Camera Movements

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Powerpoint focusing on various camera movements with definitions and possible dramatic meanings

Text of Camera Movements

  • 1. Camera Movements Definitions & Meaning

2. Pan

  • DEFINITION:
  • The horizontal movement of a camera from left to right or vice versa, where the camera base is static
  • DRAMATIC MEANING:
  • New information is revealed. It could be about the parameters of a location, an important clue, or a hidden character

3. Pan Example: Traffic 4. Tilt

  • DEFINITION:
  • A camera movement in which the base remains stationary, but the head of the camera moves up and down
  • DRAMATIC MEANING:
  • Used as a reveal to- sizing up a building or another character

5. Tilt Example: Raging Bull 6. Tracking Shot

  • DEFINITION:
  • A camera movement where the camera follows the action on rails or tracks
  • DRAMATIC MEANING:
  • Often used to follow action

7. Tracking Shot Example 8. Dolly

  • DEFINITION:
  • A platform on wheels, on which a camera can be placed in order to allow more freedom of movement during filming. Not restricted to simple rectilinear movements
  • DRAMATIC MEANING:
  • Used to follow action

9. Dolly Example 10. Crane

  • DEFINITION:
  • The camera is placed on an arm and allows it to be lifted into the air, often for high-angle shots
  • DRAMATIC MEANING:
  • Can be used to reveal secrets and pertinent events

11. Crane Example: The Player 12. Steadicam

  • DEFINITION:
  • Has the freedom of a handheld shot but its stabilisation device smoothes out the bumpiness of the handheld shot
  • DRAMATIC MEANING:
  • Can be used for point-of-view shots, but also used to suggest dreams and fantasies

13. Steadicam Example: Russian Ark 14. Handheld

  • DEFINITION:
  • The camera is literally handheld by the camera operator. Often bumpy/jerky
  • DRAMATIC MEANING:
  • Often used to suggest instability

15. Handheld Example: The Blair Witch Project 16. Zoom

  • DEFINITION:
  • A single shot which moves towards a particular subject
  • DRAMATIC MEANING:
  • When done very quickly it can displace the audience, but it can also be used to concentrate the viewers gaze on something specific

17. Zoom Example 18. Reverse Zoom

  • DEFINITION:
  • A single shot which moves away from a particular subject
  • DRAMATIC MEANING:
  • When done very quickly it can displace the audience, but it can also be used to show the wider picture or context of an image

19. Reverse Zoom Example: Vertigo