Dr. D. Andrew Wardell Presentation for the conference on Taking stock of smallholders and community forestry Montpellier France March 24-26, 2010
1. Demonstrating, Regulating and Celebrating Community Forestry REDD in Cambodia, Indonesia and Papua New Guinea Dr. D. Andrew Wardell Taking stock of smallholder and community forestry Where do we go from here? CIFOR/CIRAD/IRD, Montpellier 24-26 March 2010 Norad grant GLO 4244, INS 09/010/Rockefeller Foundation grant 2009 COR 202
Why community forestry and REDD?
Papua New Guinea
3. Case study framework
Focus on a two year period (2007-2009); work in progress; REDD still being invented.
Progress with community forestry
REDD readiness and projects
Case study a REDD project or an event
4. Why community forestry and REDD?
Community forestry not yet performing well
Custodians of the land/resources?
Moving out of poverty?
Limits of decentralization in practice
REDD financing the missing link?
Early optimism and cautionary notes
Community forest management
State-granted privileges and management by restriction, exclusion and fear
Legal pluralism and the negotiation of access and rights
Untying rights to resources from the territorial claims of the state
Rents of non-enforcement
Contradictory forest policies?
Invites Parties to further strengthen and support ongoing efforts to reduce emissions from deforestation and forest degradation on a voluntary basis;
3. Further encourages Parties to explore a range of actions, identify options and undertake efforts, including demonstration activities , to address the drivers of deforestation relevant to their national circumstances.
War - commodification of forests
Peace accord, 1991
Moratorium on forest concessions, (3.4m ha), 31.12.2000
Commune Sangkat Law, 2001
Economic Land Concessions, 2005
Annual Bidding Coupes w/e 2007
Organic Law, 2008
Global Witness, 1999-Oct. 2009
Cambodia - Context
Sub-Decree on CF, 2003
prakas 8-step CF process
CF training materials and mapping services
124 CF sites protected by law (15 years + 15)
Community vs. conservation forestry ( Rectangular Strategy II, Nov. 2008)
2 million ha CF by 2020 (19% of national forest estate)