Composition skills in Film Making

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Lecture by me @ BITS-Pilani campus on the compositional skills required in Film making via Still Photography techniques

Transcript

  • Still Photography & Cinematography
  • WHY?
    • To make the frame visually interesting
    • Aesthetically pleasing
    • First step, before lighting and sounds
  • How?
    • Rule of thirds
    • Diagonal rule
    • Minimalism
    • Correct perspective
    • Using lines/patterns/curves
  • RULE OF THIRDS
  • LOOKING SPACE
    • Empty space on the side where subject is looking/facing/talking
    • Less constricted
    • More important in cinematography
  • RULES ARE MEANT TO BE BROKEN?
  • MOTION SPACE
    • Empty space on the side where subject is walking/running
    • Heightens the feeling of motion
  • DIAGONAL RULE
    • Subject is placed on the diagonal line of the frame
    • Adds drama and action
  • MINIMALISM
    • Removing clutter
    • Prominent subject
    • Eye catching
  • CORRECT PERSPECTIVE
    • High angle shots
    • Low angle shots
    • Getting down to subjects level: Eye level shots
  • HIGH ANGLE SHOTS
    • Subject looks diminished
  • LOW ANGLE SHOTS
    • Subject looks dominating
  • EYE LEVEL SHOTS
    • More comfortable for viewer
    • Relates to the subjects point of view
  • USING LINES/PATTERNS
  • ANGLED HORIZON
    • Attracts attention
    • Heightens energy
  • LEVEL HORIZON
    • Adds stability
  • ARTISTIC SHOTS
  • STORY TELLING
  • CINEMATOGRAPHY
  • USING PHOTOGRAPHY
    • Same composition rules apply
    • 7 basic types of shots
  • 7 BASIC SHOTS
    • Extreme close up
    • Close up
    • Medium close up
    • Medium
    • Medium Long
    • Long
    • Extremely Long
  • EXTREME CLOSE-UP
    • Captures from mid-forehead to just above the chin, or even closer
    • Used to show details/ emphasize
  • CLOSE-UP
    • Captures the face, just above the shoulder
    • Used to show emotions
  • MEDIUM CLOSE-UP
    • Cuts the body just below the armpit
    • Used to show reactions
  • MEDIUM
    • Cuts the body just above the waist
  • MEDIUM LONG
    • From head to below the knees
    • Used to show gestures clearly
  • LONG
    • Shows the entire body
    • Used to establish the location
  • EXTREME LONG
    • Shows entire body with more surroundings
  • LOW ANGLE SHOTS
  • SLUMDOG MILLIONAIRE: CHASE SEQUENCE
    • Low angle dynamic shots
    • Dominating subject: Running kids
    • Minor subject: Policeman
    • Purpose : To show helpless policeman
  • HIGH ANGLE SHOTS
  • LORD OF THE RINGS: MOUNTAIN SEQUENCE
    • High angle landscape shots
    • Extremely long shots
    • Purpose : To show the mountains vastness
  • CLOSE UP SHOTS
  • LOCK, STOCK AND TWO SMOKING BARRELS: POKER TABLE SEQUENCE
    • Focuses on facial expressions
    • Purpose : To capture emotions
  • SHOT/REVERSE SHOTS
  • REAR WINDOW
    • Narrative construction
    • The camera frames one person facing right and the other facing left.
    • Use of DOF
  • SLUMDOG MILLIONAIRE
    • Narrative construction
    • The camera frames one person facing right and the other facing left.
    • Use of DOF
  • USING DOF: OBJECTS IN THE FOREGROUND
  • THE OFFICE: A MOCUMENTARY SIT-COM
    • Using objects in the foreground to create DOF
    • Can get distracting
    • Purpose : To show secrecy and concealment
  • WIDE ANGLE SHOTS
  • REVOLVER
    • Large field of view
    • Fish-eye lens
    • Importance to foreground
    • Purpose : To show importance of chess moves
  • EXTREMELY CLOSE UP SHOTS
  • NATIONAL GEOGRAPHIC
    • Shots of insects
    • Extremely close up shots
    • Purpose : Extra details
  • FOLLOWING THE SUBJECT
  • AMELIE
    • Following moving subject in an arc
    • Subjects level on the ground
    • Purpose : Gives a more unique and more personal perspective to the viewer
  • FAMOUS SHOTS
  • BREAKFAST CLUB
    • Establishing shot
    • Destruction of school property
  • THE SHINING
    • Psycho thriller
    • Jack Nicholson breaking the door
    • Famous dialogue: Heres Johnny!
  • THANK YOU
    • Credits: Nikon D80, Canon S2IS, Google
    • All rights reserved to Aditya Rao