Faces of resistance

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  • 1. Faces ofResistance Arianna Bornhof, Sergio Vargas, Rashi Kacker, Anna-Marie Hosking 1

2. What is Resistance? The meaning of Resistance is the acton of opposing something that you disapprove or disagree with. In World War II, the act of resistance can be subjected to many meanings ranging from non- violent acts such as protestng, violent uprisings found in and out of the concentraton camps, hiding Jews, espionage, politcal slander, forgery of documents, ataining weaponry, assistng in escape, and strategically disruptng Nazi actvites.2 3. J e w is h R e s is ta n c e : P a rtis a n U n its in th e F o re s ts 4. The heavily forested areas of Lithuania providedrefuge for some Jews.Those who could reach the forests established familycamps or became partsans.In Lithuania, this actvity took place in the Rudniki Forest and Naroch Forest. 5. The Jewish partsans focused on doing whateverthey could to slow down the German war machine. They began to cut down thecommunicaton lines.The most dangerous missions for the Jewish partsans were missions for the purpose ofobtaining food and needed weapons from thelocal farmers. 6. In the forest, the escapees of the Vilna gheto became fghtng partsans. There were four Jewish partsan detachments in theRudnicki forest: "The Avengers "For Victory""Death of Fascism"Struggle 7. An estmated 20,000 to 30,000 Jewsfought in partsan groups based in theforests of eastern Europe.There were about 30 Jewish partsan detachments and some 21 additonal non-Jewish partsan groups in which Jews fought. 8. In 1944 more than 150 Jewish partsans werefghtng in the Parczew forest north of the Polish city of Lublin; of these only 40 survived untl liberaton. They partcipated in the takeover of the city ofParczew on April 16, 1944. 9. While most Soviet and Polish partsan groups consisted of single, able-bodied men armed for combat, some Jewish fghtersestablished another kind of partsan unit: the family camp, where women, children,and elderly people lived with and wereprotected by the fghters. 10. Treblinka Uprising 1942-1943 11. Treblinka Uprising 1942-1943 It was the largest exterminaton camp afer Auschwitz. Treblinka was designed to look like a train staton. Treblinka I (forced labor camp) ran from 1941 to 1944 while Treblinka II (exterminaton camp) ran for about 13 months from 1942 to 1943. 12. Treblinka Uprising 1942-1943 A revolt within Treblinkabegan strring toward thecompleton of the camp. The revolt was led by Dr.Julian Chorazyski, aformer captain in thePolish Army. Plan of Revolts, bothincluded setng fre tothe camp. Plan #1: Self Sacrifce Plan #2: Weaponry 13. Warsaw Gheto UprisingApril 19, 1943-May 16, 1943 January, 1943: Successful Minor Revolt April 19, 1943: Strategically planned atack against the Mordecai Anielewicz, leader of ZOB Polish Fighter aims at SS OfcersNazisResistance in the Warsaw Ghetto 27 Days LaterMay 16, 1943 Served as a symbol forJewish Gentleman Resisting future resistance in ghetosagainst SS Officersthroughout Europe Alleged Jewish WomenFighters 14. Many Jews refused to be bystanders and allow the atrocities of the Holocaust to occur, they were determined to take action against their perpetrators. Resistance groups were found in nearly all major Jewish Ghettos during World War II, together they plotted ways in which they could disrupt Nazi activities and schedules. 14 15. Images of the fnal days of the Warsaw Gheto Uprising.15 16. The Revolt of theSonderkommando in Birkenau October 7, 1944October 7th, 1944 A group of prisoners who were forced to: bring arrivals into the gas chambers remove their bodies aferwards shave their hair remove their teeth sort through their possessions cremate their bodies dispose of their ashes (many tmes bodies of their own Family memebers) 17. Plotng for the revoluton of the12th Sonderkommando Gunpowder smuggled from Ella Gartner Roza Robota, Regina Safr and Ester Wajsblum made into makeshif grenades using sardine tns Small arms that were slipped through the barbed-wire fence by local partsans Knives and small axes made and hidden by prisoners around the camp 18. Sonderkommando Take Acton Sonderkommando 12 learns that their executon will take place in the next few days Revolt begins around 3pm on the 7th of October Poles in Crematorium 1 begin the revolt. Hungarians in Crematoria 3 and 4 join in while the sonderkommando of Crematorium 2 break through the barb-wires of the camp and open an escape to the woods The shots, the explosions, and the blaring sirens beckon more than 3000 SS troops 19. Thank You Anna for sharing your story with us; it will forever be told for centuries to come. -Sergio, Rashi, Anna, and Ari19 20. ibliography ckerfeld, Lance. "The Revolt of the Sonderkommando in Birkenau." JewishGen, Inc., 20 Nov. 2001. Web. . aranova, Galina. "Svintsyan Partisans." Svencionys. Ed. Marjorie S. Rosenfeld. JewishGen-erosity, 2000. Web. 26 Feb. 2010. . ard, Mitchell. Warsaw Ghetto Uprising. Jewish Viritual Library. 2010. . art, Michael. "Jewish Partisan Resistance & Sabotage." UNTIL OUR LAST BREATH. St. Martin's Press, 2008.Web. 26 Feb. 2010. . The Holocaust. Holocaust Encyclopedia United States Holocaust Memorial Museum. 8 Sept. 1997 . ajzman, Samuel. "Uprising In Treblinka". House Committee of Foreign Affairs. 1 Mar. 2010 . Resistance During the Holocaust." The Holocaust/Genocide Project: AN END TOINTOLERANCE.iEARN, 2005. Web. 26 Feb. 2010. .20 The Revolt at Auschwitz-Birkenau." Jewish Virtual Library - Homepage. Web. 07 Mar. 2010.