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Gandhi and Mandela

Gandhi and MandelaBy Clinton Schooler

1ApartheidA system of legal racism and segregation that was enforced in South Africa between 1948 and 1994The majority of South Africa consisted of non-whites, while whites as the minority reserved this power to segregate those of colorThe act of apartheid sparked many times of resistance inside South AfricaNelson Mandela was a major advocate and driving force towards ending the apartheidMandelas inauguration to the presidential position of South Africa in 1994 marked the beginning of the end of apartheidAlthough it has been abolished, apartheid has shaped the way society looks and acts today in South Africa

2SatyagrahaThe term Satyagraha refers to an act of nonviolent resistance that was developed Mohandas Gandhi to fight the injustices of colonizationThe word stems from two Sanskrit wordsSatya meaning truthAgraha meaning insistenceThis form of resistance influenced two major civil rights activists in the last century; Martin Luther King Jr. and Nelson MandelaA person who acts in this form of nonviolent resistance is called a satyagrahiGandhis most famous acts of satyagraha were his hunger strikes

3African National CongressThe African National congress is commonly abbreviated as ANCAlong with the support of a tripartite alliance with the Congress of South African Trade Unions (COSATU) and the South African Communist Part (SACP) the ANC has been the governing left-wing party in South Africa since the establishment of non-racial democracy in April 1994The group defines itself as the disciplined force of the leftThe ANC has been the ruling party of the South African government since the end of ApartheidNelson Mandela was a part of the ANC in his time of inaguration

4Dandi Salt MarchThe Dandi Salt March in 1930 was a 240 mile walk that was led by Mohandas Gandhi in response to an unfair tax imposed on salt in IndiaIt was the most organized and effective challenge on British authority in the colonized IndiaThe purpose of the march was to produce salt from the sea without the taxOnce Gandhi began producing his own salt he was arrested and cause much unrest in the nation of IndiaOver 80,000 Indians were arrested as a result of the Salt SatyagrahaThis march is equated with triggering the wider civil disobedience movement in India

5SourcesApartheid Wikipediahttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/South_Africa_under_apartheidSatyagraha Wikipediahttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/SatyagrahaAfrican National Congress Wikipediahttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/African_National_CongressDandi Salt March Wikipediahttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Salt_Satyagraha6


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