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Basque Painters 20 th century

Basque painters

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Page 1: Basque painters

Basque Painters

20th century

Page 2: Basque painters

Adolfo Guiard

• After learning with Lecuona he travelled to Paris and London.

• He was a bohemian artist.

• He devoted mainly to decorative painting receiving several commandments.

• He painter cardboards for different buildings, including those for the Bellas Artes Museum.

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• In Paris he received Degas’s influence.

• He wanted to depict his worries about colour and the effect of light on the things he wanted to represent.

• He was the painter of grey and blue.

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• Some of his most representative works are those he painted in 1887 for the Biscayan Society: On the Terrace and The Hunters.

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• Sota family from Bilbao commanded Harvest and Promise.

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• He made a very varied work: drawings, watercolours, self-portraits, oil paintings, notes and different projects.

• Unamuno mentioned the characteristics of his style:– Images are silhouettes– Given the small format, they

look to be illuminated drawings

– Human images are natural and appear as decorative elements.


The Town Girl of the Red Carnation

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• He entered in Bilbao’s Arts and Crafts school when he was thirteen

• He combined his arts studies with his work as an assistant in a publishing house

• Thanks to his job he could contact with engraving and lithography techniques.

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• When he was ill, he obtained a grant of Biscay’s Deputation to study fine arts.

• His first years were of great intensity and he travelled to Belgium, Italy and Paris.

• In the last city he could exhibit his work.

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• When he came back to Spain in 1911 he founded the Basque Artists’ Society.

• He belonged to the UGT and was member of the socialist party. Due to this, in 1917 his painting became critic, dark and full of social weight depicting the life of the poorest neighbourhoods and their inhabitants.

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• His career became international when first in Paris in 1919 and then in London in 1920 he took part in some exhibitions.

• Between 1921 and 1923 he painted twelve frescoes for the Bilbao’s Bank and thanks to this work he was appointed director of Bilbao’s Bellas Artes Museum in 1924.

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• He was born in Santander inside a family from Bilbao. He spent part of his student time in Lieja when his interest for painting appeared.

• He went to Paris where he became a well considered and paid painter

• He presented his works with Picasso

• He knew Matisse.

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• Once he returned, he went to Andalucía and he created an axis Andalucía-Bilbao-Paris

• In 1917 his work was presented in the Basque Artists’ Exhibition with images of Andalucía, Salamanca and Morocco.

• His palette was very personal, with daring colours.

• He was a fauvistGardens

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Women playing

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Horses and greyhounds

Herd of bulls

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Dario Regoyos

• He was from Asturias.• He painted landscapes

with very original colours.• An important part of his

career developed in the Basque Country.

• He studied in San Fernando’s Art Academy.

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• Later he travelled to Belgium and the Netherlands and also in Spain

• He was member of different circles such as: L'Essor or Los XX.

• He organised exhibitions, concerts and other celebrations in order to develop modern art, mainly in Belgium.

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• He travelled in Spain where he established after his marriage.

• His painting evolved from a pre-symbolist naturalism, depicting the dark Spain to impressionism and pointillism.

• He was more adventurous than Zuloaga and Sorolla.  

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• In his maturity phase he painted landscape in nature (plain air) in Biscayan and Guipuzcoan towns.

• His drawing is naïf, with the taste for live colours of the time and he was not appreciated in Spain at that moment.

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• Guiard: http://bcove.me/dqqkfggz

• Arteta: http://bcove.me/b94zx0zd

• Iturrino: http://bcove.me/fpli6woj

• Regoyos: http://bcove.me/2hxv4b7v