I Want to Go Open Now What?

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I Want to Go Open Now What?Heather M. Ross and Kristine Dreaver-Charles


What Are Open Textbooks?DigitalFreeInstructor WrittenPeer ReviewedAdaptable*

www.usask.caKnown Adoptions at USaskCollege of Agriculture and BioresourceEdwards School of BusinessDepartment of ChemistryDepartment of HistoryDepart of Sociology

2015-2016 academic year 900+students

www.usask.caFinding Open Educational Resourceswww.openusask.ca

www.usask.caFinding Open Educational Resources

www.usask.caFinding Open Textbooks

www.usask.caWhat Can I Do For You?Help to find resourcesDiscuss options for adaptationsExplain open licensingHelp to access fundingConnect you with others working with OER

www.usask.caOther SupportsLibrary - assist in finding resourcesBookstore print-on-demand of open textbooksMedia Production image creation / adaptationDistance Education Unit

www.usask.caGetting StartedIf you are interested in adapting an open textbook for your U of S courseDiscuss the idea with your department headContact the Gwenna Moss Centre for Teaching EffectivenessCurriculum Innovation FundOther sources of fundingContact the Distance Education Unit

www.usask.caThe Distance Education Unit (DEU)The DEU is a full service unit that supports design, development, and delivery of distance education. We can also support the development and adaptation of open textbooks. For your open textbook project we can provideOpen textbook design assistancePersonalized Pressbooks training and supportHelp with Creative Commons licensingText editingSupport with incorporating digital mediaOngoing open textbook revisions and maintenance

www.usask.caOur Intended Process at the DEUInitial conversationReview the open textbookDevelop a project planCreate a project timelineOutline what and how much of textbook needs adaptingEstimate of time needed to adapt the textbookPressbooks WorkshopRegular meetings to discuss progress, ideas and to review drafts

Figure 4: Kristine Dreaver-Charles. Source: Barney Charles, 2016.Figure 3: Jordan Epp. Source: Kristine Dreaver-Charles, DEU, 2016.Figure 5: Jeanette McKee. Source: Jordan Epp, DEU, 2016.


Figure 7: B.C. Open Textbook Authoring Guide Cover. Source: https://opentextbc.ca/opentextbook/, 2016.


Figure 8: Usask Open Textbook Authoring Guide Cover. Source: Jordan Epp, DEU, 2016.

www.usask.caOur Guide Table of ContentsIntroductionAdopt an Open TextbookAdapt an Existing Open TextbookCreate a New Open TextbookPressbooks-Online PlatformWriting ToolsText EditorsCopyright and LicensingAccessibility ToolkitLearning More

Figure 9: Usask Open Textbook Authoring Guide Cover. Source: Jordan Epp, DEU, 2016.

www.usask.caWhy might we adapt an open source textbook?Appropriately incorporate Indigenous content and perspectivesAdapt the content for a more Canadian focusChunk the book into smaller sectionsRe-order chaptersInsert more media or links to other resourcesAdapt the material to make it accessibleCorrect any errors or inaccuracies

www.usask.caScope of the AdaptationMinor AdaptationRe-order chaptersAdd Canadian contentUpdate contentNew researchUpdate broken linksSignificant AdaptationCompose new chaptersUpdating all imagesMajor updating of contentNew researchNew theoriesNew mediaCase studies

www.usask.ca6 Steps to Adapting an Open TextbookA good rule of thumb is to keep it simple, especially if you are approaching a remix project for the first time.

Think of the textbook as a living resource that you can improve incrementally over time.

www.usask.caStep 1: Check the LicenseFirst, check the license to make sure you have permission to modify the contents. As long as the Creative Commons license does not have a No Derivatives clause, you are able to change the contents of the book.Avoid open textbooks that contain the No Derivatives restriction as part of the Creative Commons License. If you are unsure contact the DEU.

www.usask.caCreative Commons Licenseshttps://creativecommons.org

Figure 10: Creative Commons Licenses. Source: https://creativecommons.org/licenses/, 2016.

www.usask.caStep 2-The format of the textbookYou need to be able to edit the textbook The source files may be available asHTML files (web pages)Word or OpenOffice documentsText filesePubLaTex files (for writing formulas and equations)Avoid PDF documents

www.usask.caStep 3-Tools for editing an open textbookAt the DEU we will be using Pressbooks to edit textbooks. It is a popular web-based open source authoring tool based on the WordPress platform.You can import different formats into Pressbooks for editingWordePubHTML


Figure 11: Pressbooks Screen Shot. Source: http://pressbooks.com/, 2016.pressbooks.com


Figure 12: OPENPRESS.USASK.CA Screen Shot. Source: http://openpress.usask.ca/, 2016.

www.usask.caFigure 13: Pressbooks Work Area Screen Shot. Source: https://usaskopenpress.pressbooks.com/wp-admin/post.php?post=20&action=edit, 2016.

Once you start

www.usask.caAccessibilityThe practice of web accessibility allows all users to access completewebsite content. For more information on accessibility visit Usability and Accessibility of the U of S ICT website.

Another excellent resource included in our Authoring Guide is the BC Open Textbook Accessibility Toolkit. This 2 page checklist is an excellent starting point to ensure your open textbook is accessible.

www.usask.caStep 4-Choosing a licenseWhen your adapted textbook is finished you need to decide on the Creative Commons license to use.This is done based on the original textbook license.For example, if the original textbook was licensed with a Share Alike (SA) license, then you must release your book with the same license.For assistance with this contact the DEU or GMCTE.

www.usask.caStep 5-OutputPressbooks will output your textbook in a variety of formats.Its important to make your open textbook as available as possible. Students will have different preferences for accessing your textbook. Print, ePub, PDF, HTML

www.usask.caStep 6-Hosting your bookHow will students access the open textbook?We have a few options at the U of SOn the usask.ca/open/ siteIn a public folder in your Blackboard courseOn your faculty web pageOn your department web pageEmailed to studentsContact the DEU or GMCTE if you need assistance or have questions.


http://openpress.usask.ca/authoring/Figure 14: Usask Open Textbook Authoring Guide Screen Shot. Source: http://openpress.usask.ca/authoring/, 2016.