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15 th Century Italian Art- Humanism and Antiquity Chapter 21 p574

Chap 21 15th century italian art humanism and antiquity

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Text of Chap 21 15th century italian art humanism and antiquity

  • 1.15 thCentury Italian Art- Humanism and Antiquity Chapter 21 p574

2. Allure of Antiquity

  • Humanism/ political/ economic
  • Quest for knowledge- Greeks and Romans
  • Dante Divine Comedy ( Heaven & Hell)
  • Humanist believed in individual potential and encouraged individual achievement along with civic responsibility.

3. The Medici Family and Princely Courts

  • Banking Family -Medici Family who had managed to prosper economically came to artistic circles
  • Not a court family
  • Princely courts- high demand for art/ many people working for the prince, court artists needed

4. A Competition in 1330

  • Florence baptistery doors
  • Great prestige if you won
  • Pisano and Giovanni did the south side doors
  • The Subject Sacrifice of Isaac for the second set of doors

5. The Competition, Who Won? Brunelleschi Sacrifice of Isaac 1400 Drapery, flying Issacs throat, knife Ghiberti Sacrifice of Isaac -1400 , S Curve, posed, Roman?, nude male 6. Donatello Feast of Herod 1425

  • Each character has a different face
  • King Herod receives the head of John the Baptist.
  • Horror
  • Children move back
  • Perspective- Ancient Roman illusionism returned

7. Ghiberti the doors are lighter, more illusion 8. Di Banco Four Crowned Saints - 1408

  • More space to work with
  • Drapery
  • Rome
  • Saints
  • Personality
  • (saint means holy to God)

9. Donatello St. Mark 1413

  • Movement
  • Drapery
  • Doryphoros
  • Shifting weight
  • Outside niche?

10. Habbakuk Seer aka Pumpkin Head by Donatello 11. Da Favriano- Adoration of the Magi - 1423

  • Gentile, Gothic
  • Frame over elaborate
  • Experimental trends
  • Naturalistic meets inventive
  • International style
  • Elaborate costumed styles
  • Forshortened forms

12. Masaccio Tribute Money - 1427

  • Descendant of Giotto, calm style
  • Tax collector St. Peter retrieves money (state income tax)
  • Continuous Narrative modeling blurring of background as the background descends

13. Masaccio Expulsion from Eden -

  • Hazy background
  • Deep relief with light
  • Adams feet on the ground represent the decent into the Earth
  • They are stumbling in blindly

14. Masaccio Holy Trinity - 1428

  • Illusionism important
  • Vanishing point at the foot of the cross
  • Pictorial Illusionism
  • Made as a tombstone
  • Brunelleschi- inspired architecture
  • Despair of death below

15. Florence Cathedral Dome Brunelleschi - 1420

  • Brunelleschi turned to arch after loosing the baptistery commission. Turned to architecture was heavilyinfluenced by Roman architecture.
  • Solve engineering problems, Used new building methods, made new machinery, made the dome a pointed arch

16. Santo Spirito Basilica Church Brunelleschi 1436 Rhythmic harmony , clarity no room for murals

  • Cruciform shape

17. Private Chapels - Brunelleschi

  • Pazzi family gift to the church of Santo spirito, medallions serve on the corners as pendentives.

18. 19. Medici as Patrons

  • Medicis had a fortune
  • Cosimo intended to build his palace
  • He had political power as well
  • Wealthy families struggled for power, Medicis got kicked out of Florence
  • Hired Bartolommeo to work on his palace( Bart- worked with Donatello)

20. Medici Palace 1445 -Bartolommeo

  • Building looks higher as you look up
  • Roman Rusticated masonry
  • Independence from the antique
  • Early Renaissance style

21. Donatello David Late 1420s

  • Classically inspired
  • Commissioned by the Medicis
  • First free standing sculpture since ancient times
  • Classical nude
  • Biblical David slaying Goliath

22. Verrocchio - David

  • Important sculptor during the late 15 thcentury
  • Very realistic, quiet, classic
  • Hunter stance

23. Pollaiuolo Battle of the Ten Nudes - 1465

  • Twisted bodies
  • Viewpoints
  • Nude figure
  • Slashing no mercy
  • muscles

24. Botticelli Birth of Venus- 1482

  • Zephyrus blows Venus- born of sea foam and carried on a cockle shell to her sacred island Cyprus.Nymph covers her
  • Mythology
  • Anatomy
  • Romance

25. Rise of Portraiture Botticelli 1480s(Tempera on Panel)

  • Exploration of character Botticelli
  • Elegant hand gesture
  • Expressing
  • Worked with Fra Filippo Lippi

26. Equestrian Sculpture

  • Dominant in character
  • Portrait of Erasmo da Narni 1450
  • Military leaders Venetian commander

27. Ghirlandaio Florentine Art 1488

  • A wealthy mans daughter
  • Rigid,prominent placement
  • Sacred

28. Ghirlandaio Saint Anne mother of Mary - 1485 29. Alberti Florence Italy - 1452

  • Classical elements to contemporary buildings
  • Building Palazzo Rucellai 1452
  • Lighter at top
  • Columns

30. Alberti Santa Maria Novella 1458 Rations, pre Gothic design, 31. Images of Devotion

  • Fra Angelico -1440
  • Dominican Monastery
  • Simple image, clarity

32. Castagno Last Supper -1447

  • Biblical narrative
  • Perspective
  • Lavish
  • Both ceiling and floor visible?

33. Perugino Christ Delivering the Keys of the Kingdom to Saint Peter Vatican1481 Total Authority Roman Catholic Church - Rome 34. Alberti Sant Andrea-1470 Classical elements, rebuilding a church