UNIVERSITY OF NAIROBIHISTORY OF INTERNATIONAL RELATIONSMARVIN NJAU MUNGAIR67/38943/2016
QB) HOW DOES THE STUDY OF HISTORY OF INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS AFFECT OUR DAILY LIVES TODAY?
John Jay, former chief justice of the United States of America and a diplomat, defined History as a narration of the events which have happened among mankind. Including an account of the rise and fall of nations as well as other great changes which have affected political and social conditions of the human race. History without a doubt affects our everyday lives. Below is an argument meriting how the study of History of International Relations affect our daily lives.Scholars all over the world studying the History of International Relations all agree on one thing, it is crucial in avoiding repeating the same mistakes committed by our ancestors. For example the infamous wars, World War 1 (1914) and World War 2 (1939-1945). The causes of these wars were political, territorial and economic disputes that had bottled up for years until they could not take it any longer. The European countries had poor relations with each other and were hell bent on promoting own power and prestige without the regard for human suffering. Looking back at our ancestors poor approach on International Relations, we are now more conscious on how we handle relationships with other nations. Because of our History we now understand that no single country can survive on its own. This is why the United Nations has been able to operate for so long since the year 1945 to this day. We have become more mindful of the idea of International Peace.Unfortunately, terrorism is rapidly growing and forming International Organizations.it is said that the rise of the Al-Qaeda organization began after the United States of America moved in on their country without authorization from the Iraq government to extract their vast deposits of oil. A plentiful natural resource that was once found in Iraq. This is an example of how International Relations has failed. The United States was not sanctioned for their actions which forced a portion of the natives of the land to form a group intended to fight for their rights. This is possibly one of the worst failures of the United Nations since they were supposed to protect the people of Iraq from the United States who were destroying their lands in such of oil breaching the United Nations charter. The idea by the Muslims living in Iraq was noble at first but it quickly turned into senseless killing and use of sanguinary means to achieve an audience with the international community. I believe that this could have all been avoided if the United Nations had stepped in early enough many lives would have been spared .From Al-Qaeda, ISIS (Islamic State of Iraq and Syria) now known as ISIL (Islamic State of Syria and Levant) and the Al-Shabaab based in Somalia broke off and are now terrorizing the World on multiple fronts. The most recent attack was in Paris (13th November 2015) where 129 people were killed and as many were injured. Also in Kenya, Westgate mall (21st September 2013) where 67 people lost their lives and 174 were injured. The rise and growth of terrorism is a result of poor International Relations and because of this, human beings now live in fear because of poor handling of the terrorism threat by the then management of the United Nations.By studying the History of International Relations, the world has evolved from their egomaniacal ways to a more benevolent community. The world through the United Nations is now more accommodating to non-nationals who seek help to better their lives. The UN offers aid in form of food or relief funds to countries that cannot tend to their citizens due to National poverty. Examples of the UN Programs are, the United Nations Development Program (UNDP),United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR), World Food Program (WFP), United Nations Childrens Fund (UNICEF), United Nations Environment Program (UNEP), World Health Organization (WHO), Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO), and the World Bank just to name but a few. This programs are operational to assist poor and disaster stricken countries. In September 9, 2015 Germany took in refugees from Syria and surprised the entire world by promising to take in 500,000 refugees seeking asylum every year for a number of years. In the past History has not been too kind on Germany seeing as how they persecuted persons from different races. This proves how history has influenced our lives today. In the 18th and 19th century the international system was terrible to Africans. The black community was treated as savages and primitive beings. It is for these reasons that the international system treated the Africans as slaves were our ancestors used to be coerced into performing hard tasks like picking coffee for little to no pay not forgetting how they were treated physically by whips on the bare back and torture methods like starving them for days. The black community basically did not have a voice and therefore had no rights. The Africans who remained in Africa were evicted from their homes and placed in less productive land while the Foreigners exploited them and took advantage of their inability to defend themselves as they had inferior weapons. Those who were shipped off to the new world were taken to war to fight for their masters and tend to their crops and their every needs. Today we find that the black community is free to pursue own interest as much as the white man. Today we see the black community are also vocal on important matters. Examples are Nelson Mandela former president of South Africa and freedom fighter Kofi Anan, former secretary general to the United Nations, James Mwangi CEO Equity Bank, Oprah Winfrey media personality and former TV talk host and a pioneer of black lives matter campaign, Ellen Johnson president of Liberia and Barrack Obama president of the United States of America.The strides we have taken to achieving better lives are truly great. History has affected us all for better and for worse. But we still have a lot of work to do if we are to learn from our previous mistakes and move forward, together as one toward a better tomorrow.