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2. Former Name: BURJ DUBAI Preceded by: TAIPEI 101 Type: Mixed Use Location: DUBAI, UAE Construction Started: JANUARY 2004 Completed: 2010 Opening: 4 JAN 2010 Cost: USD $ 1.5 BILLION 3. Architectural: 828 m(2,717 ft) Tip: 829.8 m(2,722 ft) Roof: 828 m(2,717 ft) Top Floor: 584.5 m(1,918 ft) Observatory: 452.1 m(1,483 ft) Elevators: 57 4. Floor Count: 163 Floors Plus 46 Maintenance levels and 2 Parking levels Floor Area: 309,473 sq. mt(3,331,100 sq. ft.) Architect: ADRIAN SMITH at SOM Developer: EMAAR PROPERTIES Structural Engineer: BILL BAKER at SOM Website: 5. Designed to be center piece of DUBAI Burj Khalifa was designed to be the centerpiece of a large-scale, mixed-use development that would include30,000 Homes,9 Hotels,3 Hectares (7.4 Acres) of Parkland,At least 19 Residential towers,The Dubai Mall,12-hectare (30-acre) man-made Burj Khalifa Lake. The building has returned the location of Earths tallest freestandingstructure to the Middle East, where the Great Pyramid of Giza claimed thisachievement for almost four millennia(4,000 YEARS) 6. Tallest existing structure: 829.8 m (2,722 ft) (previously KVLY-TV mast 628.8 m/2,063 ft) Tallest structure ever built: 829.8 m (2,722 ft) (previously Warsaw radiomast 646.38 m/2,121 ft) Tallest skyscraper (to top of spire): 829.8 m (2,722 ft) (previously Taipei101 509.2 m/1,671 ft) Tallest freestanding structure: 829.8 m (2,722 ft) (previously CN Tower 553.3 m/1,815 ft) Tallest skyscraper to top of antenna: 829.8 m (2,722 ft) (previouslythe Willis (formerly Sears) Tower 527 m/1,729 ft) Building with most floors: 163 (previously World Trade Center 110)Building with worlds highest occupied floor 7. Worlds highest elevator installation (situated inside a rod at the very topof the building) Worlds second highest outdoor observation deck: 124th floor at 452 m(1,483 ft) When it first opened, the observation deck was the highestoutdoor observation deck in the World, but it has since been surpassedby Cloud Top 488 on top of Canton Tower. Worlds highest installation of an aluminium and glass faade: 512 m(1,680 ft) Highest vertical concrete pumping (for a building): 606 m (1,988 ft)First worlds tallest structure to include residential space Worlds longest travel distance elevators Worlds highest nightclub: 144th floor Worlds highest New Year display of fireworks. 8. Worlds highest restaurant (At.mosphere): 122nd floor at 442 m (1,450 ft)(previously 360, at a height of 350 m/1,148 ft in CN Tower) Worlds second highest swimming pool: 76th floor (worlds highestswimming pool is located on 118th floor of Ritz-Carlton Hotelat International Commerce Centre, Hong Kong). Emaar Properties announced on 9 June 2008 that construction of BurjKhalifa was delayed by upgraded finishes and would be completed onlyin September 2009.[38] An Emaar spokesperson said "The luxury finishes that were decided on in2004, when the tower was initially conceptualized, is now being replacedby upgraded finishes. A revised completion date of 2 December 2009 was then announced. 9. The tower is designed by Skidmore, Owings and Merrill, which alsodesigned the Willis Tower (formerly the Sears Tower) in Chicago and thenew One World Trade Center in New York City. The Burj Khalifa uses the bundled tube design, invented by Fazlur RahmanKhan. Proportionally, the design uses half the amount of steel used in theconstruction of the Empire State Building thanks to the tubular system. 10. The spire of Burj Khalifa is composed of more than 4,000 tonnes (4,400short tons; 3,900 long tons) of structural steel. The central pinnacle pipe weighing 350 tonnes (390 short tons; 340 longtons) was constructed from inside the building and jacked to its full heightof over 200 m (660 ft.) using a strand jack system. The sky lobbies on the 43rd and 76th floors house swimming pools. Floors through to 108 have 900 privateresidential apartments(which, according to the developer, sold out withineight hours of being on the market). An outdoor zero-entry swimming pool is located on the 76th floor of thetower. Burj Khalifa is expected to hold up to 35,000 people at any one time. A total of 57 elevators and 8 escalators are installed. 11. The elevators have a capacity of 12 to 14 people per cabin, the fastestrising and descending at up to 10 m/s (33 ft./s). Engineers had considered installing the worlds first triple-deckelevators, but the final design calls for double-deck elevators. The double-deck elevators are equipped with entertainment featuressuch as LCD displays to serve visitors during their travel to the observationdeck. The building has 2,909 stairs from the ground floor to the 160th floor. 12. The Burj Khalifas water system supplies an average of 946,000 l(250,000 US gal) of water per day through 100 km (62 mi) of pipes. An additional 213 km (132 mi) of piping serves the fire emergency system 34 km (21 mi) pipe lines supplies chilled water for the air conditioningsystem. To wash the 24,348 windows, totaling 120,000 m2 (1,290,000 sq. ft.) of glass,a horizontal track has been installed on the exterior of Burj Khalifa at levels40, 73, and 109. Each track holds a 1,500 kg (3,300 lbs.) bucket machine which moveshorizontally and then vertically using heavy cables. 13. Above level 109, Unmanned machineswill clean the top 27 additional tiers andthe glass spire. The cleaning system was developed inMelbourne, Australia at a costof A$8 million. The contract for building the state-of-the-art machines was won by Australiancompany Cox Gomyl. Under normal conditions, when all building maintenance units will beoperational, it will take 36 workers three to four months to clean the entireexterior faade. 14. WET Enterprises designed a fountain system at a cost of Dh 800 million(US$217 million). Illuminated by 6,600 lights and 50 coloured projectors, it is 275 m (902 ft)long and shoots water 150 m (490 ft) into the air 15. Opened on 5 January 2010 on the 124th floor. It is the third highest observation deck in the world and the secondhighest outdoor observation deck in the world, at 452 m (1,483 ft) 16. Burj Khalifa is surrounded by an 11 ha (27-acre) park designed bylandscape architects SWA Group. The system will provide 6,80,00,000 L (15,000,000 imp gal) annually. 17. Floors Use160 and above Mechanical156159Communicationand broadcast155 Mechanical139154 Corporate suites136138 Mechanical125135 Corporate suites124At theTop observatory123 Sky lobby122At.mosphere restaurant111121 Corporate suites109110 Mechanical77108 Residential76 Sky lobby7375 Mechanical4472 Residential43 Sky lobby4042 Mechanical3839Armani Hotelsuites1937 Residential1718 Mechanical916ArmaniResidences18 Armani HotelGround Armani HotelConcourse Armani HotelB1B2Parking,mechanical The following are the breakdown ofFloors. 18. 13 May 2007: Sets record for vertical concrete pumping on any building at452 m (1,483 ft), surpassing the 449.2 m (1,474 ft) to which concrete waspumped during the construction of Taipei 101, while Burj Khalifa reachedthe 130th floor. January 2004: Excavation commences. February 2004: Piling starts. 21 September 2004: Emaar contractors begin construction. March 2005: Structure of Burj Khalifa starts rising. June 2006: Level 50 is reached. February 2007: Surpasses the Sears Tower as the building with the most floors 21 July 2007: Surpasses Taipei 101, whose height of 509.2 m (1,671 ft)made it the worlds tallest building, and level 141 reached.[29][94]12 August 2007: Surpasses the Sears Tower antenna, which stands 527.3 m(1,730 ft). 19. 1 September 2008: Height tops 688 m (2,257 ft), making it the tallest man-made structure ever built, surpassing the previous record-holder,the Warsaw Radio Mast in Konstantynw, Poland. 12 September 2007: At 555.3 m (1,822 ft), becomes the worlds tallestfreestanding structure, surpassing the CN Tower in Toronto, and level 150reached. 7 April 2008: At 629 m (2,064 ft), surpasses the KVLY-TV Mast to becomethe tallest man-made structure, level 160 reached. 17 June 2008: Emaar announces that Burj Khalifas height is over 636 m(2,087 ft) and that its final height will not be given until it is completed inSeptember 2009. 17 January 2009: Topped out at 829.8 m (2,722 ft). 1 October 2009: Emaar announces that the exterior of the building iscompleted. 20. 10 March 2010 Council on Tall Buildings and Urban Habitat (CTBUH)certifies Burj Khalifa as worlds tallest building. 4 January 2010: Burj Khalifas official launch ceremony is held and BurjKhalifa is opened. Burj Dubai renamed Burj Khalifa in honor of thePresident of the UAE and ruler of Abu Dhabi, Sheikh Khalifa bin Zayed alNahyan. 21. BURJ KHALIFA has got 28 AWARDS till date 22. Photographer Joe McNally Takes Photo From Top Of Burj Khalifa, Worlds TallestSkyscraper, In Dubai.