Biodiversity cites seminar

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2. CONVENTION ON BIOLOGICAL DIVERSITY 3. variability among living organisms from all sources and the ecosystem 4. CONVENTION? AGREEMENT CBD is a comprehensive, binding agreement covering the use and conservation of biodiversity. 5. 6. 1993 DEC 291992JUNE 5Enforce into action Signature at UNCED (Rio Earth Summit)1992 MAY 22Agreed the text of CBD1991Group become Intergovernmental Negotiating Committee (INC)1989Group Prepared an international legal instrument for conservation & sustainable use of BD1988UNEP Ad Hoc working Group of Experts on BD explore need for international CBD 7. - 22 May, 1992 in Nairobi, Kenya 8. o Preamble o 42 articles o 2 Annexures 11 Conference Of the Parties ( COP) meetings. 9. Conscious of values & components of BD. Conservation & maintenance of sustainable use of BD. Reaffirming sovereign rights & responsibility of BD. Aware of BD loss by human activities & plan to take measures. Need of full participation of women from policy making to implementation. Establish strong cooperation among states, regions.. Provide additional financial resources & relevant technologies. Commitment to conserve & sustainable use of BD for the benefit of present and future generations. 10. OBJECTIVES OF CBD:1 Conservation & sustainable use of BD. Fair & equitable sharing of benefits arising from the use of genetic resources. Appropriate access to genetic resources. Transfer of required technologies. Appropriate funding.2 USE OF TERMS: 11. "Biological diversity" the variability among living organisms from all sources including, terrestrial, marine and other aquatic ecosystems and the ecological complexes of which they are part; this includes diversity within species, between species and of ecosystems. 12. 3 PRINCIPLE: States have sovereign right to exploit their biological diversity as per their policies. Previously biodiversity was considered heritage of humankind. State is responsible to control their resources without damaging the environment of other states. 13. 4 JURIDICTIONAL SCOPE: The geographic area over which authority extends5 COOPERATION: Each contracting country has to cooperate other countries for the conservation and sustainable use of biodiversity. The cooperation can be bilateral or multilateral. If necessary, any party can ask help from competent international organizations for arranging cooperation. 14. 6 GENERAL MEASURES FOR CONSERVATION AND SUSTAINABLE USE (OBLIGATIONS OF THE STATES): Develop or adopt national strategies, plans or programmes for the conservation and sustainable use of BD. Integrate these plans into sectoral or cross sectoral plans, programmes and policies.7 IDENTIFICATION AND MONITORING 15. 8 IN-SITU CONSERVATION:9 EX-SITU CONSERVATION:10 SUSTAINABLE USE OF COMPONENTS OF BD:11 INCENTIVE MEASURES: motivational measures 16. 12 RESEARCH AND TRAINING:13 PUBLIC EDUCATION AND AWARENESS:14 IMPACT ASSESSMENT AND MINIMIZING ADVERSE IMPACTS:15 ACCESS TO GENETIC RESOURCES: 17. 16 ACCESS TO AND TRANSFER OF TECHNOLOGY:17 EXCHANGE OF INFORMATION:18 TECHNICAL AND SCIENTIFIC COOPERATION:19 HANDLING OF BIOTECHNOLOGY AND DISTRIBUTION OF ITS BENEFITS 18. 20 FINANCIAL RESOURCES21 FINANCIAL MECHANISM22 RELATIONSHIP WITH OTHER INTERNATIONAL CONVENTIONS:23 CONFERENCE OF PARTIES (COP) 19. 24 SECRETRAIAT25 SUBSIDIARY BODY ON SCIENTIFIC, TECHNICAL AND TECHNOLOGICAL ADVICE:26 REPORTS:27 SETTLEMENT OF DISPUTES: 20. 28 ADOPTION OF PROTOCOL29 AMENDMENT OF THE CONVENTION OR PROTOCOLS:30 ADOPTION AND AMENDMENT OF ANNEXES:31 RIGHT TO VOTE: 21. ARTICLE 33. RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN THIS CONVENTION AND ITS PROTOCOLARTICLE 33. SIGNATURE ARTICLE 34. RATIFICATION (signing an agreement), ACCEPTANCE OR APPROVAL ARTICLE 35. ACCESSION (particular period for signature & its extension) ARTICLE 36. ENTRY INTO FORCE ARTICLE 37. RESERVATIONS ARTICLE 38. WITHDRAWALS ARTICLE 39. FINANCIAL INTERIM ARRANGEMENTS ARTICLE 40. SECRETARIAT INTERIM ARRANGEMENTS ARTICLE 41. DEPOSITARY ARTICLE 42. AUTHENTIC TEXTS ANNEX I. IDENTIFICATION AND MONITORING ANNEX II - PART 1. ARBITRATION ANNEX II - PART 2. CONCILIATION 22. COPPLACEYEARDOCUMENTSDECISIONSMAJOR THEMES1Nassau, Bahamas28 Nov 9 Dec 19943313Guidance to the financial mechanism; Medium-term programme of work;2Indonesia6 - 17 Nov 19955623Marine and coastal biological diversity; Access to genetic resources; Conservation and sustainable use of biological diversity; Biosafety;3Argentina4 - 15 Nov 199611227Agricultural biodiversity; Financial resources and mechanism; Identification, monitoring and assessment; Intellectual property rights;4Slovakia4 - 15 May 19987119Inland water ecosystems; Review of the operations of the Convention; Article 8(j) and related issues (traditional knowledge); Benefit sharing; 23. EX1Cartagena, Colombia & Montreal, Canada22 - 23 Feb 1999 & 24 - 28 Jan 2000243CARTEGENA PROTOCOL5Nairobi, Kenya15 - 26 May 20008129Dryland, mediterranean, arid, semi-arid, grassland and savannah ecosystems; Sustainable use, including tourism; Access to genetic resources;6Netherlands7 - 19 April 200211432Forest ecosystems; Alien species; Benefit-sharing; Strategic plan 2002-2010;7Malaysia9 - 20 February 20049436Mountain ecosystems; Protected areas; Transfer of technology and technology cooperation.8Brazil20 - 31 March 200610634Island biodiversity; Biological diversity of dry and sub-humid lands; Global Taxonomy Initiative; Access and benefit-sharing (Article 15); Article 8(j) and related provisions; Communication, education and public awareness (Article 13). 24. 9Germany19 - 30 May 200811036Agricultural, Forest biodiversity Global Strategy for Plant Conservation; Invasive alien species; Incentive measures; Progress in the implementation of the Strategic Plan and progress towards the 2010 traget and relevant Millennium Development Goals;10Nagoya, Aichi Prefecture, Japan18 - 29 October 201010747NAGOYA PROTOCOL11India8 - 19 October 201212533BD & livelihoodss, integration of value of BD in national planning &accounting process, strategy for resource mobilization, coastal & marine BD , operationalization of Nagoya protocol 25. Raise awareness of: the importance of biodiversity accomplishments to save biodiversity Promote innovative solutions Take immediate steps to reduce the rate of loss of biodiversity 26. Biodiversity is important for human wellbeing The current rate of biodiversity loss is severe, by some accounts up to 100 times the natural rate of extinction We need to work together to halt this loss. Many success stories point the way to the future 27. Provide a global message which offers partners the chance to highlight their work and activities Create information products that highlight success stories and the work of the Convention Take advantage of existing international and national events to promote the biodiversity agenda to new audiences and mobilize their support 28. To achieve, by 2010, a significant reduction of the current rate of biodiversity loss at the global, regional and national level, as a contribution to poverty alleviation and to the benefit of all life on Earth 29. Gene rich countries: have sovereign rights on their BD. Farming communities: will receive their share from the benefits of BD. Future generations: conservation of resources for future need. Scientific communities: benefited by conservation and improvement of genetic resources. ALL THE PEOPLE WILL BE BENEFITED 30. Wild life trade big business between countries leads to endangering of species. 31. Unsustainable trade in wildlife is one of the central threats to biodiversity as it concerns thousands of plant and animal species, and can push them close to extinction. This issue affects a wide range of live animals and plants as well as a vast array of products derived from them, including food, fur, leather goods, musical instruments, timber, tourist souvenirs, perfumes, and medicines. 32. To regulate this extra efforts, international cooperation are necessary. Effective regulation convention to prevent commercial trade in endangered species 33. CITES Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora 34. CITES is an international convention that combines wildlife and trade themes with a legally binding instrument for achieving conservation and sustainable use objectives 35. The largest conservation oriented Convention. Resolution adopted by the 8TH General Assembly of IUCN, in Nairobi in 1963. Drafting of the text started in 1964. The final text was adopted in Washington in 3 March 1973, and entered into force on 1 July 1975. Washington Convention 36. CITES agreement between governments The regulation is based upon the appendices : Appendix 1 Appendix 2 Appendix 3 & Regulates the export, re-export and import of live and dead animals and plants and their parts and derivatives (for listed species only) through a system of permits and certificates 37. Species threatened with extinction International (commercial) trade is generally prohibited. Almost 530 animal species and 300 plant species 38. Species not threatened with extinction, but trade must be controlled to avoid their becoming threatened. International trade is permitted but regulated. More than 4,400 animal species and more than 28,000 plant species 39. Species for which a country is asking Parties to help with its protection. International trade is permitted but regulated (less restrictive than Appendix II) Some 240 animal species and about 40 plant species 40. Export permits Import permits Re-export certificates Other certificates 41. Designate a Management Authority and a Scientific Authority Prohibit trade in specimens in violation of the Convention Penalize such trade Allow