Fluid movementFluid motion is the ability to create a smooth
transitional shot from one place to another. This movement will
help create a sense of movement for the viewers and allow them to
have a steady transition rather than a bumpy wobbly one.
Head RoomHead room is the space between a persons head and the
top of the frame. It is very important that the head does not
appear too much or too little in the frame. Using the rule of
thirds should allow you to perform this movement accurately as the
rule of third suggests the characters eyes should be a third of the
way down from the top of the frame.
Nose RoomNose room is the space between the side of the frame
and a subjects face. Nose room is used to allow a good amount of
space between the characters face and the side of the frame. Using
the rule of thirds the subjects head should be in a third and the
space between the characters face and the side should be two
thirds.Good Nose RoomBad Nose Room Thisspace needsto be in front of
Lead RoomLead room is the amount of space in front and in the
direction of still or moving subjects. To create a good lead shot
there should be space in the direction of which the subject is
moving or facing. Lead room is used to create good spacing between
the subject and the area in front of him.
Anticipatory movementAnticipatory movement is the ability to
predict where the subject is going to move to. Moving the camera to
produce this camera movement would require you to have a steady
fluid movement. To create a good anticipatory movement then the
camera should be positioned so that in all frames there is good
lead room and head room.
PanA camera movement which involves the camera moving from left
to right or right to left on a fixed central axis. This movement is
usually used to show the entire surroundings or to follow a object
or character. A pan movement is usually at its best when mounted
onto a tripod so it has a steady central axis. A pan can also be
produced by the camera crew sitting the camera on their shoulder
and panning the camera, to do this the cameraman has to make sure
the pan is smooth andfollowing the same horizontal line.
Tracking shotA tracking shot is usually used to track an object
or character. Thiscamera movement works by the camera being
parallel to the action. This is camera movement is usually created
by the camera being mounted onto a tripod and then onto a moving
object, more complicated tracking shots use more advanced
TiltA camera tilt is created by tilting a stationary camera.
This camera movement often creates a sense of tension, unease or
disorientation for the character, this will in turn create a sense
of suspense for the audience.
Dolly shotTo create a dolly shot the camera has to be mounted
onto a dolly which will backwards and forwards along tracks
recording the relevant action. The dolly moves along tracks to make
sure that it follows a steady line.
Crane shotA crane shot is created by attaching the camera to a
platform and then attaching it to a mechanical arm which allows the
camera to film footage from a horizontal or vertical angle
depending on the required footage. The equipment used for a crane
shot comes in many different sizes which one you use also depends
on the footage you wish to film.
SteadicamA steadicam is a piece of equipment which allows you to
strap the camera to yourself and move around filming. The steadicam
will then stabiles the recording removing all the jerking around
which would be present without the stabilise allowing for smooth
footage to be filmed.
Reverse zoomReverse zoom is a camera movement which is created
by the camera moving away from the foreground to allow the
background to appear in a scene. This will then help to see the
character in a wider camera shot.