Eco-city is relatively recent concept. Many cities are interested to know how to go about . This presentation provides the process that was followed in the cities of Sangli-Miraj-Kupwad in State of Maharashtra, India for building an Action Plan. Unfortunately, the plan got only partially implemented due to paucity of funds. The model could set however an example for other cities to follow.
- 1. Eco-City Action PlanforSangli-Miraj-Kupwadin India Demonstrating Involvement of Government-Business and CommunityByDr. Prasad Modak,Director, Ekonnect Knowledge Foundationprasad.firstname.lastname@example.org Ekonnect Knowledge Foundation
2. Background: Eco-City in IndiaThe first discussions on Eco-City started byMinistry of Environment & Forest (MoEF) in May2000As a part of the 10thPlan activities, Eco-CityProgram was initiated in the year 2002Several Eco-City program launched in sixsmall & medium sized towns The Eco-City program were however noteffective with little or no implementation ofprojects in place.INDIA2013 Ekonnect Knowledge Foundation 3. Reasons for FailureNarrow emphasis on projects andno emphasis on the processAbsence of linkages with programs,plans and policiesPoor community engagementLack of strategic approach towards buildingcapacities and partnerships ( especially PPPs)Absence of political will2013 Ekonnect Knowledge Foundation 4. Sangli- Miraj-Kupwad (SMK)Sangli-Miraj-Kupwad (SMK)represents a typical medium sized cityagglomerationPopulation: 0.49 million (2011)SMK is in the banks of the KrishnaRiverSugar belt of Maharashtra, IndiaKrishna RiverSMKINDIAMAHARASHTRA2013 Ekonnect Knowledge Foundation 5. Glimpses of SMKKrishna river ghat Heritage School buildingDump site in Miraj Traffic junctionWater supplyArtisan in Miraj2013 Ekonnect Knowledge Foundation 6. Key Enabling Factors for Eco-City SMKPolitical will & supportCommitment of City AdministrationSupport from Maharashtra State Pollution ControlBoardInterest from local community2013 Ekonnect Knowledge Foundation 7. Eco-City Action Planning ProcessLaunch of Eco-citywebsiteLaunch of Eco-citywebsiteData Collection &AnalysisData Collection &AnalysisLaunch Workshop(Public meeting)Formation ofCore CommitteeIdentification ofIssues &OpportunitiesIdentification ofIssues &OpportunitiesDesign &implementation ofawareness campaignDesign &implementation ofawareness campaignPreparation of Eco-city CharterPreparation of Eco-city CharterPreparation of DraftAction PlanPreparation of DraftAction PlanCore CommitteeMeetingFinal Workshop(Public meeting)Approval inGeneral BodymeetingFinal Eco-CityAction PlanFinal Eco-CityAction PlanStakeholderConsultationWorkshopPHASEIInputsDisclosureMobilization offinancial resourcesMobilization offinancial resources2013 Ekonnect Knowledge Foundation 8. Action Plan Implementation ProcessFinal Eco-CityAction PlanFinal Eco-CityAction PlanPHASEIIPHASEIFormation of SMKEco-City Pvt. Ltd(SEPL)Implementation ofEco-City ActionPlanImplementation ofEco-City ActionPlanImplementation ofAwarenessCampaignsImplementation ofAwarenessCampaignsMonitoring of Eco-City Action PlanMonitoring of Eco-City Action PlanReview &Adaptation ofAction planReview &Adaptation ofAction plan2013 Ekonnect Knowledge Foundation 9. Overall Approach2013 Ekonnect Knowledge Foundation 10. Multi-Stakeholder Engagement: SnapshotAwarenessworkshopLaunchworkshopDrawingand slogancompetitionLaunchofwebsiteAwarenesslectures incollegesPromotion ofwebsite throughstickersWorkshopon Eco-cityWorkshopon Eco-cityPublicMeetingExtensiveField Visits2013 Ekonnect Knowledge Foundation 11. Community EngagementCommunity is informed about Eco-City ActionPlanning process, objectives and expectedoutcomesIndividuals, communityrepresentatives participate inidentifying issues and opportunitiesKey stakeholdersinvolved in identifyingsolutions / interventionDecisionMaking forimplementationCommunity Participation & Stakeholder Involvement atvarious stages of the Eco-city Action Plan2013 Ekonnect Knowledge Foundation 12. Mapping exercise to identifyand locate issue areasParticipants: Citizens,regulators, businessmen,financiers, NGOs, research &academiaResult: Identification of locations of concern Severity of identified issues Prioritizing issues Ongoing initiatives Possible opportunitiesFocus Group Discussions2013 Ekonnect Knowledge Foundation 13. MAPPING EXERCISE2013 Ekonnect Knowledge Foundation 14. Core CommitteeCore committee was formulated to Serve as a think tank for the Program Review and suggestComprised of elected members of SMKMC,engineers, builders, architects, activists,academia & other influential people in SMKCore CommitteeCore CommitteeEMCEMCSMKMCSMKMCConsult andimplementReview and FacilitateDevelop Action PlanInteract with Citizens, NGOs,Professional Bodies,Academic and ResearchInstitutesInteract with Citizens, NGOs,Professional Bodies,Academic and ResearchInstitutesInteract with State andCentral Bodies, InternationalOrganizationsInteract with State andCentral Bodies, InternationalOrganizations2013 Ekonnect Knowledge Foundation 15. Awareness programs lectures inschools & colleges, drawing and slogancompetition, Stickers, launch of website,media coverage etc.Public meetings At the time of launch After preparation of Draft PlanRecommendations were incorporated inthe relevant Action Plans. New actionswere also added, such as, Truck Terminal, Haripur Nallahremediation, Participatory budget etc.Citizen Awareness & Participation2013 Ekonnect Knowledge Foundation 16. Eco-City Website: Eco-VoicesLaunch of Eco-City website www.ecocitysmk.netPurpose: Awareness generation, Information dissemination,promote the concept of Eco-City, share various outputs, stimulatenetworking Integrated tool on GoogleMaps to allow citizens toprovide location-specificcomments Interactive features mapping, opinion polls &discussion groups2013 Ekonnect Knowledge Foundation 17. Eco-City Website: Eco-Voices2013 Ekonnect Knowledge Foundation 18. Commitment to Eco-City The Charter for Eco-City Action Plan was developed whichcomprised of - Vision Statement, Policy, Guiding Principles & GoalsDifferent Aspirations in VisioningVision Statement: The citizens of Sangli-Miraj-Kupwad (SMK) will work togetherto help make their cities a clean, healthy and safe place. SMK as an emergingEco-City will grow by following the path of sustainable development wheredecisions for development will need to be inclusive and integrate economic,environmental and social considerations.2013 Ekonnect Knowledge Foundation 19. Commitment to Eco-City Pledge was taken by the officials aswell as public in the public meeting We are committed to Clean and GreenSMK Eco-City and we will strive toachieve it.Standing Committee approved theEco-City Action Plan in the GeneralBody Meeting of the MunicipalCorporation on 7thOct 2010Standing committees decision:This meeting approves the SMK Eco-City Action Plan and all its components.The project should be implemented2013 Ekonnect Knowledge Foundation 20. SMK Eco-City Report2013 Ekonnect Knowledge Foundation 21. Thematic ApproachComposite Actions1. Environmental Awareness Centre2. Environmental Monitoring Plan3. Green School Program4. Advanced Locality Management5. Ward level Score Card6. GHG Inventorization7. EMS ISO 140018. Participatory Budget2013 Ekonnect Knowledge Foundation 22. Framework for Action EvolutionPolicy Plan Programs ProjectsSituationAnalysisGapAssessmentBenchmarksComplianceRequirementsVisionGuidingPrinciplesInstitutionalArrangementsFinancialResourcesCommunityParticipation2013 Ekonnect Knowledge Foundation 23. Highlights of ActionsDistribution of Awareness programs to support eachthemeDistribution of Actions (4P) PerspectiveDistribution of Actions under each theme2013 Ekonnect Knowledge Foundation 24. Illustrations forCommunity driven Actions2013 Ekonnect Knowledge Foundation 25. Proposal for an Environmental Awareness and Activity CentreBenefits Demonstrate green building design andtechnology Initiate innovative outreach programs forenvironmental awareness Promote dialogue and interactionbetween the different stakeholders Provide resources Provide expert advice on greentechnology and environmental issuesEstimated CostsUS $ 0.7 millionThe Operation cost will be covered by the revenuegenerated within the Centre.2013 Ekonnect Knowledge Foundation 26. Development of Advanced Locality Management (ALM)BenefitsIncreased sense of responsibilityand awareness of civic issues (e.g.waste segregation, composting,cleanliness) among residentsReduced burden on SMKMC as ALMshares responsibility, interactsclosely with ward officer to resolveissuesExample of ALM in Mumbai, MaharashtraNeighborhood Initiative; Community Based Organization inthe form of Advanced Locality Management (ALM)Supported by Municipal Corporation of Greater Mumbai(MCGM)Number of Households: 1252013 Ekonnect Knowledge Foundation 27. Green School Programme (GSP)BenefitsPhase-wise implementation covers alarge audienceMultiplier effect as students andsuccessive generations carry learningfrom GSPImpact on larger society of parents,teachers and institution staffRepository of knowledge base andresources for the neighborhoodConnect school curriculum, teaching-learning methodologies and overallmanagement of the schoolEstimated CostsUS $ 0.15 MillionGSP to cover 40 schools out of around 170 in the SMKarea. These should include English and Marathi medium,Government aided and Private.2013 Ekonnect Knowledge Foundation 28. Features ofAwareness PlanJan Feb MarApr May JunJul Aug SepOct Nov DecInclusive of all themes andstakeholders mentioned inthe Action PlanShift from EnvironmentEducation (EE) toEducation for SustainableDevelopment (ESD)Phase-wise planning forincorporation of feedbackfrom stakeholdersBlended nature of activitiesencompassing all awarenesstechniques2013 Ekonnect Knowledge Foundation 29. Estimation of Cost of Various ActionsThemeNoActions Indicative Cost( in US $)Tech.AssistCapitalCostTotal CostWater 1 Pilot Projects on Rooftop RWH 0.00 21,500 21,5002 Comprehensive Hydro-Geological Study 41,700 0.00 41,7003 Manual Preparation on RWH for SMK region 10,200 0.00 10,2004 City level Initiatives for Storm WaterManagement0.00 0.00 0.005 Door-to-door Program on Leak Repairs andRetro