234D. RAMDAT/ RIO CLARO EAST SECONDARY /22nd MAY 2013Wiki tutorialhttp://alison.com/ (Steps: Register or login/Search Pb works)Websitehttp://pbworks.com/ 30. WHAT IS PREZI?Prezi is a web-based presentationapplication and storytelling tool that uses asingle canvas instead of traditional slides. Text,images, videos and other presentation objectsare placed on the infinite canvas and groupedtogether in frames. The canvas allows users tocreate non-linear presentations, where userscan zoom in and out of a visual map.Cited by: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/PreziD. RAMDAT/ RIO CLARO EAST SECONDARY /22nd MAY 2013 31. Create a Prezi PresentationSample of Prezihttp://prezi.com/m2olz7kaucjl/health-and-safety-in-the-technology-education-classroom/Tutorialhttp://www.youtube.com/watch?v=pxhqD0hNx4QWebsitehttp://prezi.comD. RAMDAT/ RIO CLARO EAST SECONDARY /22nd MAY 2013 32. WHAT IS A VOKI?Voki is a FREE service that lets you: Create customized avatars. Add voice to your Voki avatars. Post your Voki to any blog, website, or profile. Take advantage of Voki's learning resources.D. RAMDAT/ RIO CLARO EAST SECONDARY /22nd MAY 2013 33. CREATE A VOKISample:http://www.voki.com/mywebsite.phpTutorial:http://www.youtube.com/embed/3O4rQXcBrp4Website:http://www.voki.com/D. RAMDAT/ RIO CLARO EAST SECONDARY /22nd MAY 2013 34. WHICH SUBJECT AREAS CAN ENGAGEICT?D. RAMDAT/ RIO CLARO EAST SECONDARY /22nd MAY 2013 35. D. RAMDAT/ RIO CLARO EAST SECONDARY /22nd MAY 2013 36. D. RAMDAT/ RIO CLARO EAST SECONDARY /22nd MAY 2013 37. THEORY OF MINIMALLY INVASIVELEARNINGD. RAMDAT/ RIO CLARO EAST SECONDARY /22nd MAY 2013 38. GROUP WORK Teachers will access www.edmodo.com andregister as a STUDENT. Search for Rio Claro East Secondary School Look for Mr. Ramdatts group Rio Claro EastSecondary Teach Join the group by entering the code dnt6dz On completion of your task, you will uploadyour product to the groupD. RAMDAT/ RIO CLARO EAST SECONDARY /22nd MAY 2013 </p>